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TOEFL Task6 実践問題 1

PART A_1

Let’s introduce ourselves to each other.

PART A_2

My name is ________________. What is your name?

PART A_3

I am ________________. Nice to meet you.

PART A_4

Nice to meet you too, ________________. Let’s begin our lesson!

PART B_1

I will read aloud the lecture below. Please listen and take notes.

PART B_2

It’s estimated that by 2050, our population will reach 9.8 billion which is 1.6 billion more than the current population. By then, the areas that are currently used for agriculture will soon be dry due to lack of rain. In today’s lecture, I’d like to introduce two types of plants: succulents and annuals. They are expected to solve the anticipated lack of food.
Succulents are plants that store water in leaves, stems, and roots. They adapt to dry climates or soil conditions. Cacti are the most famous succulents. In general, plants lose water when they breathe through their leaves, so the bigger the surface area of their leaves, the bigger amount of water turns into steam. Cacti minimize the use of their leaves and breathe through their stems instead. Also, these plants breathe only at night to store water.
Annuals are plants that can complete its full life cycle in one growing season. Many annual plants grow from seeds, complete their life cycle quickly during the rainy season, and survive in the form of seeds in the following dry season. These plants are not affected by extreme dry conditions. Annual plants are common in semi-dry places where rainy season is of short duration.
What I have shown you may solve the possibility of food shortage in the coming years. However, we still need to look at it from different angles. Furthermore, the natural phenomena that took place in the past 40 million years could serve as an implication on how we can survive in the future.

PART B_3

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the lecture. You have 20 seconds for preparation and 60 seconds for answering. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART B_4

Using the information and examples from the lecture, talk about why the mentioned types of plants are expected to solve the anticipated lack of food.
Answer:
PART B_5

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_6

PART B_7

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART B_8

The professor is talking about population increase and the anticipated lack of food. By then, the areas that are currently used for agriculture will soon be dry due to lack of rain. According to the professor, there are plants which are expected to solve the anticipated lack of food. The professor introduces two types of plants: succulents and annuals.
First, the professor gives an explanation about succulents that can adapt to dry climates or soil conditions. They store water in leaves, stems, and roots. Also, the professor introduces cacti as an example of a succulent and explains how they store water.
Second, the professor gives an explanation of the annuals that can complete its full life cycle in one growing season. The professor also introduces annuals as an example of plants that are common in semi-dry places where the rainy season is of short duration because they are unaffected by extreme dry conditions.
In this short lecture, I learned that succulents and annuals are unusual plants that can live in dry or semi-dry climates.

PART C_1

I will read aloud the lecture below. Please listen and take notes.

PART C_2

Have you ever paid attention to natural materials? The materials that can be found in plants, insects, and animals. What comes to your mind when you hear natural materials? Maybe you’re thinking of cotton, silk, and leather. These are correct, but today I’ll introduce the two strongest natural materials. The first strongest material is from plants, and the other one is from insects.
The first material is a nanofiber called nanocrystalline cellulose. It can be found in sequoia trees. A sequoia tree is usually 80 meters tall. It can carry hundreds of tons of weight and can live for 400 to 1,300 years. It is said that the nanocrystalline cellulose can bear 10 times more weight than steel. We can make strong shirts and gloves when we mix this strong material with an existing one.
In insects, cat fleas have the strongest materials in their body. It is an elastomeric protein called resilin. Resilin is a rubber-like protein and is the most flexible one in the world. When this rubber is squeezed or stretched, it will lose almost no energy. The flexible nature of resilin enables cat fleas to jump 100 times higher than their height.
If we extract these two materials’ DNA, we can create the strongest material. It can be used in cell phone cases, protective clothes, and sportswear. However, the reason why we focus on these materials is that they can improve medical items like artificial bones or artificial internal organs. Studying these materials can give people better options.

PART C_3

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the lecture. You have 20 seconds for preparation and 60 seconds for answering. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART C_4

Using the examples and information from the lecture, talk about how nanocrystalline cellulose and resilin could improve our life.
Answer:
PART C_5

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_6

PART C_7

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART C_8

The professor is talking about materials in nature. According to the professor, these materials can be found in plants, insects, and animals. The professor introduces 2 materials as examples of materials in nature. One is nanocrystalline cellulose and the other one is resilin.
First, the professor explains that nanocrystalline cellulose is a strong material from plants. Also, the professor mentions how we can benefit from this material.
Second, the professor explains that resilin is a strong material from insects. The professor explained why cat fleas can jump high.
Through this lecture, I learned that nanocrystalline cellulose and resilin are strong materials that can be found in nature and they could improve our daily lives.

PART D_1

Now, let’s do a free talk about the following topic.
(Please do a free talk if you have time left.)

PART D_2

Please explain why population increases.
Give two examples to support your opinion.

PART D_3

Task6 練習問題 2_1

PART A_1

Let’s introduce ourselves to each other.

PART A_2

My name is ________________. What is your name?

PART A_3

I am ________________. Nice to meet you.

PART A_4

Nice to meet you too, ________________. Let’s begin our lesson!

PART B_1

Please read aloud the lecture below.

