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JHS textbook: Past Tense

PASSAGE READING

Please read aloud the following passage. I will check your pronunciation as you read.

READ

past tense_Image3

This morning, Alex went to a mountain and skied with his friends. He joined a local ski group and they went to the top of the mountain. His friends invited him to have lunch and they ate curry rice.

In the afternoon, Alex jumped too high and hurt his ankle. He needed to see a doctor. His friend carried him to the clinic. The doctor advised him to take some medicine and have enough rest.

COMPREHENSION CHECK

Please answer the following questions based on the passage.

ANSWER

1. Question What did they eat for lunch?
Answer: _______________________________________________
2. Question What happened to Alex in the afternoon?
Answer: _______________________________________________
3. Question Who carried him to the clinic?
Answer: _______________________________________________
EXPRESSIONS

Describe the picture using the following expressions.


“…regular verb+ed…”

“…irregular verb (ex: went, ate)…”

DESCRIBE

Past tense_2

“…regular verb+ed…”

“…irregular verb (ex: went, ate)…”

DESCRIBING A PICTURE

Please answer the following questions based on the picture.

ANSWER

1. Question What did they do?
Answer: _______________________________________________
2. Question What did the boy eat?
Answer: _______________________________________________
CONVERSATION PRACTICE

Please answer the following questions based on your experience.

ANSWER

1. Question What did you do last Spring vacation?
Answer: _______________________________________________
2. Question Did you go to bed early last night?
Answer: _______________________________________________
3. Question Where did you go last weekend?
Answer: _______________________________________________
4. Question What did you have for breakfast?
Answer: _______________________________________________
5. Question Did you ride a bus to school?
Answer: _______________________________________________

Beginner: Occasions – Simple Past Tense

GRAMMAR REVIEW

Let’s read the sentences aloud. Please repeat after me.

READ

1. I went to a birthday party. 私は誕生日会に行きました。 2. He gave a birthday present to his friend. 彼は友達に誕生日プレゼントをあげました。 3. She cooked pasta for Mother’s Day. 彼女は母の日にパスタを作りました。 4. Did you go to the New Year’s Day party? あなたは新年会に行きましたか? 5. We ate cake at the wedding. 私たちは結婚式でケーキを食べました。 6. They prepared for the Culture Festival. 彼らは文化祭の準備をしました。

DESCRIBING PICTURES

Study the picture for 1 minute. Describe each character by completing the sentences with the correct verbs.

ANSWER

1. What did Linda Feel?
Answer:
2. What did Simon do?
Answer:

READING ALOUD

Let’s read the dialogue. I will play Sam and you will play Alice. Then, we’ll switch roles.

READ

How was your friend’s birthday party?
It was fun. We ate delicious food. My friend’s mother baked a cake for his birthday.

That was nice. I think the party was really exciting.
Yes, it was. We also played games and got some prizes.

I guess your friend enjoyed his birthday celebration.
He sure did. He was very happy that all of our friends went to his party.

CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING

Please answer the questions in complete sentences.

ANSWER

1. How was the birthday party of Alice’s friend?
Answer:
2. What did the mother of Alice’s friend bake?
Answer:
3. What activities did Alice and her friends do at the party?
Answer:

CONVERSATION PRACTICE

Let’s talk. Please answer my questions. You may ask questions, too.

ANSWER

1. How did you celebrate your birthday last year?
Answer:
2. What activities did you do on your favorite Japanese holiday?
Answer:
3. What activities did you do on your favorite foreign/western holiday?
Answer:
4. How did you prepare for New Year’s Eve?
Answer:
5. How did you celebrate Christmas?
Answer:

TOEFL_task6(1)

DIALOGUE READING1

I will read aloud a passage in below. Please listen and take notes.

講師が文章を音読しますので、よく聞いてメモを取りましょう。

READ

new year

READING

Now, please read the passaeg aloud in above.

上の文章を音読してください。

COMPREHENSION CHECK

Please answer the questions about the dialogue.

