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TOEFL Task4 実践問題 2

PART A_1

Let’s introduce ourselves to each other.

PART A_2

My name is ________________. What is your name?

PART A_3

I am ________________. Nice to meet you.

PART A_4

Nice to meet you too, ________________. Let’s begin our lesson!

PART B_1

Please read aloud the following passage in 45 seconds.

PART B_2

The reason why people feel awful when they are sick is not because of the viruses that go into their bodies. Cytokines are the ones responsible for this. Cytokines are produced by the first line of defense by the immune system. When the immune system is under serious attack, it releases more cytokines that trigger two responses. The first one is the vagus nerve which runs throughout the body into the brain that sends information and passes near an important area of pain processing. Second, cytokines travel throughout the body to the hypothalamus which is responsible for controlling temperature, thirst, hunger, and sleep.

PART C_1

I will read aloud the lecture part for 90 seconds. Please take down notes while I am reading. After that, please read aloud the lecture part.

PART C_2

Have you ever wondered why you feel awful when you are sick? Most people often think that the reason behind it are the viruses that go into their bodies. But do you know that it is not the real reason? In fact, the body is the one responsible for this. People get sick when a flu virus gets into their system which infects and kills their cells. This alerts the immune system about your condition. Then, the body generates its defense mechanisms. The first line of defense is responsible for searching and destroying viruses and infected cells. Afterwards, they will release cytokines that recruit more virus-busting cells. To avoid the virus from spreading more, the immune system launches a stronger defense. However, when the immune system is under serious attack, it produces more cytokines which trigger two responses. The first one is the vagus nerve which runs throughout the body into the brain. It sends information to the brain that passes near an important area of pain processing. Second, cytokines travel throughout the body to the hypothalamus. It is the one responsible for controlling temperature, thirst, hunger, and sleep. It also sends signals that tell muscles to contract and causes a rise in body temperature. It also makes people sleepy and feel thirsty and lose their appetite.

PART D_1

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the announcement and the dialogue.
You have 30 seconds for preparation and 60 seconds for answering. Please start your preparation silently.

PART D_2

Using the examples from the lecture, explain why do people feel awful when they get sick.
Answer:
PART D_3

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART D_4

PART D_5

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART D_6

The professor was talking about the real reason why people feel awful when they are sick, the topic mentioned in the passage. According to the reading passage, people do not feel awful when they are sick because of the viruses that go into their bodies. Rather, it is caused by cytokines that are produced by the first line of defense of their immune system. The professor mentioned the two responses that trigger cytokines when the immune system is under serious attack. The first one is the vagus nerve that runs throughout the body into the brain. The professor mentioned that the vagus nerve sends information to the brain that passes near an important area of pain processing. The second trigger is when cytokines travel throughout the body to the hypothalamus. The professor mentioned that the hypothalamus is responsible for controlling temperature, thirst, hunger, and sleep.

PART E_1

Please read aloud the following passage in 45 seconds.

PART E_2

Lower esophageal sphincter is one of the most important muscles in our body that can be found between the chest and the abdomen. It plays a crucial role to help people eat. However, when it malfunctions, it causes heartburn. Two of the main causes of this are the diet and the consumption of nicotine and alcohol. Foods like caffeine and peppermint contain ingredients that relax the LES which makes it incapable of doing its job. Meanwhile, smoking increases the risk of heartburn because of the nicotine found in cigarettes. Moreover, carbonated beverages can bubble up the stomach which may force to open the valve.

PART F_1

I will read aloud the lecture part for 90 seconds. Please take down notes while I am reading. After that, please read aloud the lecture part.

