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13 Business Basics – Giving reasons or suggestions

単語を確認しよう!(VOCABULARY CHECK)
Let’s read the meaning and examples of each word aloud. Please repeat after me.
読んでみよう!(ANSWER)
1. sales target 売り上げ目標
words: [noun:名詞] a set goal for a salesperson or sales department
example: Ms. Nakano, please tell us about the sales target .
2. prospective 見込まれる
words: [noun:形容詞] potential, possible
example: For this month, we have two prospective clients.
3. initial offer 最初の提案
words: [noun:名詞] first offer from a salesperson to a client
example: I have already sent them the initial offer .
4. recommend 勧める
words: [noun:動詞] to advise or suggest
example: I recommend that you conduct your research on these two companies.
5. catalogue カタログ
words: [noun:名詞] list of items
example: You could personalize the catalogue according to their needs.
6. elaborate 詳しく述べる
words: [noun:動詞] to add further details
example: Could you please elaborate ?
7. insight 洞察
words: [noun:名詞、複数形 insights] clear or deep perception of a situation
example: Thank you for your insight s.
単語を使おう!(MAKE A SENTENCE)
Make sentences using the given vocabulary words.
文を作ってみよう!(ANSWER)
sales target
Answer:
prospective
Answer:
initial offer
Answer:
recommend
Answer:
catalogue
Answer:
elaborate
Answer:
insight
Answer:
音読問題(Reading)
We will read aloud the dialogue below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
読もう!(ANSWER)
Tutor: “Ms. Nakano, please tell us about the (1) sales target.
Do we have any (2) prospective clients for this month?”
Student: “For this month, we have two prospective clients who need additional office furniture
since they plan to expand their businesses.
I have already sent them the (3) initial offer.”
Tutor: “Sounds great. However, I (4) recommend that you conduct your research on
these two companies so that you could personalize the (5) catalogue according to
their needs. What do you think, Ms. Nakano?”
Student: I don’t see what you mean, sir. Could you please (6) elaborate?
Tutor: “What I mean is, you could try meeting the clients so you can find out
how we can help them. Clients will rely on us more if you are friendly with them.”
Student: Noted, sir. Thank you for your (7) insights.
穴埋め問題(Note-taking)
Read aloud, filling in the blanks as you remember the sentence you just read.
答えてみよう!(ANSWER)
Tutor: “Ms. Nakano, please tell us about the (1) __________.
Do we have any (2) ________clients for this month?”
Student: “For this month, we have two prospective clients who need additional office furniture
since they plan to expand their businesses.
I have already sent them the (3) ________.”
Tutor: “Sounds great. However, I (4) _________ that you conduct your research on
these two companies so that you could personalize the (5) ________ according to
their needs. What do you think, Ms. Nakano?”
Student: I don’t see what you mean, sir. Could you please (6) _________?
Tutor: “What I mean is, you could try meeting the clients so you can find out
how we can help them. Clients will rely on us more if you are friendly with them.”
Student: Noted, sir. Thank you for your (7) _________.
返答選択問題(Appropriate Response)
Your tutor will read the following statements.
Choose the appropriate response for each item.
問1(question 1)
Do we have any prospective clients for this month?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. No, we have two prospective clients for this month.
b. Yes, prospective competitors will generate our sales.
c. Yes, we have two prospective clients for this month.
d. No, the market for furniture will be saturated.
問2(question 2)
What do the prospective clients need?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. The prospective clients need more office furniture.
b. The prospective investors must take care of the cats.
c. The prospective cliques need more popularity.
d. The prospective climate change looks dire.
問3(question 3)
Have you sent them the initial offer?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. Yes, the initial offer was $5000.
b. Yes, I have already sent them the initial offer.
c. No, I rejected the offer.
d. No, the initial offer was not sent.
問4(question 4)
What would be the best recommendation to meet your sales target?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. I commend you on your negotiation skills.
b. I command the team to investigate the scene.
c. I recommend the apple pie to them.
d. I recommend that you conduct your research on these companies.
問5(question 5)
I don’t see what you mean. Could you please elaborate?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. What I mean is, you could try meeting the clients.
b. What I mean is, elaborate is detailed.
c. What I mean is, the preparations are elaborate.
d. What I mean is, it’s not necessary.