講師が会話文について質問するので答えましょう。

ANSWER

1. What is the professor talking about?

____________________________________________________.

2. What is a first example?

____________________________________________________.

3. What is a second example?

____________________________________________________.

CHECK YOUR ANSWERS1

Now we’ll check sample answer. Please repeat after me.

解答例を見ます。講師に続いて読みましょう。

SAMPLE ANSWER

1. What is the professor talking about?

The professor is talking about bacteria and the effects bacteris can have on humans.

2. What is a first example?

The professor provides the example of the Black Death to illustrate that harmful bacteria can kill prople.

3. What is a second example?

The professor provides the example of the helpful bacteria in our intestines to show that some beneficial bacteria can help us to digest food.

TOEFL_task5(2)

DIALOGUE READING1

Please read a passage with yout tutor.

講師と以下の文章を音読しましょう。

READ

new year

READING SILENTLY1

Now, please read the dialogue silently for 50 seconds.

50秒で会話文を黙読しましょう。

COMPREHENSION CHECK1

Please answer the questions about the dialogue.

講師が会話文について質問するので答えましょう。

ANSWER

1. What are a female student and a male studednt talking about?

A female student and a male studednt talking about _______________________.

2. What is a problem?

The problem is that ______________________________.

3. What is the first solution the man offer?

The first solution is ______________________________.

4. What is the second solution

The second solution is ______________________________.

6. Which solution do you agree with?

I agree with ______________________________.

7. Why do you agree with the solution?

Because ______________________________.

CHECK YOUR ANSWERS1

Now we’ll check sample answer. Please repeat after me.

解答例を見ます。講師に続いて読みましょう。

SAMPLE ANSWER

1. What are a female student and a male studednt talking about?

A female and a male student are talking about a problem the female student is facing.

2. What is a problem?

The problem is that she got an expensive parking ticket in front of her dormitory when she carried in some sports equipment.

3. What is the first solution the man offer?

The first solution is to contact the campus police and explain her situation to get her ticket dropped or reduced.

4. What is the second solution

The second solution is to accept the ticket and pay the fine.

6. Which solution do you agree with?

I agree with the second solution.

7. Why do you agree with the solution?

Because the woman is already behind in her history class. if she skips to go see the campus police, she may fall too far behind in her class. The ticket might be expensive, but I think she should just pay it anyway. Skipping class is just not worth the risk of falling further behind in her class.

JHS textbook: Will & Going to

PASSAGE READING

Please read aloud the following passage. I will check your pronunciation as you read.

READ

Will&GoingTo_1

Misa likes going to the park. There is a park that her family always visits. On Saturday, she will go there to play. She will fly a kite with her father. Her mother is going to prepare her favorite dishes for their picnic. Misa is very excited for their trip.

COMPREHENSION CHECK

Please answer the following questions based on the passage.

ANSWER

1. Question Where will Misa go on Saturday?
Answer: _______________________________________________
2. Question What is her mother going to prepare for their picnic?
Answer: _______________________________________________
3. Question What will Misa and her father do?
Answer: _______________________________________________
EXPRESSIONS

Describe the picture using the following expressions.


“…will…”

“…going to…”

DESCRIBE

Will & Going to_2

“…will…”

“…going to…”

DESCRIBING A PICTURE

Please answer the following questions based on the picture.

ANSWER

1. Question Where will the family go?
Answer: _______________________________________________
2. Question What are they going to do?
Answer: _______________________________________________
CONVERSATION PRACTICE

Please answer the following questions based on your experience.

ANSWER

1. Question Where are you going to go after this lesson?
Answer: _______________________________________________
2. Question What will you eat for dinner?
Answer: _______________________________________________
3. Question What are you going to do tomorrow?
Answer: _______________________________________________
4. Question How are you going to spend your weekend?
Answer: _______________________________________________
5. Question Where will you spend your summer vacation?
Answer: _______________________________________________

JHS textbook: There is, There are

PASSAGE READING

Please read aloud the following passage. I will check your pronunciation as you read.

READ

There is There are_1

Tiffany likes eating desserts. She likes ice cream the most. There are two ice cream flavors that she likes. Those are vanilla and caramel. There are five ice cream shops in her hometown. There is one near her house called Frozen Sprinkles. She visits Frozen Sprinkles every weekend.