PART F_2

Do you know that one of the most important muscles in our body is found between the chest and the abdomen? It is called the lower esophageal sphincter also known as LES. It plays a crucial role to help us eat. However, when it malfunctions, it causes heartburn which many people have been experiencing for thousands of years now. Heartburn is a condition where people feel like there is a flame in their heart down to their esophagus or sometimes a sour-tasting chest-spasm. But what are the reasons why many people suffer from heartburn? Let us talk about the two of the main reasons for this which are their diet and consumption of nicotine and alcohol. Let us first talk about the diet. Foods like caffeine and peppermint contain ingredients that relax the LES which makes it incapable of doing its job. Moreover, other acidic foods such as citrus and tomatoes can worsen irritation of the esophagus when it releases stomach acid. Second, smoking increases the risk of heartburn because of the nicotine that can be found in cigarettes. The nicotine relaxes the LES. In addition to that, carbonated beverages can bubble up the stomach which may force to open the valve.

PART G_1

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the announcement and the dialogue.
You have 30 seconds for preparation and 60 seconds for answering. Please start your preparation silently.

PART G_2

Using the examples in the lecture, please explain the main causes of heartburn.
Answer:
PART G_3

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART G_4

PART G_5

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART G_6

The professor was talking about the lower esophageal sphincter also known as the LES, an important muscle that can be found between the chest and the abdomen, the topic mentioned in the passage. According to the reading passage, when the LES malfunctions, it causes heartburn which many people have been experiencing for thousands of years now. It is a condition where people feel like there is a flame in their heart down to their esophagus or sometimes a sour-tasting chest-spasm. The professor mentioned two of the main causes of this; diet and consumption of nicotine and alcohol. The first cause mentioned in the passage is the diet. The professor mentioned that foods like caffeine and peppermint contain ingredients that relax the LES which makes it incapable of doing its job. Moreover, other acidic foods such as citrus and tomatoes can worsen irritation of the esophagus when it releases stomach acid. The second cause of heartburn is the consumption of nicotine and alcohol. The professor mentioned that smoking increases the risk of heartburn because of the nicotine that can be found in cigarettes. The nicotine relaxes the LES. In addition to that, carbonated beverages can bubble up the stomach which may force to open the valve.

PART H_1

Now, let’s do a free talk about the following topics.
(Please do a free talk if you have time left.)

PART H_2

Please explain why having a healthy diet is important.
Give 2 reasons and examples to support your opinion.

PART H_3

Y_CII_Lesson-10-2

PART A_1

We will read aloud the words below. Please repeat after me. I will check your pronunciation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART A_2

fail JP
fame JP
power JP
courage JP
survive JP
encouragement JP
PART A_3

Now, let’s review some words from part A_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part A_2.)

PART A_4

PART A_5

Now, please look at the picture below. Give three actions that you see in the picture.

c2

PART A_6

1.
2.
3.
PART A_7

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART A_8

PART B_1

You will read aloud the passage below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART B_2

Sense of humor
“Peanuts” was a popular cartoon made by Charles M. Schulz. In one of its stories, the home team has won a football game which made Linus very happy. Meanwhile, Charlie Brown listens to him quietly and asks him about how the other team might feel. Charlie understands how it feels to fail because he himself has experienced it. He had never become a good student or good at sports. Basically, in a world where power and wealth matter the most, he is a failure. But the truth is, he never loses because he never feels sorry for himself. Instead, he hopes for better days and keeps trying. And that makes him the real winner.
Schulz seems to tell people through “Peanuts” that real success is not about having money, fame, and power. Rather, it is about having hope, courage, respect for others, and a sense of humor. He drew “Peanuts” for nearly 50 years. However, in 1999, he found out that he had cancer and could no longer continue. He wanted to say goodbye to his readers, so he drew a farewell cartoon. Unfortunately, he was not able to see it because he died the day before it came out. Schulz and “Peanuts” have helped people survive in this difficult world with a smile on their faces. It has also served as an encouragement to many people.

PART B_3

Now, let’s review some words and sentences from part B_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and sentences from part B_2.)