14 Business Basics – Initiating Task

単語を確認しよう!(VOCABULARY CHECK)
Let’s read the meaning and examples of each word aloud. Please repeat after me.
読んでみよう!(ANSWER)
1. concept 概念、考え
words: [noun:名詞] an idea
example: I’m having a hard time coming up with a concept .
2. brainstorming ブレインストーミング
words: [noun:名詞] a group discussion to solve problems
example: Can we do the brainstorming right now?
3. initiating 開始する
words: [noun:動詞] to begin
example: Thank you for initiating this.
4. communicate コミュニケーションをとる
words: [noun:動詞] to share or exchange information/ideas
example: I will also communicate with another department.
5. theme テーマ
words: [noun:名詞] a topic
example: What’s the theme for this year’s presentation?
6. checklist チェックリスト
words: [noun:名詞] a list of things to be done
example: I’ll also prepare a checklist of the things that we might need.
7. approach 近づく
words: [noun:動詞] come near
example: Please feel free to approach me if you need anything.
単語を使おう!(MAKE A SENTENCE)
Make sentences using the given vocabulary words.
文を作ってみよう!(ANSWER)
concept
Answer:
brainstorming
Answer:
initiating
Answer:
communicate
Answer:
theme
Answer:
checklist
Answer:
approach
Answer:
音読問題(Reading)
We will read aloud the dialogue below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
読もう!(ANSWER)
Tutor: “Hello, Beth! I’m having a hard time coming up with (1) concept.
I have some ideas though I don’t know how to start.
Can we do the (2) brainstorming right now?”
Student: “Oh hi, Melissa! Thank you for (3) initiating this.
Yes, I have some ideas I’d like to share with you, too.”
Tutor: Go ahead. Hopefully, a better idea or concept would spring up after this.
Student: “I agree. I will also (4) communicate with another department for the number of
participants and this year’s presentation (5) theme.”
Tutor: I think it’s better if we write down our ideas so we won’t forget anything.
Student: “You’re right. I’ll also prepare a (6) checklist of the things that we might need.
Please feel free to (7) approach me if you need anything.”
穴埋め問題(Note-taking)
Read aloud, filling in the blanks as you remember the sentence you just read.
答えてみよう!(ANSWER)
Tutor: “Hello, Beth! I’m having a hard time coming up with (1) ________.
I have some ideas though I don’t know how to start.
Can we do the (2) ________right now?”
Student: “Oh hi, Melissa! Thank you for (3) ________ this.
Yes, I have some ideas I’d like to share with you, too.”
Tutor: Go ahead. Hopefully, a better idea or concept would spring up after this.
Student: “I agree. I will also (4) _______ with another department for the number of participants
and this year’s presentation (5) ______.”
Tutor: I think it’s better if we write down our ideas so we won’t forget anything.
Student: “You’re right. I’ll also prepare a (6) ________ of the things that we might need.
Please feel free to (7) ________ me if you need anything. ”
返答選択問題(Appropriate Response)
Your tutor will read the following statements.
Choose the appropriate response for each item.
問1(question 1)
Can we do the brainstorming right now?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. Yes, I have some ideas I’d like to share with you, too.
b. Actually, I don’t know where he went.
c. I just broke my laptop yesterday.
d. I’ll be leaving tomorrow night for Tokyo.
問2(question 2)
Hopefully, a better idea or concept would spring up after this.
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. Break a leg!
b. Proceed.
c. I agree.
d. You’re wrong.
問3(question 3)
I have some ideas I’d like to share with you, too.
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. It doesn’t matter.
b. Go ahead.
c. Keep me posted.
d. I haven’t heard that before.
問4(question 4)
I think it’s better if we write down our ideas so we won’t forget anything.
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. I’m confused.
b. Let’s have coffee.
c. I don’t know.
d. You’re right.
問5(question 5)
Please feel free to approach me if you need anything.
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. You’re really dependable.
b. Are you sure?
c. Are you alright?
d. You’re not here.