PART B_2

More than 50 million people die worldwide due to diseases that are left undetected. There are various medical screening tests available. Do you know people’s health could be revealed by breath analyzers? The human breath is composed of hundreds of components which are called volatile compounds. These components are released every time a person exhales. By doing breath analysis using sensors, these volatile organic compounds in people’s breath could be analyzed to detect certain diseases in their early stages.
The technology advancement using breath analyzers has two major benefits. First, the breath analyzer could be integrated into a small handheld device which could be used to test people in various settings in a noninvasive and simple way. So, a visit to the doctor would not be required. An example of this is the alcohol breath tester which is being used by police officers to check the level of alcohol in a person’s breath. It could be used anytime and anywhere.
Second, the breath analyzer could be used to screen many diseases at the same time. For example, cancer and diabetes could be detected at the same time instead of doing two different tests which are usually more expensive and require more screening time which makes diseases worse.

PART B_3

Now, I will read aloud the lecture above. Please listen and take notes.

PART B_4

I will ask the following question. Please answer based on the lecture. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART B_5

1. What was the professor talking about in the lecture? Please tell the main idea of the lecture.
Answer: The professor was talking about .
According to the professor, .
PART B_6

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_7

PART B_8

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART B_9

The professor was talking about the benefits of breath analysis which could reveal people’s health. According to the passage, by doing breath analysis using sensors, these volatile organic compounds in people’s breath could be analyzed to detect certain diseases in their early stages.
PART B_10

I will ask another question. Please answer based on the lecture. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART B_11

2. What were the two supporting ideas introduced in the lecture? Please explain the first and second supporting ideas by using the example given.
Answer: The professor presents .
First, the professor .
Second, the professor .
PART B_12

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_13

PART B_14

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART B_15

The professor presented the two major benefits of using breath analyzers: The breath analyzer could be integrated into a small handheld device and it could be used to screen many diseases at the same time. First, the professor used the alcohol breath tester as an example. It is used to check the level of alcohol in a person’s breath. It is simple, noninvasive, and could be used anytime and anywhere. Second, the professor stated that the detection of diseases such as cancer and diabetes could be done at the same time as an example. It could be done instead of doing two different tests which are usually more expensive and require more screening time.
PART B_16

I will ask another question. Please answer based on the lecture. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART B_17

3. Please explain what you learned through this lecture.
Answer: Through this short lecture, I learned .
PART B_18

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_19

PART B_20

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART B_21

Through this short lecture, I learned that there were two major benefits in using the breath analyzer. It is simple, noninvasive, and could be used anytime and anywhere. I also learned that the detection of diseases could be done at the same time instead of doing two different tests which are usually more expensive and requires more screening time. These are the benefits of using breath analyzers to reveal people’s health.
PART C_1

Please read aloud the lecture below.

PART C_2

The average human body is composed of 55 to 60% water which regulates body temperature, lubricates the joints, and nourishes the brain. People lose two to three liters of water everyday through normal body functions such as breathing, urinating, bowel movements, and sweating, so it is important for the human body to compensate for the lost fluid. Maintaining a balanced water level in the body is important. Drinking eight glasses of water a day is the conventional way according to experts. But do you know that drinking a very small amount or too much water could harm the human body?
If the water level in a human body is not balanced, it could lead to two conditions. First, let us talk about dehydration which means low water levels in a human body caused by not enough consumption of fluids. The human body could detect this through the brain’s hypothalamus where the sensory receptors signal the release of anti-diuretic hormones. Once the hormones reach the kidneys, they are triggered to retain more water which causes dark and concentrated urine. Some examples of physical effects of dehydration are drop in skin moisture and signs of cognitive impairment.
The second condition is called over-hydration which is caused by consuming too much water in a very short time. The brain being over-hydrated slows down or even stops the release of anti-diuretic hormones into the blood which causes cells to swell. Some examples of the physical effects caused by over-hydration are vomiting and headache which happen during water intoxication.

PART C_3

Now, I will read aloud the lecture above. Please listen and take notes.

PART C_4

I will ask the following question. Please answer based on the lecture. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART C_5

1. What was the professor talking about in the lecture? Please tell the main idea of the lecture.
Answer: The professor was talking about .
According to the professor, .
PART C_6

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_7

PART C_8

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART C_9

The professor was talking about how drinking a very small amount or too much water could harm the human body. According to the professor, if the water level in a human body is not balanced, it could lead to conditions such as dehydration and over-hydration that could harm the human body.
PART C_10

I will ask another question. Please answer based on the lecture. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART C_11

2. What were the two supporting ideas introduced in the lecture? Please explain the first and second supporting ideas by using the example given.
Answer: The professor presents .
First, the professor .
Second, the professor .
PART C_12

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_13

PART C_14

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART C_15

The professor presented two conditions which are dehydration and over-hydration that are caused by not having a balanced water level in the body. First, the professor used a drop in skin moisture and signs of cognitive impairment as examples of physical effects caused by dehydration. He talked about dehydration which means low water levels in a human body caused by not enough consumption of fluids. Second, the professor stated some examples of physical effects caused by over-hydration such as headache and vomiting. He talked about over-hydration which was caused by consuming too much water in a very short time.
PART C_16

I will ask another question. Please answer based on the lecture. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART C_17

3. Please explain what you learned through this lecture.
Answer: Through this short lecture, I learned .
PART C_18

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_19

PART C_20

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART C_21

Through this short lecture, I learned that maintaining a balanced water level in the body is important to avoid conditions such as dehydration and over-hydration that could harm the body.
PART D_1

Now, let’s do a free talk about the following topic.
(Please do a free talk if you have time left.)

PART D_2

Please explain why people should have an annual medical checkup.
Give two examples to support your opinion.

PART D_3

Task6 練習問題 1_1

PART A_1

Let’s introduce ourselves to each other.