PART B_4

PART B_5

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the passage. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART B_6

1. What is “Peanuts?”
Answer:
2. What does Charlie understand?
Answer:
3. What does Schulz seem to tell people?
Answer:
4. How long did he draw “Peanuts?”
Answer:
5. What happened in 1999?
Answer:

PART B_7

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_8

PART C_1

Please choose a word to complete each sentence. Then, read aloud the sentences.

PART C_2

survive

power

fame

fail

1. The students __________ to submit their projects on time.
2. Do not let _______ go to your head.
3. The king and queen abuse their _________.
4. I don’t think I can _________ alone.

PART C_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_4

PART D_1

Please answer the following questions. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART D_2

1. Do you like watching cartoons?
Answer:
2. Who is your favorite cartoon character?
Answer:
3. Who is the most popular cartoon character in your country?
Answer:
4. What do you feel when you watch cartoons?
Answer:
5. Have you ever watched “Peanuts?”
Answer:
6. Have you ever experienced to fail?
Answer:
7. What do you usually do after failing?
Answer:
PART D_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART D_4

SokaHS_Grade3_No4

PART A_1

Let’s introduce ourselves to each other.

PART A_2

My name is ________. Nice to meet you. What is your name?

PART A_3

I am ________. Nice to meet you too. Let’s start our lesson.

PART B_1

Now, you will give a presentation about what you have been researching.
Then, I will give feedback and ask questions after your presentation.

PART B_2

(Please start your presentation now.)

PART C_1

Thank you for your presentation. Now, I will ask you some questions about your presentation.
(Please ask some questions about the student’s presentation.)
1. ?
2. ?
3. ?

PART D_1

I will give a presentation.
(Please read aloud the passage below.)

PART D_2

A few years ago, I found out that some of my classmates in elementary school did not finish their education, while others were not even able to experience going to college due to personal reasons. That made me think of how many children in the Philippines are not privileged enough to go to school to get a proper education. Then, I came across the Sustainable Development Program also known as SDG which education is one of their 17 goals.
As I have read different researches and government websites, I learned that there are about 265 million children worldwide who are currently out of school. Meanwhile, in the Philippines, nine percent of Filipinos aged 6 to 24 years old are not attending a formal school or have not finished college education. One of the most common reasons for this is the high cost of education in the Philippines. Although there are public schools in the Philippines, the everyday needs of students such as allowance, food, projects, and the likes still burden most parents.
Having a proper and quality education is one of the fundamental needs to succeed in life. It opens various doors of opportunity to make people’s life more comfortable. But the current education system in most developing countries hinders the chance of most children in attaining this. To solve this problem, the government must provide scholarships to students, trainings and workshops to teachers, and build and improve school facilities that would cater to students’ needs. In addition to that, they should make schools more accessible to students most especially to those who live in rural areas. I know that there are more things we need to know about the situation of the Philippines’ education system to help these children go to school, but I believe that if we work together, it would not be impossible to achieve all of these.

PART E_1

Now, please ask me some questions about my presentation.

PART E_2

1. Why are you interested in this topic?
2. Did you go somewhere to research about your topic?
If yes, where did you go?
If no, what did you do instead?
3. How are you going to do more research about your topic?
4. How much time do you think it is going to take to solve the problem? Why do you think so?
PART F_1

Now, let’s do a free talk about the following topics.
(Please do a free talk if you have time left.)

PART F_2

How important is education for you?
How do you think you can help out-of-school youth?

PART F_3

B_HS1α_review7

PART A_1

Let’s introduce ourselves to each other.

PART A_2

My name is ________________. What is your name?

PART A_3

I am ________________. Nice to meet you.

PART A_4

Nice to meet you too, ________________. What is your favorite day of the week?

PART A_5

PART A_6

I see. Now, let’s begin our lesson!

PART B_1

We will read aloud the words and expressions below. Please repeat after me.
I will check your pronunciation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART B_2

competition

figure skating

field

team

athlete

PART B_3

Now, let’s review some words from part B_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part B_2.)