15 Business Basics – Reporting task update

単語を確認しよう!(VOCABULARY CHECK)
Let’s read the meaning and examples of each word aloud. Please repeat after me.
読んでみよう!(ANSWER)
1. follow up 追求する
words: [noun:動詞] to ask for an update or progress of a task or request
example: I would like to follow up on the research I assigned to you.
2. encounter 出会う
words: [noun:動詞] to come upon or meet with unexpectedly;to experience something
example: Did you encounter any problems?
3. data データ
words: [noun:名詞] individual facts, statistics, or items of information
example: Data gathering is challenging. data
4. progress 進捗
words: [noun:名詞] a movement toward a goal
example: Kindly give me regular updates on your progress .
5. error エラー
words: [noun:名詞] a mistake
example: I can schedule a revision of this research if there are any error s.
6. revision 修正
words: [noun:名詞] the act of editing and correcting
example: I can schedule a revision of this research if there are any errors.
7. drop by 立ち寄る
words: [noun:動詞] to visit casually or unexpectedly
example: I will drop by your office.
単語を使おう!(MAKE A SENTENCE)
Make sentences using the given vocabulary words.
文を作ってみよう!(ANSWER)
follow up
Answer:
encounter
Answer:
data
Answer:
progress
Answer:
error
Answer:
revision
Answer:
drop by
Answer:
音読問題(Reading)
We will read aloud the dialogue below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
読もう!(ANSWER)
Tutor: “Good morning, Anya. I would like to (1) on the research I assigned to
you last Monday.”
Student: Good Morning, Ms. Morgan. I’m almost done. I just need to write the last 2 pages.
Tutor: Did you (2) any problems?
Student: “Although (3) gathering is challenging, my coworkers helped me data
throughout the process.”
Tutor: “Good to hear that. Kindly give me regular updates on your (4) progress
,so I can schedule a (5) of this research if there are any (6) revision errors.”
Student: Definitely. I will (7) your office after I finish this.
穴埋め問題(Note-taking)
Read aloud, filling in the blanks as you remember the sentence you just read.
答えてみよう!(ANSWER)
Tutor: “Good morning, Anya. I would like to (1) _________ on the research I assigned
to you last Monday.”
Student: Good Morning, Ms. Morgan. I’m almost done. I just need to write the last 2 pages.
Tutor: Did you (2) _________ any problems?
Student: “Although (3) __________ gathering is challenging, my coworkers helped me
throughout the process.”
Tutor: “Good to hear that. Kindly give me regular updates on your (4) _________,
so I can schedule this research a (5) _________ if there are any (6) __________.”
Student: Definitely. I will (7) __________ your office after I finish this.
返答選択問題(Appropriate Response)
Your tutor will read the following statements.
Choose the appropriate response for each item.
問1(question 1)
I would like to follow up on the research I assigned to you.
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. Sure! I’m almost done.
b. No, it is.
c. No, I’m okay.
d. Sure, I’m not.
問2(question 2)
Did you encounter any problems?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. Yes, I don’t have.
b. Yes, I haven’t, but it went well.
c. None, everything’s fine.
d. None, everything are done well.
問3(question 3)
Kindly give me regular updates on your progress.
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. Sure! I can’t give you after I do this.
b. Definitely.
c. Okay. Wait an hour.
d. Please wait there.
問4(question 4)
Kindly help me on revisions and errors.
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. I can’t do help you.
b. I can help you maybe.
c. Sure. I could let that happen.
d. I can help you after I’m done with this.
問5(question 5)
Can I drop by your office later?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. I’m not busy.
b. Sure, you will.
c. I’m not sure, but they’ll see.
d. Sure, you can.