COMPREHENSION CHECK

Please answer the following questions based on the passage.

ANSWER

1. Question How many ice cream flavors does Tiffany like?
Answer: _______________________________________________
2. Question How many ice cream shops are there in her hometown?
Answer: _______________________________________________
3. Question Is there an ice cream shop near her house?
Answer: _______________________________________________
EXPRESSIONS

Describe the picture using the following expressions.


“There is…”

“There are…”

DESCRIBE

There is There are_2

“There is…”

“There are…”

DESCRIBING A PICTURE

Please answer the following questions based on the picture.

ANSWER

1. Question How many trees are there?
Answer: _______________________________________________
2. Question Is there a pizza in the picture?
Answer: _______________________________________________
CONVERSATION PRACTICE

Please answer the following questions based on your experience.

ANSWER

1. Question How many children are there in your family?
Answer: _______________________________________________
2. Question How many students are there in your class?
Answer: _______________________________________________
3. Question Is there a country you want to visit?
Answer: _______________________________________________
4. Question Is there a movie you want to watch soon?
Answer: _______________________________________________
5. Question Is there anything you don’t eat?
Answer: _______________________________________________

Living Abroad (Intermediate)_Greeting

ASKING QUESTIONS

Please ask me the following questions.
Take note of my responses as you will summarize them later.

ASK

1. What is your name?
2. Where are you from?
3. How old are you?
4. Do you live with your family?
5. What do you do?

SUMMARIZING INFORMATION

Now, please summarize my responses to your questions.

SUMMARIZE

My tutor’s name is

DIALOGUE READING

Let’s read the dialogue below.
After reading it once, we’ll switch roles.

READ

Alex: Nice school, isn’t it?
Bill: Yes, it is. And the weather is fine.
Alex: Are you a new student?
Bill: Yes, I am. I just arrived here last night.
Alex: Welcome to our college. I’m Alex. I’m a third year student.
Bill: Nice to meet you, Alex. I’m Bill. I’m in my first year.
Alex: Nice to meet you, too, Bill. Let me show you around.
Bill: Thanks, Alex.

COMPREHENSION CHECK

Please answer the following questions based on the dialogue.

ANSWER

1. When did Bill arrive?
Answer:
2. What year is Alex in?
Answer:
3. What are they going to do?
Answer:
DIALOGUE PRACTICE

Let’s read the dialogue below.
Complete each conversation by choosing the appropriate response from the choices below.

(Note to tutor: Please find the answer key in the last page.)

READ AND ANSWER

1. Tutor: Excuse me. Could you tell me where room 403 is?
Student: I’m also looking for that room. It’s my first day here.
Tutor: Oh, I’m a new student, too! I’m afraid we’ll be late for our first class.
Student: Don’t worry.
a. No worries.
b. Yes, you can.
c. The professors usually use it.
d. We still have 20 minutes.
(Answer is in the last page.)
READ AND ANSWER

2. Tutor: Where are you from?
Student: I’m from San Diego. We moved here 2 years ago.
Tutor: I see. Do you like this city?
Student:
a. Absolutely.
b. No, this city is more beautiful than San Diego.
c. Yes, San Diego is my favorite city.
d. I want to go there.
(Answer is in the last page.)
READ AND ANSWER

3. Tutor: What do you do on weekends?
Student: I play basketball with my friends.
Tutor: That’s nice! I’m a member of the basketball club at my school.
Student:
a. You can do it.
b. Is it okay?
c. Next weekend is fine.
d. Why don’t you join us?
(Answer is in the last page.)
READ AND ANSWER

4. Tutor: What do you do?
Student: I’m a pianist. I often attend concerts abroad.
Tutor: That’s amazing. Have you been to France?
Student:
a. No. I usually just stay here.
b. Yes. Actually, I’m from France.
c. Yes. I want to go there someday.
d. My brother has been there.
(Answer is in the last page.)
READ AND ANSWER

5. Tutor: Do you live with your family?
Student: No, I live in a dormitory near our campus.
Tutor: That’s nice. Do you miss your family?
Student:
a. My pleasure.
b. Yes, you can visit us.
c. Not really. We often talk on the phone.
d. They overlooked the date.
(Answer is in the last page.)
ROLE PLAY

Let’s do a role play with the given situation. You should mention the items below during the conversation.

