Conversation(Expert Chapter 1)|日常会話(上級1章)
Lesson96: Paradigm Shifts

PART A_1
Let’s learn new vocabulary. Listen and repeat these words with your tutor.
PART A_2
1. unprecedented 先例のない、空前の
  The alarming crime rate is unprecedented.
2. deleterious 有害な、有毒な
  The air pollution in the city has deleterious impacts on our health.
3. consensus 一致、総意、コンセンサス
  There is a consensus among scientists that climate change is real.
4. snowball effect 雪だるま効果
  His simple mistake created a snowball effect that really affected the company.
5. hit the books 猛烈に勉強する
  We have to hit the books for our upcoming examination next week.
PART A_3
Let’s make sentences using the vocabulary we’ve just learned.
PART A_4
1. unprecedented 
Answer:
2. deleterious 
Answer:
3. consensus 
Answer:
4. paradigm shift 
Answer:
5. hit the books 
Answer:
PART B_1
Let’s read the dialogue. I will play Ron and you will play Emma. Then, we’ll switch roles.
PART B_2

This global pandemic is really unprecedented.
I agree. No one expected the scale of the impact of this pandemic.

Unfortunately, this public health crisis had a snowball effect that affected the whole world.
This is really frustrating. This crisis also poses deleteriouseffects
to the economy, public health, and education.

I think there is a global consensus that our way of life has been changed so much.
I agree with that.

As a student, I think there has been a paradigm shift in our education.
I agree. Now that we cannot go out yet, the way we study has been
greatly changed.

Contrary to our traditional education where we study in classrooms, we can now learn from our homes.
Yes. This remote learning setup enables us to hit the books despite our
distance from each other.

I agree. Our modern technologies have really helped us to cope during these trying times.
I hope that this pandemic ends soon so we can return to our normal lives.

PART C_1
Please summarize the conversation using your own words and expressions.
PART C_2
PART D_1
Fill in the blanks and complete the conversation.
PART D_2
1. A: The huge number of plastics and trash in our oceans is really alarming,
B: I agree. The scale of marine pollutions is ____________.
2. A: The world should be serious about addressing global warming.
B: I agree. This problem has __________ impacts on our environment.
3. A: Our leaders have different opinions on the issue.
B: Yes, but they have to reach a ________ on that matter.
4. A: You should be careful with what you are doing.
B: I know. I am aware that my decision may have a __________ that will impact all of us.
5. A: Do you have plans for tonight?
B: I am going to __________ for my examination tomorrow.
PART E_1
Let’s do a roleplay. Talk with me according to the situation below, using the expressions you just learned.
PART E_2
You are tasked to report about Heliocentrism and Geocentrism. Talk about their differences with your tutor.
PART E_3
REVIEW AND FEEDBACK
Now, let us review the things that you learned in this lesson.
(Please give a short feedback on how your student did on your class.)
Grammar
文法
Pronunciation 発音 Vocabulary
単語
Comprehension
理解
GOOD 文法の誤りはほとんどなく、完全な文章で話すことができる ほとんどの単語をはっきりと正しく発音することができる 習った表現を適切に使うことができる 文章を理解し、質問に正しく答えることができる

FAIR
文法の誤りはあるが、完全な文章で話すことができる 発音の練習が必要な言葉がいくつかある たまにミスはあるが、習った表現を適切に使うことができる 文章を完全に理解するのは難しく、質問に正しく答えられないときもある

POOR
文章で話すのは難しく、単語だけで話すことができる 発音の練習が必要である 習った単語と表現を少しだけ使うことができる 文章を理解するのは難しく、質問に答えるのは難しい
TUTOR FEEDBACK

GRAMMAR
Good: Was able to speak in complete sentences with minimal grammatical errors.
Fair: Was able to speak in complete sentences with evident grammatical errors.
Poor: Was able to speak using words only.
PRONUNCIATION
Good: Was able to pronounce most of the words clearly and correctly.
Fair: Mispronounced a few words.
Poor: Mispronounced most of the words.
VOCABULARY
Good: Used appropriate expressions learned in class.
Fair: Used appropriate expressions learned in class and made a few errors in word choice.
Poor: Used only a few words and expressions.
COMPREHENSION
Good: Was able to understand the passages and answer the questions correctly.
Fair: Had a little difficulty in understanding passages and answering questions.
Poor: Had a hard time understanding passages and answering questions.