PART B_4

PART C_1

We will read aloud the sentences below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART C_2

1. My favorite sport in the Olympics is baseball.
2. I started playing baseball when I was 10 years old.
3. Why do you like figure skating?
4. My favorite movement in figure skating is called the axel which requires me to jump into the air and turn my body twice.
5. Why do you like basketball?
6. The most popular sport in my country is soccer.
7. Soccer is played by two teams in a field.
8. How long do athletes usually practice for a swimming competition?
PART C_3

Now, let’s review some words and expressions from part C_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part C_2.)

PART C_4

PART D_1

Let’s do a role play with the given situations. You should mention the items below during the conversation.

PART D_2

Situation 1: You are talking with your classmate. Please tell him/her about your favorite sport in the Olympics.

(Your tutor will pretend to be your classmate.)
Items: – favorite sport in the Olympics
– reason why it is your favorite sport
– age when you started to like that sport
PART D_3

Situation 2: You are talking with your new teacher who is also a figure skater in the Olympic games. Please ask him/her more about figure skating.

(Your tutor will pretend to be your new teacher.)
Items: – reason why he/she likes that sport
– his/her favorite movements in figure skating
– how the sport affects his/her body
PART D_4

Situation 3: You are with your friend who plays basketball. Please ask him/her about it.

(Your tutor will pretend to be your friend.)
Items: – age he/she started playing basketball
– reason why he/she likes basketball
– how many times he/she practices basketball
PART D_5

Situation 4: Your host brother/sister is asking you about the most popular sport in your country. Please tell him/her more about it.

(Your tutor will pretend to be your host brother/sister.)
Items: – most popular sport in your country
– reason why it is popular
– where the sport is played
PART D_6

Situation 5: You are with your uncle/aunt who is an athlete. He/she usually joins swimming competitions. Please ask him/her questions as he/she shows you around the area for the swimming practice.

(Your tutor will pretend to be your uncle/aunt.)
Items: swim
PART D_7

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART D_8

PART E_1

Let’s do a free talk.
(Please do a free talk if you have time left.)

PART E_2

Tell me about the sport you usually play at school.

PART E_3

B_HS1α_practice7

PART A_1

Let’s introduce ourselves to each other.

PART A_2

PART A_3

PART A_4

PART A_5

PART A_6

PART B_1

We will read aloud the words below. Please repeat after me. I will check your pronunciation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART B_2

Olympics
take place
court
movement
lift
PART B_3

Now, let’s review some words from part B_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part B_2.)

PART B_4

PART B_5

Please look at the picture in part B_2. Give a maximum of three things that you see in the picture.
(If your student is having a hard time to answer, please move to the next activity.)

PART B_6

PART B_7

Please construct sentences using each word below.

PART B_8

Olympics
take place
court
movement
lift
PART C_1

Now, we will read aloud the words below to practice proper phonics. I will check your pronunciation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART C_2

years apart /jɪrz əˈpɑrt/
two teams /tu timz/
shoot a ball /ʃut ə bɔl/
ten feet above /tɛn fit əˈbʌv/
figure skating /fɪgjər ˈskeɪtɪŋ/
PART C_3

Now, let’s review some words from part C_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part C_2.)

PART C_4

PART D_1

You will read aloud the passage below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART D_2

The Olympic Games are international sports event that take place every four years. There are two kinds of Olympic sports; the Summer and Winter which alternates each other that happens two years apart.
One of the most popular summer sports is basketball. It is a team sport that has two teams with five players each. The game happens on a rectangular floor also known as a court. To score points, players must shoot a ball through a ring that is elevated 10 feet above the ground.
On the other hand, figure skating is one of the most popular winter sports. It is a sport that could be by pair or individual. In this sport, ice skaters perform freestyle movements in a graceful way such as jumps, toe loop, flips, and lifts.
The last Winter Olympics was held in Pyeongchang, South Korea in the year 2018. Meanwhile, the upcoming 2020 Summer Olympics will be held in Tokyo, Japan.