16 Business Basics – Going for a lunch break

単語を確認しよう!(VOCABULARY CHECK)
Let’s read the meaning and examples of each word aloud. Please repeat after me.
読んでみよう!(ANSWER)
1. (something/it is) on me おごりで
words: [noun:イディオム] means “I will pay the bill.”
example: Okay, your lunch is on me. (something/it is) on me
2. grateful 感謝して
words: [noun:形用詞] feeling thankful or showing thanks
example: I’m truly grateful .
3. starve 飢える
words: [noun:動詞, 現在分詞 starving] to suffer extreme hunger
example: You won’t be able to work properly if you are starving. starve
4. cafeteria 食堂
words: [noun:名詞] a place where people get food
example: Let’s take our lunch at the cafeteria .
5. tight きつい
words: [noun:形容詞] limited; low in supply
example: I’m on a tight budget.
6. inexpensive 安価な
words: [noun:形容詞] low in price; cheap
example: I will have something inexpensive .
7. budget 予算
words: [noun:名詞] an amount of money available for spending
example: I’m on a tight budget .
単語を使おう!(MAKE A SENTENCE)
Make sentences using the given vocabulary words.
文を作ってみよう!(ANSWER)
(something/it is) on me
Answer:
grateful
Answer:
starve
Answer:
cafeteria
Answer:
tight
Answer:
inexpensive
Answer:
budget
Answer:
音読問題(Reading)
We will read aloud the dialogue below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
読もう!(ANSWER)
Tutor: Kate, it’s break time. Let’s take our lunch at the (1) cafeteria.
Student: Sure, Sandy. What are you having?
Tutor: I’ll have some curry rice and dessert. What about you?
Student: “I’m not sure. I’m on a (2) tight (3) budget.
I will have something (4) inexpensive.”
Tutor: “Oh, I see. Okay, your lunch is (5) on me.
You won’t be able to work properly if you are (6) starving.”
Student: Really? Thank you, Sandy. I’m truly (7) grateful.
穴埋め問題(Note-taking)
Read aloud, filling in the blanks as you remember the sentence you just read.
答えてみよう!(ANSWER)
Tutor: Kate, it’s break time. Let’s take our lunch at the (1) _________.
Student: Sure, Sandy. What are you having?
Tutor: I’ll have some curry rice and dessert. What about you?
Student: “I’m not sure. I’m on a (2) _______ (3) _______.
I will have something (4) ____________.”
Tutor: “Oh, I see. Okay, your lunch is (5) _______.
You won’t be able to work properly if you are (6) ________.”
Student: Really? Thank you, Sandy. I’m truly (7) _______.
返答選択問題(Appropriate Response)
Your tutor will read the following statements.
Choose the appropriate response for each item.
問1(question 1)
I’ll have some curry rice and dessert. What about you?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. I will have something inexpensive.
b. Please take care.
c. Good stuff is coming our way.
d. Yes, I do.
問2(question 2)
Okay, your lunch is on me.
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. Yes!
b. You’re welcome.
c. Thank you.
d. Good bye.
問3(question 3)
Sure. What are you having?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. I’m not hungry yet.
b. I’ll have something else.
c. I’ll have some curry rice and dessert.
d. Let’s eat together.
問4(question 4)
I’m on a tight budget.
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. Go home.
b. Your lunch is on me.
c. I’m sorry.
d. Thank you.
問5(question 5)
You’re welcome. I know you’d do the same for me.
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. I sure would.
b. I don’t know.
c. I don’t think so.
d. No way!

17 Business Basics – Drinking after work

単語を確認しよう!(VOCABULARY CHECK)
Let’s read the meaning and examples of each word aloud. Please repeat after me.
読んでみよう!(ANSWER)
1. deadline 期限、締め切り
words: [noun:名詞] a date or time when something must be finished
example: Drinking after work is the perfect way to forget our deadline s for a while.
2. reserved 予約した
words: [noun:形用詞] kept for use by a particular person or group in a certain time
example: We have already reserved seats in the yakitori shop.
3. I’m in. 参加します
words: [noun:イディオム] another way of saying ‘count me in’,which means ‘include me’
example: Are you going to the party? I’m in! I’m in.
4. block かたまり
words: [noun:名詞、複数形 blocks] a building, especially part of a complex
example: We have already reserved seats in the yakitori shop just a few block s away from here.
5. go dutch 割り勘でいく
words: [noun:イディオム] share the cost of something
example: We’re going dutch. go dutch
6. range 範囲
words: [noun:名詞] limits
example: I guess it will range from ¥ 3,000 to ¥10,000.
7. foot the bill 支払う
words: [noun:イディオム] to pay for something
example: Since our boss is joining, let’s hope he’ll foot the bill .
単語を使おう!(MAKE A SENTENCE)
Make sentences using the given vocabulary words.
文を作ってみよう!(ANSWER)
deadline
Answer:
reserved
Answer:
I’m in.
Answer:
block
Answer:
go dutch
Answer:
range
Answer:
foot the bill
Answer:
音読問題(Reading)
We will read aloud the dialogue below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
読もう!(ANSWER)
Tutor: “Daichi-san, there’s a drinking party tonight at 8. Mr. Yamatsu, the managers,
and some of the staff will be there.”
Student: “Yes, I’ve heard about that. Drinking after work is the perfect way to forget
our (1) deadlines for a while and just relax.”
Tutor: “Yes, I’ve heard about that. Drinking after work is the perfect way to forget
our (1) deadlines for a while and just relax.”
Student: Sure. (4) I’m in! How much do you think will it cost me?
Tutor: “We’re (5) going dutch. I guess it will (6) range from ¥ 3,000 to ¥10,000.
Since our boss is joining, let’s hope he’ll (7) foot the bill.”
Student: I hope so. I’m sure everybody will enjoy the party tonight.
穴埋め問題(Note-taking)
Read aloud, filling in the blanks as you remember the sentence you just read.
答えてみよう!(ANSWER)
Tutor: “Daichi-san, there’s a drinking party tonight at 8. Mr. Yamatsu the managers,
and some of the staff will be there.”
Student: “Yes, I’ve heard about that. Drinking after work is the perfect way to forget
our (1) __________ for a while and just relax.”
Tutor: “True. We have already (2) __________ seats in the yakitori shop
just a few (3) __________ away from here. We can leave together if you want.”
Student: Sure. (4) _________! How much do you think will it cost me?
Tutor: “We’re (5) __________. I guess it will (6) _________ from ¥ 3,000 to ¥10,000.
Since our boss is joining, let’s hope he’ll (7)________.”
Student: I hope so. I’m sure everybody will enjoy the party tonight.
返答選択問題(Appropriate Response)
Your tutor will read the following statements.
Choose the appropriate response for each item.
問1(question 1)
Who’s joining the party tonight?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. It’s great to join the party.
b. The managers and some of the staff will be there.
c. The whole department will go.
d. I think they can’t join.
問2(question 2)
It’s the perfect way to forget deadlines and just relax.
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. I think it’s going to be boring.
b. That’s interesting!
c. Seem wrong!
d. I agree with you.
問3(question 3)
Do you want to leave together with us?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. I have another plan next week.
b. Of course, I won’t!
c. Yes, that would be nice!
d. Sometimes.
問4(question 4)
How much do you think will it cost me?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. That’s very cheap.
b. Too expensive.
c. It’s cheap for you.
d. I guess it will range from ¥ 3,000 to ¥10,000.
問5(question 5)
Who will foot the bill for the party tonight?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. Hopefully, our boss will.
b. She will be joining.
c. Sometimes, our boss is.
d. Rarely, our boss.