PART A_2

My name is ________________. What is your name?

PART A_3

I am ________________. Nice to meet you.

PART A_4

Nice to meet you too, ________________. Let’s begin our lesson!

PART B_1

Please read aloud the lecture below.

PART B_2

Have you ever wondered why our voices change as we grow older? Over the years, a human body undergoes a lot of changes. One of them is the depth of voice. There are two reasons as to why human voice changes over time: the age of vocal cords and the size of the larynx. The larynx or the voice box is a part of the respiratory system that is used to breathe, talk, and swallow. It is a system of different muscles that supports and moves the vocal cords inside it.
The age of a human’s vocal cords causes big changes. As a person ages, vocal cords ages too. People experience the first major shift in their voices when they are starting to become an adult. That’s the time when people’s voices start to deepen. That is a sign that the vocal cords are aging. Most people’s voices stay almost the same for about 50 years after the start of becoming an adult. However, as people grow older, they experience signs relating to an aging voice called presbyphonia.
Next is the size of the larynx. The voice is produced through the sound waves of the vocal cords. The bigger the vocal cords are, the deeper the voice is. Men have bigger larynges than women. This is the reason why men’s voices are bigger and deeper than that of women’s. When larynges and vocal cords grow, they create bigger sound waves which make people’s voices bigger and deeper as they age.

PART B_3

Now, I will read aloud the lecture above. Please listen and take notes.

PART B_4

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the lecture. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART B_5

1. What is the professor talking about in the lecture?
Answer: The professor is talking about .
2. What is the main idea of the lecture?
Answer: According to the professor, .
3. What are the two supporting ideas introduced in the lecture?
Answer: The professor presents .
4. Please explain the first supporting idea using the example given.
Answer: First, the professor .
5. Please explain the second supporting idea using the example given.
Answer: Second, the professor .
6. Please explain what you learned through this lecture.
Answer: Through this short lecture, I learned .
PART B_5

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_6

PART B_7

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART B_8

1. The professor is talking about the reasons why the human voice changes as people grow old.
2. According to the passage, a human body undergoes a lot of changes as people grow old and one of those changes is the depth of voice.
3. The professor presents the two reasons as to why human voices change over time: the age of the vocal cords and the size of the larynx.
4. First, the professor uses the start of becoming an adult as an example. He says that the start of becoming an adult is the time when people experience the first major shift in their voices. And that it is a sign that the vocal cords are aging.
5. Second, the professor differentiates the size of men and women’s larynges as an example. He explains that the larger size of men’s larynges is the reason why their voices are deeper than that of women’s.
6. Through this short lecture, I learned that there are two reasons as to why our voices change as we grow older. The age of our vocal cords deepens our voices and it starts before becoming an adult. I also learned that the depth of the voice depends on the size of the larynx. This is the reason why men have deeper voices than women.
PART C_1

Please read aloud the lecture below.

PART C_2

Are you aware of the autonomic nervous system? It is the part of the nervous system that works autonomously and controls certain body processes like blood pressure, pulse rate, and breathing. In this lesson, we will discuss the two main divisions of the autonomic nervous system which are the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions.
Let’s start with the sympathetic division. This division prepares the body for stress and emergency situations. It automatically controls the body’s response to any noticed threats. This division is associated with the fight or flight response. The fight or flight response represent the options that people have when they are in danger. The options are dealing with the threat (fight) or running away to safety (flight). When someone is frightened, the person’s heartbeat accelerates and the breathing becomes faster. This is to provide enough energy and oxygen to the body as it responds to danger.
Next is the parasympathetic division. This division keeps the body at rest and it is responsible for storing and conserving the body’s energy not for immediate but for future use. It slows down the pulse rate and starts the digestion. This division is associated with the rest and digest function. The rest and digest function represent the time when the blood pressure decreases, the pulse rate slows down and the digestion starts as the body is at rest. It controls the body processes during ordinary situations. For example, wanting to relax on a weekend while watching your favorite television show on a comfortable chair calls for the rest and digest function.

PART C_3

Now, I will read aloud the lecture above. Please listen and take notes.

PART C_4

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the lecture. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART C_5

1. What is the professor talking about in the lecture?
Answer: The professor is talking about .
2. What is the main idea of the lecture?
Answer: According to the professor, .
3. What are the two supporting ideas introduced in the lecture?
Answer: The professor presents .
4. Please explain the first supporting idea using the example given.
Answer: First, the professor .
5. Please explain the second supporting idea using the example given.
Answer: Second, the professor .
6. Please explain what you learned through this lecture.
Answer: Through this short lecture, I learned .
PART C_5

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_6

PART C_7

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART C_8

1. The professor is talking about the autonomic nervous system and what it does.
2. According to the professor, the autonomic nervous system is the part of the nervous system that works autonomously and controls certain body processes.
3. The professor presents the two main divisions of the autonomic nervous system which are the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions.
4. First, the professor provides the example of a person feeling frightened to explain how the sympathetic division works and what it really does. He explains that the sympathetic division is associated with the fight or flight response which gives people two options when facing threats.
5. Second, the professor provides the examples of a person relaxing on a weekend while watching his/her favorite television show on a comfortable chair. He explains that the parasympathetic division is associated with the rest and digest function.
6. Through this short lecture, I learned that the sympathetic division is responsible for the body’s response to noticed threats or danger. It provides immediate usage of energy. I also learned that the parasympathetic division is responsible for the state of the body being at rest when not detecting any threats at present. It stores energy not for immediate but for future use.
PART D_1

Now, let’s do a free talk about the following topic.
(Please do a free talk if you have time left.)