PART D_3

Now, let’s review some words and sentences from part D_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and sentences from part D_2.)

PART D_4

PART D_5

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the passage. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART D_6

1.
What are the Olympic Games?
Answer:
2.
What are the two kinds of Olympic Sports?
Answer:
3.
Where was the last Winter Olympics held?
Answer:

PART D_7

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART D_8

PART E_1

Please choose a word to complete each sentence. Then, read aloud the sentences.

PART E_2

court
movement
take place
lift

1.
The school festival will _______________ next week.
2.
We watched the Sport Festival at the basketball _______ last week.
3.
I watched Chelo do her favorite gymnastic __________.
4.
Steven likes to ______ weights.

PART E_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART E_4

PART F_1

Please answer the following question.
I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART F_2

1.
Should all people play sports?
Answer:
I hold the view that
2.
Are competitive sports not good for children?
Answer:
It is my impression that
3.
Should playing volleyball be limited to girls?
Answer:
In my understanding
PART F_3

Now, let’s review your answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART F_4

PART G_1

Now, let’s answer the following questions. Your answer should start with “Yes/No”.
Give at least one reason to support your opinion. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART G_2

1.
Do you think basketball is the most famous sport in the world?
Answer:
2.
Do you agree that children should play sports as young as five years old?
Answer:

PART G_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART G_4

PART H_1

Let’s do a free talk about the following topic.
(Please do a free talk if you have time left.)

PART H_2

PART H_3

Y_CI_Lesson-10-2

PART A_1

We will read aloud the words below. Please repeat after me. I will check your pronunciation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART A_2

rare JP
invention JP
technology
remind JP
electronic JP
prove JP
PART A_3

Now, let’s review some words from part A_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part A_2.)

PART A_4

PART A_5

Now, please look at the picture below. Give three actions that you see in the picture.

c2

PART A_6

1.
2.
3.
PART A_7

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART A_8

PART B_1

You will read aloud the passage below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART B_2

Letters to grandchildren
Teddy moved back to India with his father after the war ended in 1918. Meanwhile, Kaka stayed in England. During those days, many families were away from each other. So, they wrote letters to their families to stay connected. However, mails took many weeks to arrive.
Kaka sent letters to his grandchildren. When they turned five, he started to include longer sentences in his letters to help them learn to read. In his letters, he drew rare animals in India and about the inventions and technology such as the radio and the telephone. He continued sending his grandchildren letters for many years.
Kaka’s letters to his grandchildren remind people that time and distance are nothing if they make extra effort to show their loved ones that they care to keep in touch. In this day and age, it is easy for people to keep in touch and they sometimes take it for granted. But these electronic messages would not remain as treasures. This proves that handwritten letters have magic that could last for thousands of years.

PART B_3

Now, let’s review some words and sentences from part B_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and sentences from part B_2.)

PART B_4

PART B_5

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the passage. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART B_6

1. Who moved back to India after the war ended in 1918?
Answer:
2. What took many weeks to arrive?
Answer:
3. Who sent letters to his grandchildren?
Answer:
4. What do Kaka’s letters to his grandchildren remind people?
Answer:

PART B_7

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_8

PART C_1

Please choose a word to complete each sentence. Then, read aloud the sentences.

PART C_2

invention

prove

technology

remind

1. I think the telephone is the greatest _________ of all time.
2. __________ makes people’s life easier.
3. The teachers _________ the students about their project.
4. I will _______ to everyone that I didn’t do it.

PART C_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_4

PART D_1

Please answer the following questions.
I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART D_2

1. Have you ever received a letter from your friends?
Answer: .
2. Have you ever tried sending out letters abroad?
Answer: .
3. Are you good at writing letters?
Answer: .
4. Do you like writing letters?
Answer: .
5. Do you agree that handwritten letters are better than electronic messages?
Answer: .
6. If you would send a letter to someone, who would it be?
Answer: .
7. Why do you think some people do not like to write letters?
Answer: .
PART D_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART D_4

Y_NT4_Lesson-6-2_Intermediate

PART A_1

We will read aloud the words below. Please repeat after me. I will check your pronunciation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART A_2

value
battle
effect
quality
consider

PART A_3

Now, let’s review some words from part A_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part A_2.)