18 Business Basics – Asking for directions

単語を確認しよう!(VOCABULARY CHECK)
Let’s read the meaning and examples of each word aloud. Please repeat after me.
読んでみよう!(ANSWER)

#VALUE!

1. excuse 許す
words: [noun:動詞] politely getting someone’s attention
example: Excuse me. Could you tell me where the accounting department is? excuse
2. disturb 妨げる
words: [noun:動詞] stop someone from doing something
example: I’m sorry to disturb you.
3. secretary 秘書
words: [noun:名詞] person who handles routine work in the office
example: I am the new office secretary .
4. deliver 届ける
words: [noun:動詞] to bring something to someone
example: My boss asked me to deliver this to Ms. Williams.
5. ledger 元帳
words: [noun:名詞] a book or collection of financial accounts
example: Ms. Williams needs the ledger now.
6. around 周り
words: [noun:副詞] close to a place
example: See you around the office.
7.  
words: [noun:]
example:
単語を使おう!(MAKE A SENTENCE)
Make sentences using the given vocabulary words.
文を作ってみよう!(ANSWER)
excuse
Answer:
disturb
Answer:
secretary
Answer:
deliver
Answer:
ledger
Answer:
around
Answer:
Answer:
音読問題(Reading)
We will read aloud the dialogue below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
読もう!(ANSWER)
Tutor: “(1) Excuse me. I’m sorry to (2) disturb you, but could you please tell me
where the accounting department is?”
Student: “Sure, no problem. Go up the stairs to the third floor, then turn right.
The second door is their office. Are you a new employee?
I haven’t seen you here before.”
Tutor: “Yes, I’m the new (3) secretary of Mr. Brown. By the way, my name is ______ and
I’m from the purchasing department.
My boss asked me to (4) deliver these (5) ledgers to Ms. Williams.”
Student: “Oh, yes! She’s the accounting manager. I’m ______. Nice to meet you
and welcome to the company.”
Tutor: “Thank you so much for your help, ______. It’s nice meeting you, too.
I better get going. My boss said Ms. Williams needs these right now.”
Student: You are welcome _______. See you (6) around then.
穴埋め問題(Note-taking)
Read aloud, filling in the blanks as you remember the sentence you just read.
答えてみよう!(ANSWER)
Tutor: “(1) ________ me. I’m sorry to (2)________ you, but could you please tell me
where the accounting department is?”
Student: “Sure, no problem. Go up the stairs to the third floor, then turn right.
The second door is their office. Are you a new employee?
I haven’t seen you here before.”
Tutor: “Yes, I’m the new (3) ________ of Mr. Brown. By the way, my name is ______ and
I’m from the purchasing department.
My boss asked me to (4) ________ these (5) ________ to Ms. Williams.”
Student: “Oh, yes! She’s the accounting manager. I’m ______. Nice to meet you,
and welcome to the company.”
Tutor: “Thank you so much for your help, ______. It’s nice meeting you, too.
I better get going. My boss said Ms. Williams needs these right now.”
Student: You are welcome _______. See you (6) ________ then.
返答選択問題(Appropriate Response)
Your tutor will read the following statements.
Choose the appropriate response for each item.
問1(question 1)
Excuse me, could you please tell me where the accounting department is?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. No, I’m busy.
b. Okay.
c. No, just ask the waiter.
d. Sure, no problem.
問2(question 2)
Are you a new employee? I haven’t seen you here before.
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. I am new yesterday.
b. Yes, I’m the new secretary here.
c. No, of course.
d. Yes, I’m a veteran.
問3(question 3)
My name is Karli and I’m from the purchasing department.
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. Hi, Karli.
b. Thanks.
c. Hello!
d. I’m Marie. Nice to meet you.
問4(question 4)
I’m Marie. Nice to meet you.
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. Good bye, Marie.
b. Thanks to you.
c. It’s nice meeting you, too.
d. Same here, Marie.
問5(question 5)
Thank you so much for your help.
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. I apologize.
b. You are welcome.
c. Okay then.
d. Next time.