PART D_2

Please explain why people cannot stop global warming.
Give two examples to support your opinion.

PART D_3

TOEFL Task5 実践問題 1

PART A_1

Let’s introduce ourselves to each other.

PART A_2

My name is ________________. What is your name?

PART A_3

I am ________________. Nice to meet you.

PART A_4

Nice to meet you too, ________________. Let’s begin our lesson!

PART B_1

Now, we will read aloud the dialogue below. I will read the female student’s parts, and you will read the male student’s parts.
以下の会話文を読みましょう。講師が女子生徒のパートを読むので、あなたは男性生徒のパートを読んでください。

PART B_2

Female:
I can’t believe it. When I was about to enter my room last night, I found out that I lost my key.
Male:
Have you tried asking the lost and found department?
Female:
Yes. They told me that my key is not there. I informed the admin office that I lost my key. I think I lost it when I went hiking yesterday.
Male:
If that’s the case, just consider it lost. You should ask for a new one.
Female:
I asked the admin office for a spare key and they said that it would take a week. They can’t lend me a key due to their security policy. I have to ask them to open the door for me every day. It is a waste of time as it takes 10 minutes to go to the office.
Male:
Why don’t you just go back to the room with your roommate? You are in the same class, aren’t you?
Female:
Well, my roommate has a part-time job and she usually goes to work after our classes. Her work schedule is not fixed as well.
Male:
I see. All you can do now is to wait for your new key. You just have to be patient for another week.
Female:
Yeah. But I have to be in the library until 9:00 p.m. to work on my report. The admin office is open until 6:00 p.m. only.

PART B_3

Now, please read the dialogue silently for 50 seconds.

PART B_4

(50 seconds to read the dialogue silently)

PART B_5

Describe the female student’s problem and the two suggestions given by the male student. Decide which of the two suggestions you think is better and give reasons to support your answer.

PART B_6

You have 20 seconds for preparation before answering.
Please start your preparation silently.

PART B_7

(20 seconds for preparation to answer)

PART B_8

You have 60 seconds to answer. Please start your answer now.
PART B_9

PART B_10

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_11

PART B_12

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART B_13

The female student and the male student are talking about a problem the female student has. The problem is that she lost her key when she went hiking. The male student offered two suggestions to help her solve her problem. His first suggestion is to ask the admin office to make a new key and wait for a week to receive it. His second suggestion is to go back to her room with her roommate. I agree with the first suggestion because it offers a permanent solution to the problem. Waiting for her roommate can be inconvenient for both of them as they have their own schedules. On the other hand, waiting for a week for the admin office to give her a new key may take long but it will completely solve her problem.

PART C_1

Now, let’s do a free talk about the following topic.
(Please do a free talk if you have time left.)

PART C_2

Please explain why the birth rate in Japan has been decreasing.
Give two examples to support your opinion.

PART C_3

Task5 練習問題 2_1

PART A_1

Let’s introduce ourselves to each other.

PART A_2

My name is ________________. What is your name?

PART A_3

I am ________________. Nice to meet you.

PART A_4

Nice to meet you too, ________________. Let’s begin our lesson!

PART B_1

Now, we will read aloud the dialogue below. After reading it once, we will switch roles.

PART B_2

Female: There will be a power interruption in our area later at 6:00 p.m. until 12 midnight. I have a deadline to meet tomorrow morning. I might not be able to do it because of that.
Male: I have seen that announcement on the internet earlier.
Female: I really don’t know what to do. It is stressing me out. That project is worth 50 percent of our grades.
Male: Why don’t you do your project in the library?
Female: I can’t. The library is open until 7:00 p.m. only. My class will end at 5:00 p.m. I don’t think it’s possible to finish it for two hours.
Male: Then, maybe you can go to the coffee shop. I usually study there.
Female: Isn’t it too noisy there? I can’t concentrate if the place is too noisy.
Male: Not really. Most of their customers are students who are studying. Also, they have sockets so you can charge your laptop and you can also use their internet for free.
Female: I think that would be too expensive for me. I am trying to save money for our school trip. Anyway, thanks for your suggestions.

PART B_3

I will ask the following question. Please answer based on the dialogue by following the format. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART B_4

1. What is the female student and the male student doing? Please tell me what the problem is.
Answer: The female student and the male student .
The problem is that the female student .
PART B_5

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_6

PART B_7

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART B_8

The female student and the male student are talking about a problem the female student is facing. The problem is that there will be a power interruption in female student’s area. She has a deadline to meet tomorrow. She said that she might not be able to do it because of that.
PART B_9

I will ask the another question. Please answer based on the dialogue by following the format. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART B_10

2. What is the male student’s solutions to the problem? Please tell me which solution do you agree with?
Answer: His first solution is .
His second solution is .
I agree with _____________ because .
PART B_11

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_12

PART B_13

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART B_14

The male student offers two solutions to solve her problem. His first solution is to do her project in the library. His second solution is to go to the coffee shop where he usually studies. He mentions that they have sockets so customers can charge their laptops and she can use their internet for free. I agree with the second solution because I think it is more practical. Studying in the library might affect the quality of her work since she has limited time to stay. Unlike in the coffee shop, she can work at her own pace. She does not need to pressure herself to finish her project as soon as she can.
PART C_1

Now, we will read aloud the dialogue below. After reading it once, we will switch roles.