PART A_4

PART B_1

Please read aloud the passage below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART B_2

In the second type of network externality, the number of users a product or service has, indirectly influences its value. The common example of this is computer software. The Windows operating system is more commonly used than Mac OS. Because of that, many people prefer using the Windows operating system to Mac OS. So, the number of users continuously increases. The battle between VHS and Betamax is another perfect example of this effect. These two were the video cassette formats in the 1970s to 1980s which were introduced at the same time. Although Betamax offered better quality, many people still prefer VHS because its manufacturers worked faster to get other companies to promote it.
This type of network effect often leads to another. This is called the de facto standard which came from the Latin word meaning “in fact.” This effect is where a standard was established and dominates the market, even without the approval of any organizations or the government. Meanwhile, consumers must be aware of this standard and consider their priorities carefully. They must weigh whether they chose popularity over quality or the other way around.

PART B_3

Now, let’s review some words and sentences from part B_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and sentences from part B_2.)

PART B_4

PART B_5

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the passage. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.
(Please send the sentences that need grammar corrections to your student.)

PART B_6

1. What indirectly influences the value of a product or service?
Answer: .
2. What is the common example of the second type of network externality?
Answer: .
3. Why do many people prefer VHS to Betamax?
Answer: .
4. What is the de facto standard?
Answer: .
PART B_7

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_8

PART C_1

Please construct sentences using each word below.

PART C_2

value Example: Bella and Andy value their health over wealth.
Answer: .
battle Example: The students organized a dance battle for their school festival.
Answer: .
effect Example: The effect of the typhoon was too much to handle.
Answer: .
quality Example: The store sells top quality products.
Answer: .
consider Example: Jamie will consider her options.
Answer: .
PART C_3

Now, let’s review some words from part C_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part C_2.)

PART C_4

PART D_1

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on your opinion. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.
(Please send the sentences that need grammar corrections to your student.)

PART D_2

1. Do you think buying online is a good idea?
Answer: .
2. Do you agree that people should read a review about the product first before buying it?
Answer: .
3. Do you agree that cheap products have good quality too?
Answer: .
4. Do you think it is okay to return a product if it does not satisfy the customer?
Answer: .
5. Why do you think people like to go shopping?
Answer: .
6. Why do you think some people prefer to shop online?
Answer: .
7. What should people prioritize, popularity or quality?
Answer: .
PART D_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART D_4

Discussion_Guide Questions_2

PART A_1

Let’s introduce ourselves to each other.

PART A_2

My name is ________. Nice to meet you. What is your name?

PART A_3

I am ________. Nice to meet you too. Let’s start our lesson.

PART A_4

In this lesson, you will practice answering questions about certain topics. I will check your grammar, pronunciation, and stress.

PART B_1

Let’s talk about the things you would do if you could time travel. I will ask you the following questions. Please answer in as much detail as you can.

PART B_2

1. If you could time travel, where would you like to go?
2. What is the reason why you want to time travel to that place?
3. If you could bring another person on your time travel, who would it be?
4. What is the first thing you would do there?
5. How would time travel change your present life?

PART B_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_4

PART B_5

Now, I will ask you a question based on your answers.
(Please ask a question based on your student’s answers.)

PART B_6

?
PART B_7

PART B_8

Now, let’s review your answer.
(Please review your student’s answer by sending the correct answer in a complete sentence. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answer.)

PART B_9

PART C_1

Let’s talk about your opinions about having a part-time job as a student. I will ask you the following questions. Please answer in as much detail as you can.