Going through airport immigration

単語を確認しよう!(VOCABULARY CHECK)
Let’s read the meaning and examples of each word aloud. Please repeat after me.
読んでみよう!(ANSWER)
1. data capture 情報取り込み
words: [noun:名詞] the action or process of gathering data
example: Put your index fingers on our biometric reader for data capture .
2. convention 大会、代表者会議
words: [noun:名詞] a meeting of people for a common purpose
example: I will attend a business convention .
3. index finger 人差し指
words: [noun:名詞] the finger next to the thumb
example: Put your index finger s on our biometric reader.
4. disembarkation card 入国カード
words: [noun:名詞] a document used by immigration authorities to obtain information about an incoming passenger
example: May I see your passport and disembarkation card , please?
5. biometric reader 生体識別リーダー
words: [noun:名詞] an electronic device used to determine a person’s identity
example: Put your index fingers on our biometric reader for data capture.
6. all set 準備完了
words: [noun:イディオム] prepared; ready
example: You’re all set .
7. nature of visit 訪問の目的
words: [noun:イディオム] purpose of visit
example: Could you tell me the nature of your visit? nature of visit
単語を使おう!(MAKE A SENTENCE)
Make sentences using the given vocabulary words.
文を作ってみよう!(ANSWER)
data capture
Answer:
convention
Answer:
index finger
Answer:
disembarkation card
Answer:
biometric reader
Answer:
all set
Answer:
nature of visit
Answer:
音読問題(Reading)
We will read aloud the dialogue below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
読もう!(ANSWER)
Tutor: Konnichiwa! May I see your passport and (1) disembarkation card ?
Student: Hello! Here you go.

Tutor: Thank you. Could you tell me the (2) nature of your visit? How long are you staying?
Student: I will attend a business (3) convention. I will be staying here for three days.
Tutor: “Okay, please look at the camera,
and put your (4) index fingers on our (5) biometric reader for (6) data capture.
After this, you’re (7) all set. Enjoy your stay!”
Student:
穴埋め問題(Note-taking)
Read aloud, filling in the blanks as you remember the sentence you just read.
答えてみよう!(ANSWER)
Tutor: Konnichiwa! May I see your passport and (1) ___________?
Student: Hello! Here you go.
Tutor: Thank you. Could you tell me the (2) ___________? How long are you staying?
Student: I will attend a business (3) ___________. I will be staying here for three days.
Tutor: “Okay, please look at the camera,
and put your (4) ___________ on our (5) ___________ for (6) __________.
After this, you’re (7) ___________. Enjoy your stay!”
Student:
返答選択問題(Appropriate Response)
Your tutor will read the following statements.
Choose the appropriate response for each item.
問1(question 1)
May I see your passport?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. I see.
b. You’re welcome.
c. Thank you.
d. Here you go.
問2(question 2)
What is the nature of your visit?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. I’m still unsure.
b. I will ask my recruiter.
c. I will attend a business convention.
d. I will put up a company.
問3(question 3)
How long are you staying?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. I am an immigrant.
b. I will be staying here for three days.
c. As long as I want.
d. Thank you.
問4(question 4)
Enjoy your stay!
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. Thank you so much, officer.
b. No, thanks.
c. Have an awful day.
d. Yes, you may.
問5(question 5)
Here, don’t forget your passport.
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. Go!
b. Good bye.
c. Thank you so much.
d. You’re welcome.