PART C_2

Female: I am so stressed right now.
Male: Why? What happened?
Female: We have a debate practice today but one of my teammates is absent. I don’t know what to tell our coach.
Male: Why don’t you push through with your practice even if you are incomplete? I think it would be a nice opportunity to focus on your speech.
Female: I don’t think that would work because we need each other’s speech to support our own speech.
Male: Then, why don’t you ask your coach to postpone your practice today and have it tomorrow instead? You may add two to three hours to your practice time tomorrow.
Female: Our debate competition is in three days. We need to practice every day if we want to win the championship. Anyway, thank you for your advice!
Male: No problem. I’m sure you will find ways to solve your problem.

PART C_3

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the dialogue by following the format. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART C_4

1. What is the female student and the male student doing? Please tell me what the problem is.
Answer: The female student and the male student .
The problem is that the female student .
PART C_5

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_6

PART C_7

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART C_8

The female student and the male student are talking about a problem the female student has. The problem is that the female student has debate practice today but one of her teammates is absent.
PART C_9

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the dialogue by following the format. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART C_10

2. What is the male student’s solutions to the problem? Please tell me which solution do you agree with?
Answer: His first solution is .
His second solution is .
I agree with _____________ because .
PART C_11

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_12

PART C_13

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART C_14

The male student offers two solutions to solve her problem. His first solution is to push through with her practice since it would be a nice opportunity to focus on her own speech. His second solution is to ask their coach to postpone their practice today and have it tomorrow instead. They may add two to three hours to their practice time tomorrow. I agree with the second solution because I think that postponing their practice today is more practical than practicing with an incomplete member. Also, I agree that they may just add two to three hours to their practice time to cope with the time they missed.
PART D_1

Now, let’s do a free talk about the following topics.
(Please do a free talk if you have time left.)

PART D_2

Some people say that all students should join school clubs.
Give pros and cons to support your opinion.

PART D_3

Task5 練習問題 1_1

PART A_1

Let’s introduce ourselves to each other.

PART A_2

My name is ________________. What is your name?

PART A_3

I am ________________. Nice to meet you.

PART A_4

Nice to meet you too, ________________. Let’s begin our lesson!

PART B_1

Now, we will read aloud the dialogue below. After reading it once, we will switch roles.

PART B_2

Female: Oh no! I left my science project at home. Today is the deadline for that project. I’m in trouble.
Male: How did that happen?
Female: I woke up late this morning because I stayed up until midnight to finish that project. I had to rush to school to be on time for my first class. I only realized that I left my project after my first class.
Male: That’s a big problem. What are you planning to do?
Female: I don’t know what to do yet. Do you have any ideas?
Male: Well, you can try to create a new project during your break time. Just make one that looks like the one you made last night.
Female: It took me a lot of time to make that project last night. I think it took me at least five hours to finish everything. Our break time is only for an hour, and I don’t think that’s going to be enough for me to make a new one.
Male: Then, why don’t you ask our science teacher for a deadline extension? Tell her what happened and that you will submit your project tomorrow morning instead. I’m sure she’ll understand.
Female: Our science teacher is very strict when it comes to deadlines. She might allow me to submit it tomorrow but I’m sure that she will deduct some points on my grade as a consequence. I don’t want to fail in science.

PART B_3

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the dialogue by following the format. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART B_4

1. What is the female student and the male student doing?
Answer: The female student and the male student .
2. What is the problem?
Answer: The problem is that the female student .
3. What is the male student’s first solution?
Answer: The male student offers two solutions to solve the female student’s problem.
His first solution is .
4. What is the male student’s second solution?
Answer: His second solution is .
5. Which solution do you agree with?
Answer: I agree with ________________ because .
PART B_5

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_6

PART B_7

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART B_8

1. The female student and the male student are talking about a problem the female student is facing.
2. The problem is that the female student left her science project at home.
3. The male student offers two solutions to solve her problem. His first solution is to create a new project during her break time.
4. His second solution is to ask their science teacher for a deadline extension and submit the project tomorrow morning instead.
5. I agree with the second solution because it provides a practical result. Asking her science teacher for a deadline extension has more assurance that she will get a good grade for that project. Making a new one means wasting the project which she worked hard for last night. Besides, making it during her break time does not guarantee the quality of her science project. She might not even be able to finish it during her one-hour break time because it took her at least five hours to finish the one that she made last night. In the end, even if her science teacher deducts some points from her grade for submitting her project a day late, at least she was able to submit a presentable project.
PART C_1

Now, we will read aloud the dialogue below. After reading it once, we will switch roles.

PART C_2

Female: Have you seen the announcement posted a while ago? The volleyball competition is moved to the same day as the examination.
Male: The examination is next week, right? What happened? I thought the competition will be held this Saturday.
Female: They moved the schedule to next Monday. The organizers of the competition said that there is a problem with the venue. Other schools will use it next week.
Male: That really is a problem. Your team needs you in the competition but you also need to take your examination.
Female: I know. I really don’t know how to deal with this.
Male: The competition will be held in the afternoon, right? You can take your examination in the morning. Then, head to the venue for the volleyball competition after.
Female: That would be really difficult. I need to warm up before the competition starts. I will not have enough time to do both on the same day.
Male: Can’t someone fill in for you while you’re not there? Maybe you can find a substitute player.
Female: We can’t do that because the names of the players were already registered last week. We can’t just add another player before the game. I hope they’ll move the date of the competition again.