PLAY

Situation: Your tutor will pretend as a new student in your class.
You will ask your tutor questions about himself/herself.
Items to mention:
– where s/he is from
– where s/he lives
– way to commute
– duration of commute
– favorite school subject
– school clubs s/he joined
– hobbies

ANSWERS FOR DIALOGUE PRACTICE

1. d
2. a
3. d
4. b
5. c

General English (Expert)_Poverty

PASSAGE READING

Please read aloud the following passage. I will check your pronunciation as you read.

READ

Poverty

Poverty is about not having enough resources to meet basic needs like food, clothing, shelter, healthcare, and education. Some people will do anything to make ends meet. This is one of the reasons there is crime everywhere. Underdeveloped countries that suffer from scarcity experience higher crime rates. Poverty is a complex social issue. It is more than just a lack of money. It is also about having the awareness to make wise decisions to break from the cycle of poverty. To solve this longtime problem, more organizations are launching livelihood programs to support the poor.

COMPREHENSION CHECK

Please answer the following questions based on the passage.

ANSWER

1. What is poverty?
Answer:
2. Which countries experience higher crime rates?
Answer:
3. What are some organizations doing to help the poor?
Answer:

CONSTRUCTING SENTENCES

Please construct sentences using each word below.

PRACTICE

Words and Expressions Sample Sentences
poverty
make ends meet
underdeveloped
lack
livelihood
EXPRESSING OPINIONS

Please answer the following questions based on your opinion. Give at least one reason to support your answer.

ANSWER

1. Is poverty a major problem in your country?
Answer:
2. When you see a poor person, what do you think about?
Answer:
3. Do you believe that wealthy families are happier than poor families?
Answer:
4. Do you think being poor is a reason for someone not to go to university?
Answer:
5. Do you think having a good education will help someone get out of poverty?
Answer:
6. How can a student like you help in ending poverty?
Answer:
7. Who do you think is responsible for providing assistance to the poor?
Answer:

Beginner: At Home – Simple Present Tense

GRAMMAR REVIEW

Let’s read the sentences aloud. Please repeat after me.

READ

1. I play video games. 私はテレビゲームをします。 2. She reads a book. 彼女は本を読みます。 3. He cleans the kitchen. 彼は台所を掃除します。 4. Do you wash the dishes? あなたは皿を洗いますか? 5. We watch movies in the living room. 私たちはリビングで映画を見ます。 6. They play with their dog in the backyard. 彼らは裏庭で犬と遊びます。
DESCRIBING PICTURES

Study the picture for 1 minute. Describe what each character does by completing the sentences with the correct verbs.

ANSWER

1. What does Rachel do?
Answer: Rachel _____________ a book.
2. What does Thomas do?
Answer: Thomas _____________ with his dog.

READING ALOUD

Let’s read the dialogue. I will play Ron and you will play Emma. Then, we’ll switch roles.

READ

Hello, Emma. Do you watch TV at home?
Yes, Ron. I watch TV at home with my family. How about you?

My sister and I love to watch comedy tv shows. Sometimes, I read comic books. What do you do on weekends?
I help my mother in the kitchen. We wash the dishes and cook at home.

That’s great. My family also help each other at home. We clean the house together.
That sounds fun. Enjoy your weekend, Ron.

CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING

Please answer the questions in complete sentences.

ANSWER

1. What does Ron like to read?
Answer:
2. What does Ron and his sister like to do?
Answer:
3. Does Emma help her mother in the kitchen?
Answer:

CONVERSATION PRACTICE

Let’s talk. Please answer my questions. You may ask questions, too.

ANSWER

1. What activities do you like to do on weekends?
Answer:
2. What activities do you enjoy the most with your family?
Answer:
3. How often do you watch tv?
Answer:
4. Do you help with house chores like washing the dishes?
Answer:
5. Do you have pets at home? Do you play with them?
Answer:

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