20 Business Interaction – Participating in a meeting

便利な表現(Useful Expressions)
Read aloud the vocabulary words.
音読しよう!(ANSWER)
transcribe (v.)
minutes (n.)
unbiased (adj.)
resolution (n.)
minute taker (n.)
便利な表現(Useful Expressions)
Read aloud and complete the sentences.
適当な単語を選んで文章を読みましょう!(ANSWER)
1. The _________ for the client meeting was stuck in traffic.
2. To _________ an audio recording is challenging.
3. You’re assigned to take the _________ of the meeting.
4. No _________ was made due to disagreements between stakeholders.
5. In decision-making, we should be _________ and consider every factor, given that it’s not what we initially wanted.
対話問題(Dialogue)
Read the whole dialogue with your tutor.
Fill in the blanks with the words you just learned.
答えてみよう!(ANSWER)
Tutor: Good morning, Mr. Owada. I was told by my boss to be the (1) ________ for the meeting. What does he mean?
Student: Ms. Lee, being the minute taker is an important role at work.
Tutor: Okay, what will I do at the meeting later, then?
Student: Your task is to listen carefully to the details of the meeting then (2)________ as much as you can.

Tutor: Noted, sir. Would that be all?
Student: Yes. Please pay attention until a (3) ____________ is made.
Tutor: My boss told me that I should be (4)________ in writing the minutes. Is there a recommended format?
Student: The (5)________ of the meeting is a business document so you have to write formally. Also, please take note of the time, the attendees, and the next steps.
Tutor: Thank you, Mr. Owada. I have to go now. The meeting will start in 30 minutes.
Student: You’re welcome, Ms. Lee. Good luck with your first meeting.

聞き取り問題(Listening Comprehension)
Listen to your tutor as he/she reads a passage twice.
Then, answer your tutor’s question.
質問(Question)
According to the passage, why is effective listening important?
聞き取り問題(Listening Comprehension)
Text read out by the tutor
先ほどの質問に答えよう!(ANSWER)
ディスカッション(Discussion)
Read the following text aloud. Then, answer your tutor’s question.
音読しよう!(ANSWER)
You are the manager of a family restaurant which is in the brink of closure. To prevent the restaurant from closing, you decided to have a meeting with your employees to gather their inputs. On the day of the meeting, two of your employees are absent without notification. Knowing this, you still decided to push through with the meeting. During the meeting, some of your employees are chatting while the others are playing with their phones. What can you do to get their attention and focus on the matter at hand?
質問(Question)
How do you deal with the situation?
答えよう!(ANSWER)