PART C_3

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the dialogue by following the format. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART C_4

1. What is the female student and the male student doing?
Answer: The female student and the male student .
2. What is the problem?
Answer: The problem is that the female student .
3. What is the male student’s first solution?
Answer: The male student offers two solutions to solve her problem.
His first solution is .
4. What is the male student’s second solution?
Answer: His second solution is .
5. Which solution do you agree with?
Answer: I agree with ________________ because .
PART C_5

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_6

PART C_7

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART C_8

1. The female student and the male student are talking about a problem the female student has.
2. The problem is that the female student has an examination on the day of the volleyball competition.
3. The male student offers two solutions to solve her problem. His first solution is to take the examination in the morning then head to the venue of the competition after the examination.
4. His second solution is to have someone fill in for the female student while she is not there.
5. I agree with the first solution because it provides a practical result. She can take her examination in the morning then catch up with the competition in the afternoon. Having someone to fill in for her is not possible because a player cannot play unless his/her name is registered in the competition. Since the registration is already over, they cannot add another player to the team. If she can finish her examination fast, she can still warm up before the competition starts.
PART D_1

Now, let’s do a free talk about the following topics.
(Please do a free talk if you have time left.)

PART D_2

Some people say studying with others is effective. Others say studying alone is more effective. Which do you think is better?
Give pros and cons to support your opinion.

PART D_3

TOEFL Task4 実践問題 1

PART A_1

Let’s introduce ourselves to each other.

PART A_2

My name is ________________. What is your name?

PART A_3

I am ________________. Nice to meet you.

PART A_4

Nice to meet you too, ________________. Let’s begin our lesson!

PART B_1

Please read aloud the following passage in 45 seconds.

PART B_2

Learning a foreign language means more than just acquiring a second language for communication purposes. Language and culture reflect one another. By studying a certain language, the learner also gets to grasp the culture where the language is spoken. Another advantage of learning a foreign language is understanding other people’s feelings. Understanding other people’s feelings is about identifying the speaker’s emotions to interpret the intended message accurately. It comes with understanding not only one’s message but also the intention behind it.

PART C_1

I will read aloud the lecture part for 90 seconds. Please take down notes while I am reading. After that, please read aloud the lecture part.

PART C_2

Today, English is the most common second language spoken in the world. Learning a foreign language can give two major benefits–first is learning about cultures, second is understanding people’s feelings.
Let me talk about the benefit of learning about cultures. When studying a foreign language, we also learn something about the culture behind it. Let’s have idioms as an example. Idioms are expressions that have another meaning aside from their original definition. Their origin is often based on the local customs where the language is spoken. For example, the idiom “know the ropes” means to know how to do a particular task. It began in the 19th century during the golden age of sailing where knowing how to handle the ropes is essential to operate a ship. This idiom is still in use even until now.
As for understanding other people’s feelings, it is said that people who can speak two or more languages have stronger intellectual abilities. Imagine that a foreigner in your country is asking for directions. As someone who understands other people’s feelings, you don’t only try to understand him through words. You also try to identify his emotions, so you understand him on a deeper level.
Studying a foreign language can widen a person’s perspective on various cultures. It also develops understanding of other people’s feelings which is essential when communicating in a foreign language.

PART D_1

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the announcement and the dialogue.
You have 30 seconds for preparation and 60 seconds for answering. Please start your preparation silently.

PART D_2

Using the examples from the lecture, explain how learning a foreign language can give benefits other than just acquiring a second language for communication purposes.
Answer:
PART D_3

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART D_4

PART D_5

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART D_6

The professor is talking about the benefits of learning a foreign language, the topic mentioned in the passage. According to the passage, learning a foreign language means more than just acquiring a second language for communication purposes. The professor gives two examples of the benefits of learning a foreign language. The first point in the passage is that language and culture reflect one another. The professor explains that the learner also gets to grasp the culture where the language is spoken because idioms are often based on local customs. The second idea in the passage is that learning a foreign language helps students develop an understanding of other people’s feelings. The professor states that people who can speak two or more languages have stronger intellectual abilities. He says that people who understand other people’s feelings don’t only try to understand others through words. They also try to identify others’ emotions, so they could understand them on a deeper level.

PART E_1

Please read aloud the following passage in 45 seconds.

PART E_2

Laughing is essential to people as it is one of their ways to express their emotions. It also helps them feel better since it improves their mood. Another reason why people laugh is to communicate with others. It helps them build relationships. According to a study, laughing is associated with human interaction. In fact, people laugh for about 30 times more when they are with other people as compared to when they are alone.

PART F_1

I will read aloud the lecture part for 90 seconds. Please take down notes while I am reading. After that, please read aloud the lecture part.

PART F_2

In today’s lesson, we will be discussing the reasons why people laugh. Laughing has always been a huge part of people’s lives; they can’t go on a day without it. People laugh to express their emotions. They usually laugh when they hear funny jokes or when they are being tickled.
However, people do not only laugh because of funny jokes, but they also laugh to communicate. People laugh for about 30 times more during conversations with their family and friends. It is their reactions to statements and comments. In social interactions, people laugh to display some sense of belongingness. It is a way to show the people around them that they understand and agree with them. A study on human relationships reveals that families, couples, or friends who deal with problems through laughter feel less stressed. They feel it most especially when they are doing it together. When these problems turn into positive emotions, people feel a lot better both physically and mentally.

PART G_1

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the announcement and the dialogue.
You have 30 seconds for preparation and 60 seconds for answering. Please start your preparation silently.