PART C_2

1. What kind of part-time job would you like to try?
2. What is the reason why most students want to have a part-time job?
3. As a student, what do you think are the advantages of having a part-time job? Please explain your answers with examples.
4. As a student, what do you think are the disadvantages of having a part-time job? Please explain your answers with examples.
5. How would you make use of your part-time job experience in your future career?

PART C_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_4

PART C_5

Now, I will ask you a question based on your answers.
(Please ask a question based on your student’s answers.)

PART C_6

?
PART C_7

PART C_8

Now, let’s review your answer.
(Please review your student’s answer by sending the correct answer in a complete sentence. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answer.)

PART C_9

PART D_1

Let’s talk about learning English. I will ask you the following questions. Please answer in as much detail as you can.

PART D_2

1. What is the main reason why you study English?
2. What is the most difficult part of learning English? Please explain your answers and give examples.
3. What is the most interesting part of learning English? Please explain your answers and give examples.
4. How would learning English benefit your future career?
5. Do you think learning English is important for a person to be successful in life? Why or why not?

PART D_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART D_4

PART D_5

Now, I will ask you a question based on your answers.
(Please ask a question based on your student’s answers.)

PART D_6

?
PART D_7

PART D_8

Now, let’s review your answer.
(Please review your student’s answer by sending the correct answer in a complete sentence. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answer.)

PART D_9

PART E_1

Let’s talk about learning history more than science. I will ask you the following questions. Please answer in as much detail as you can.

PART E_2

1. Do you think learning history is more important than learning science? Why or why not?
2. Do you agree that history is more interesting than science? Why or why not?
3. What can you learn in history that is useful in the present time?
4. What is the most interesting part of learning history?
5. Do you agree that history could be repeated in the future? Why or why not?

PART E_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART E_4

PART E_5

Now, I will ask you a question based on your answers.
(Please ask a question based on your student’s answers.)

PART E_6

?
PART E_7

PART E_8

Now, let’s review your answer.
(Please review your student’s answer by sending the correct answer in a complete sentence. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answer.)

PART E_9

PART F_1

Let’s talk about online communication. I will ask you the following questions. Please answer in as much detail as you can.

PART F_2

1. What is the reason why most people prefer online communication rather than face-to-face? Please explain your answer.
2. How often do you communicate online?
3. Do you think online communication is the best way to communicate with people? Why or why not?
4. How does online communication change your face-to-face communication with other people?
5. Do you agree that online communication is safer than face-to-face communication? Why or why not?

PART F_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART F_4

PART F_5

Now, I will ask you a question based on your answers.
(Please ask a question based on your student’s answers.)

PART F_6

?
PART F_7

PART F_8

Now, let’s review your answer.
(Please review your student’s answer by sending the correct answer in a complete sentence. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answer.)

PART F_9

Y_NT4_Lesson-6-2_Expert

PART A_1

We will read aloud the words below. Please repeat after me. I will check your pronunciation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART A_2

valuable
competition
manufacturer
promote
range
eventually
standard
adjust

PART A_3

Now, let’s review some words from part A_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part A_2.)

PART A_4

PART B_1

Please read aloud the passage below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART B_2

In the second type of network externality, the number of users decides indirectly how valuable a product or a service is. For instance, the Windows operating system has more users than Mac OS. Because of that, the number of people who use Windows as their software increases. It has also become the market leader for many years now. Another example of this is the competition between VHS and Betamax. Both are the video cassette formats from the 1970s to 1980s wherein both were introduced at the same time. Betamax offered better picture quality. However, the manufacturers of VHS were able to convince other companies to promote their products fast. Moreover, it provided a wider range of rental movies and a good quality for average consumers. As a result, more and more people prefer to use VHS which made Betamax eventually disappear.

The network effect usually leads to another effect which is a certain standard. This standard becomes widely used and often dominate the market. This effect is called the de facto standard. Products that meet the de facto standard usually end up having a larger share of the market. This made many companies adjust to the de facto standards. Meanwhile, consumers must be careful about this phenomenon. So, it is important to know their priority between the popularity and the quality of the product.