19 Business Interaction – Exchanging Opinions

便利な表現(Useful Expressions)
Read aloud the vocabulary words.
音読しよう!(ANSWER)
see eye to eye (idiom)
expound (v.)
proposition (n.)
target market (n.)
ahead of the curve (idiom)
便利な表現(Useful Expressions)
Read aloud and complete the sentences.
適当な単語を選んで文章を読みましょう!(ANSWER)
1. The _________ had been defined by the manager so we carry out our advertising plans right away.
2. Robbin stands by his _________ to air advertisements on TV.
3. When asked to _________ on his idea, he made no comment.
4. My father’s business has always been succesful because he’s always _________ in business.
5. They seem to _________ on most important issues in their company.
対話問題(Dialogue)
Read the whole dialogue with your tutor.
Fill in the blanks with the words you just learned.
答えてみよう!(ANSWER)
Tutor: Good morning, Ms. Amber. Is everything fine?
Student: Hi, Ruth. I’d like to discuss with you about the upcoming campaign of our newest product.
Tutor: I see. May I know the (1)________?
Student: We will introduce our new deodorant to females ages from 18- 35. I’m thinking of advertising this product on the radio. What do you think?
Tutor: I’m afraid I can’t agree with your (2)________. We should use appropriate media that our target market are most likely to interact to. I recommend to have placement on print and television.
Student: I don’t quite follow you. What exactly do you mean? Kindly (3)________ your suggestion.
Tutor: Well, our target market is more exposed on print and television. We should put our advertisements on television since women like to watch dramas at night. They are also highly exposed on print media especially magazines.
Student: I must admit I never thought about the media of advertisement that way before. I am thankful that you were able to share your ideas. You made me see a new perspective on this.
Tutor: We need to be (4)________ with our competitors. Since we are going to promote our newest deodorant, we need to make our target market learn about its benefits & how this particular product fits with their lifestyle.
Student: I (5)________ with you on that. That was a great recommendation, Ruth. Let’s discuss our next steps on this campaign next week.
Tutor: Thank you, Ms. Amber. I am glad that I was able to help you.
聞き取り問題(Listening Comprehension)
Listen to your tutor as he/she reads a passage twice.
Then, answer your tutor’s question.
質問(Question)
According to the passage, how are you going to make your opinions heard?
聞き取り問題(Listening Comprehension)
Text read out by the tutor
先ほどの質問に答えよう!(ANSWER)
ディスカッション(Discussion)
Read the following text aloud. Then, answer your tutor’s question.
音読しよう!(ANSWER)
During a meeting in your department, the Human Resources Director announced that she will be proposing to the CEO the idea of having a flexible time schedule in the company. You completely disagree on her idea since you think that having a flexible time schedule would make the employees inefficient in their work. The Human Resources Director asked for you to explain your idea.
質問(Question)
How do you deal with the situation?
答えよう!(ANSWER)

18 Business Interaction – Relaying of Information

便利な表現(Useful Expressions)
Read aloud the vocabulary words.
音読しよう!(ANSWER)
recruitment (n.)
applicant (n.)
accurate (adj.)
tentative (adj.)
business as usual (idiom)
便利な表現(Useful Expressions)
Read aloud and complete the sentences.
適当な単語を選んで文章を読みましょう!(ANSWER)
1. Despite the typhoon, it is __________ in the office.
2. The __________ of additional employees was cancelled.
3. I don’t need the __________ number; an estimate is enough.
4. Out of 13 __________, only 5 passed the initial interview.
5. Since the committee has not decided yet, the venue for the convention stays __________.
対話問題(Dialogue)
Read the whole dialogue with your tutor.
Fill in the blanks with the words you just learned.
答えてみよう!(ANSWER)
Tutor: (Ms. Elvington of Recruitment Team enters the Training Department office…)Good Afternoon, Ms. Elvington. How is the (1) of production operators going?
Student: Good Afternoon, Ms. Miura. It’s been going smoothly. As a matter if fact, I’m here to talk to you about the number of successful (2) to be trained next month. Do you have a second?
Tutor: Definitely. We’re actually looking forward to receiving (3) details, so we can start with the initial preparations.
Student: Is that so? Well, my timing is perfect, then. Okay, please refer to this chart.
Tutor: (Ms. Elvington hands over a document…)Hmm… So, we are to expect a total of 48 trainees. Did I get it right?
Student: You’re right. We will be endorsing 23 trainees on May 3, 11 trainees on May 5, and 14 more on May 21 – a total of 48 trainees.
Tutor: Got it. When is the deployment of successful trainees?
Student: We are still waiting for the confirmation from the production team, but the (4) deployment is on June 7th.
Tutor: I’ll take note of that. Should there be any changes, please do inform us.
Student: Certainly, but for now it’s (5) in our processes.
聞き取り問題(Listening Comprehension)
Listen to your tutor as he/she reads a passage twice.
Then, answer your tutor’s question.
質問(Question)
According to the passage, what could dissemination of vague details lead to?
聞き取り問題(Listening Comprehension)
Text read out by the tutor
先ほどの質問に答えよう!(ANSWER)
ディスカッション(Discussion)
Read the following text aloud. Then, answer your tutor’s question.
音読しよう!(ANSWER)
Your boss asked you to relay some changes concerning tomorrow’s presentation to your coworker. While waiting for your coworker, you received an important call. Your coworker finally arrived, but you were still on the phone. After the call, you realized that your coworker has left and put a note on your desk saying he was going to meet a client which might extend after office hours.
質問(Question)
How do you deal with the situation?
答えよう!(ANSWER)

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