PART G_2

Using the examples in the lecture, please explain the reasons why people laugh.
Answer:
PART G_3

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART G_4

PART G_5

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART G_6

The professor is talking about the reasons why people laugh, the topic mentioned in the passage. According to the passage, people laugh to express their emotions. He also mentions that they laugh to communicate. The professor gives 2 examples to show the connection of laughter to human interaction by saying that people usually laugh during conversations with their family and friends. The first point in the passage explains that people laugh to express their emotions. The professor explains that they usually laugh when they hear funny jokes or when they are being tickled. The second point in the passage mentions that people also laugh to communicate. The professor mentions that it is their reactions to statements and comments during conversations.

PART H_1

Now, let’s do a free talk about the following topics.
(Please do a free talk if you have time left.)

PART H_2

Please explain why history class is important.
Give 2 reasons and examples to support your opinion.

PART H_3

Task4 練習問題 2

PART A_1

Let’s introduce ourselves to each other.

PART A_2

My name is ________________. What is your name?

PART A_3

I am ________________. Nice to meet you.

PART A_4

Nice to meet you too, ________________. Let’s begin our lesson!

PART B_1

Please read aloud the following passage. I will check your pronunciation, stress, and intonation.

PART B_2

The human auditory system is the sensory system responsible for detecting different sounds from long distances. It is made up of two main parts: the ear and the brain. The ear is the organ of hearing. It transforms sound energy into neural signals. On the other hand, the brain is an organ inside the head that controls bodily functions essential for survival. It is the one that receives and processes the information delivered by neural signals.

PART B_3

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the announcement. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART B_4

1. How do people detect sounds?
Answer: According to the passage,
PART B_5

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_6

PART B_7

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART B_8

1. According to the passage, people detect sounds with their auditory system which is responsible for detecting different sounds from long distances. The two main parts of the auditory system are the ear and the brain.
PART C_1

I will read aloud the lecture part first. Please take down notes while I am reading.
After that, please read aloud the lecture part by yourself.

PART C_2

The human auditory system is the sensory system responsible for detecting different sounds from long distances. It is made up of two main parts: the ear and the brain. The ear is the organ of hearing. It transforms sound energy into neural signals. On the other hand, the brain is an organ inside the head that controls bodily functions essential for survival. It is the one that receives and processes the information delivered by neural signals.
I will discuss how the sound travels into the ear. The source of sounds produce waves of pressure that travel through particles in fluids. When the fluid travels through the ear, it triggers a signal that travels through the hair cell, into the auditory nerve then forth the brain. For example, the sound from a mosquito produces waves of pressure that the ears transfer into the fluid and travels inside our ear and onto our brain. That’s when the brain interprets specific sounds.
After the brain interprets the sound, it now has to identify where the sound is coming from. It collaborates then again with the two ears. When the sound is coming from directly in front of you, both of your ears will hear the same quality and respond at the same time. When a mosquito is on your left, your brain uses both of your ears to detect where it is located. So, when a mosquito is in front of you, you get to hear its sound with the same quality on both ears. It makes our hearing a spectacular system.

PART C_3

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the lecture by following the format. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART C_4

1. What is the professor talking about in the lecture?
Answer: The professor is talking about
2. What idea does the professor introduce first? Please answer by using the example.
Answer: First,
3. What idea does the professor introduce second? Please answer by using the example.
Answer: Second,
4. What does the professor conclude in the lecture?
Answer: The professor concludes that
PART C_5

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_6

PART C_7

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART C_8

1. The professor is talking about the science of hearing, the topic mentioned in the passage.
2. First, the passage introduces how the ear works. The professor explains that the sound a mosquito creates is an example of a sound that travels inside our ear onto our brain, which the brain interprets.
4. The second idea is that the brain identifies where the sound is coming from after it has been interpreted. The professor illustrates how the brain works with an example of a mosquito in different locations.
5. The professor concludes that both ears’ task of transferring the sound a mosquito creates and the brain’s task of locating where the sound a mosquito creates comes from are examples of how the science of hearing works.
PART D_1

Now, let’s do a free talk about the following topic.
(Please do a free talk if you have time left.)

PART D_2

Please explain why sense of hearing important.
Give 2 reasons and examples to support your opinion.

PART D_3

Task4 練習問題 1_1

PART A_1

Let’s introduce ourselves to each other.

PART A_2

My name is ________________. What is your name?

PART A_3

I am ________________. Nice to meet you.

PART A_4

Nice to meet you too, ________________. Let’s begin our lesson!

PART B_1

Please read aloud the following passage. I will check your pronunciation, stress, and intonation.

PART B_2

It is said that humans might be replaced by robots in the future because of the continuous innovation in AI (Artificial Intelligence). Basically, there are two types of jobs: one is where AI is superior and the other one is where humans are superior.
AI is good at dealing with enormous amounts of data. What AI can do is store vast information and accumulate data. When it comes to the quantity of data, AI is superior to humans.
On the other hand, humans have the ability to connect information, so they can come up with new ideas from scratch.

PART B_3

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the announcement. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART B_4

1. Why does it show two types of jobs: one is where AI is superior and the other one is where humans are superior?
Answer: According to the passage, .
PART B_5

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_6

PART B_7

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART B_8

1. According to the passage, it is said that humans might be replaced by robots. Also it shows the strongest point and the weakest point in each AI and human.
PART C_1

I will read aloud the lecture part first. Please take down notes while I am reading.
After that, please read aloud the lecture part by yourself.