PART B_3

Now, let’s review some words and sentences from part B_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and sentences from part B_2.)

PART B_4

PART B_5

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the passage. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.
(Please send the sentences that need grammar corrections to your student.)

PART B_6

1. What happens in the second type of network externality?
Answer: .
2. Which operating system has more users?
Answer: .
3. What are the video cassette formats from the 1970s to 1980s?
Answer: .
4. What happens to products that meet the de facto standard?
Answer: .
5. What is important for consumers to know?
Answer: .
PART B_7

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_8

PART C_1

Please construct sentences using each word below.

PART C_2

valuable .
competition .
promote .
standard .
adjust .
PART C_3

Now, let’s review some words from part C_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part C_2.)

PART C_4

PART D_1

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on your opinion. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.
(Please send the sentences that need grammar corrections to your student.)

PART D_2

1. Do you usually check the quality of a product before buying it? Why or why not?
Answer: .
2. Do you agree that expensive products have better quality than the cheaper ones?
Answer: .
3. What do you think makes a product popular?
Answer: .
4. What should consumers check first before buying a product?
Answer: .
5. Why do you think some people prefer a product’s popularity more than its quality?
Answer: .
6. Why is it important to check the reviews first before buying a product?
Answer: .
7. Why do you think some people do not like to buy expensive products?
Answer: .
PART D_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART D_4

Y_NT4_Lesson-6-1_Intermediate

PART A_1

We will read aloud the words below. Please repeat after me. I will check your pronunciation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART A_2

product
quality
benefit
gain
convenient

PART A_3

Now, let’s review some words from part A_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part A_2.)

PART A_4

PART B_1

Please read aloud the passage below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART B_2

In general, people would think that the popularity of products or services is based on their performance. However, their popularity is not always about quality, but it is also about the number of people who use them. For example, people would most likely choose a particular brand that his/her family or friends have been using.
If the number of people using the product increases, the more benefits the users gain. This is called the network externalities or also known as the network effect. A perfect example of this would be the telephone. Owning a telephone would be of no use if there are no other people using it. Meanwhile, if more and more people use a telephone, the more valuable it becomes because it would be convenient for people to communicate.
In one of the two major types of network externalities, the number of users of a product or a service has direct effects on its value. Some examples of this are telephones, fax machines, and all other communication services. Meaning, the value of a product does not depend on its quality but also on how much users it has.

PART B_3

Now, let’s review some words and sentences from part B_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and sentences from part B_2.)

PART B_4

PART B_5

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the passage. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.
(Please send the sentences that need grammar corrections to your student.)

PART B_6

1. What would people think about the popularity of products or services in general?
Answer: .
2. Is the popularity of a product or service always about the quality?
Answer: .
3. How would people most likely choose a particular brand?
Answer: .
4. What would happen if the number of people using the product increases?
Answer: .
PART B_7

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_8

PART C_1

Please construct sentences using each word below.

PART C_2

product Example: The store will introduce a new product.
Answer: .
quality Example: The employee does quality work.
Answer: .
benefit Example: The law will benefit the poor.
Answer: .
gain Example: Martha wants to gain new friends from the camp.
Answer: .
convenient Example: Sending text messages is more convenient than emails.
Answer: .
PART C_3

Now, let’s review some words from part C_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part C_2.)

PART C_4

PART D_1

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on your opinion. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.
(Please send the sentences that need grammar corrections to your student.)

PART D_2

1. Do you agree that people should choose a particular product if many people use it?
Answer: .
2. Do you think people should always prioritize the quality of a product?
Answer: .
3. Do you believe everything you see in the advertisement? Why or why not?
Answer: .
4. Do you agree that people should always see reviews first before buying a product?
Answer: .
5. Why do you think people choose popularity over quality?
Answer: .
6. What do you think should people always do first before buying a product?
Answer: .
7. What do you think makes a product best?
Answer: .
PART D_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART D_4

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