PART C_2

Technology has improved drastically over the years. Some dangerous jobs that people do can be done with the help of AI in the future. Through that, people would not have to put themselves at risk while working. On the other hand, some people worry that AI might steal their jobs which would lead to an increase in unemployment rate.
Now, I will give you tips on how we can get rid of anxiety by talking about jobs that AI and humans can do better, respectively.
Let’s start with what AI can do better. One developer made a formula that could evaluate written essays by high school students. Its evaluation is the same as how human teachers evaluate students. Teachers may read ten thousand essays in their entire career, but AI is capable of reading millions of essays in a few minutes. Compared to humans, AI is more efficient in dealing with enormous amounts of data.
As for what humans can do better than AI, humans can assess data even without any previous experience. In other words, AI can’t deal with data that it has never encountered before. But humans connect information and derive new ideas.
When humans understand their strengths and weaknesses, they would know how they can handle the concern “AI might steal their jobs”.

PART C_3

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the lecture by following the format. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART C_4

1. What is the professor talking about in the lecture?
Answer: The professor is talking about .
2. What idea does the professor introduce first? Please answer by using the example.
Answer: First, .
3. What idea does the professor introduce second? Please answer by using the example.
Answer: Second, .
4. What does the professor conclude in the lecture?
Answer: To handle the concern “AI might steal their jobs”, .
PART C_5

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_6

PART C_7

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART C_8

1. The professor is talking about the capabilities of AI by comparing them to human abilities and explains what AI can and cannot do.
2. First, AI being superior over humans is introduced with an actual example. The professor says AI is superior to human in handling data. For example, AI is able to give the same evaluation with what human teachers do to high school students’ essays.
4. Second, the professor introduces what AI can’t do. AI can’t assess and connect different data it hasn’t encountered.
According to the example, AI can’t replace humans in coming up with a business strategy because in doing so, one would need new ideas that other companies haven’t had.
5. To handle the concern “AI might steal their jobs”, they should understand their strengths and weaknesses.
PART D_1

Now, let’s do a free talk about the following topic.
(Please do a free talk if you have time left.)

PART D_2

Please explain why sleeping is important.
Give 2 reasons and examples to support your opinion.

PART D_3

Task3 練習問題 2_1

PART A_1

Let’s introduce ourselves to each other.

PART A_2

My name is ________________. What is your name?

PART A_3

I am ________________. Nice to meet you.

PART A_4

Nice to meet you too, ________________. Let’s begin our lesson!

PART B_1

Please read aloud the following announcement. I will check your pronunciation, stress, and intonation.

PART B_2

Renewal of access cards
This is to inform that all student tenants of the dormitory are required to renew their access cards due to security purposes.
All student tenants need to surrender their current access cards to the admin office by June 30. After that day, students cannot enter the dormitory without the new access cards.
Please surrender your access cards during office hours. Our office is open on weekdays from 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.
Please note that a $30 deposit is necessary for claiming your new access card.
Thank you for your understanding.

PART B_3

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the announcement. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART B_4

1. What are all student tenants required to do?
Answer: According to the announcement, .
PART B_5

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_6

PART B_7

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART B_8

1. According to the announcement, all student tenants of the dormitory are required to renew their access cards by June 30 due to security purposes.
PART C_1

Now, we will read aloud the dialogue below. After reading it once, we will switch roles.

PART C_2

Female: Hello, did you see the announcement about the access
card renewal?
Male: Yes, I did. I don’t think it’s a good idea.
Female: Why do you think so?
Male: First of all, they informed us too late. It’s already June 25 and we have classes on weekdays. We need to arrange our schedule before going to the admin office since they are only open from 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. on weekdays.
Female: True. I need to check my class schedule before going to
the admin office.
Male: That’s right. They should open their office on weekends, so students can pick up their new access cards in their free time.
Female: I agree. We don’t have classes on weekends.
Male: Also, the required deposit is expensive for us. How many of us can prepare $30 in 5 days? They should have consulted us before requiring any payment.
Female: You are right. But we can still find ways to prepare $30 by June 30.
Male: Yeah, I may ask for money from my sister. Nonetheless, I will ask the admin office to hear from us before making a new regulation next time.
PART C_3

I will ask the following question. Please answer based on the announcement by following the format. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART C_4

1. What are the female student and the male student doing? Please tell me who is against the regulation.
Answer: The female student and the male student are .
The (female/male) student .
PART C_5

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_6

PART C_7

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART C_8

A female student and a male student are talking about an announcement made by the admin office. The male student disagrees with the admin’s announcement and gives two reasons why he is against it.
PART C_9

I will ask another question. Please answer based on the announcement by following the format. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART C_10

2. Why does the male student disagree with the new regulation?
Answer: First, .
Second, .
For these reasons, .
PART C_11

Now, let’s review your answer. After that, please read aloud your corrected answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_6

PART C_12

Now, we’ll read the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

PART C_13

First, he thinks that it’s too late to inform students 5 days before the due date. He defends that they should open the admin office on weekends because students have classes on weekdays. Second, he adds that the $30 deposit is expensive. He complains that the admin should hear from the students before they require any payments from them. For these reasons, the male student doesn’t support the announcement of the admin office.
PART D_1

Now, let’s do a free talk about the following topics.
(Please do a free talk if you have time left.)

PART D_2

Who do you think should be responsible for the students’ security at school?
Give two reasons to support your opinion.

PART D_3

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