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[TOEFL] Task 3_Exercise 2

ANNOUNCEMENT READING 1

Please read aloud the following announcement.

READ

Renewal of access cards
This is to inform that all student tenants of the dormitory are required to renew their access cards due to security purposes.
All student tenants need to surrender their current access cards to the admin office by June 30. After that day, students cannot enter the dormitory without the new access cards.
Please surrender your access cards during office hours. Our office is open during weekdays from 9:00-15:00.
Please note that a 50$ deposit is necessary in claiming your new access card.
Thank you for your understanding.

DIALOGUE READING 1

Please read aloud the following dialogue with your tutor.
Your tutor will read the female student’s part, and you will read the male student’s part.

READ

Female:
Hello, did you see the announcement about the access
card renewal?
Male:
Yes, I did. I don’t think it’s a good idea.
Female:
Why do you think so?
Male:
First of all, they informed us too late. It’s already June 25 and we have classes during weekdays. We need to arrange our schedule before going to the admin office since they are only open from 9:00-15:00 on weekdays.
Female:
True. I need to check my class schedule before going to
the admin office.
Male:
Right? They should open their office during weekends, so students can pick up their new access cards in their free time.
Female:
I agree. We don’t have classes during weekends.
Male:
Also, the required deposit is expensive for us. How many of us can prepare 50$ in 5 days? They should have consulted us before requiring any payment.
Female:
You are right. But we can still find ways to prepare $50 by June 30.
Male:
Yeah, I may ask for money from my sister. Nonetheless, I will ask the admin office to hear from us before making a new regulation next time.

QUESTION

The man expresses his opinion about the admin’s announcement.
State his opinion and explain his reasons.

PREPARATION

You have 30 seconds for preparation before answering.
Please start your preparation silently.

PREPARE

(30 seconds for preparation to answer)

ANSWER

You have 60 seconds to answer. Please start your answer now.

ANSWER

CHECK YOUR ANSWERS

We will check the sample answers. Please repeat after me.

SAMPLE ANSWERS

A female student and a male student are talking about an announcement made by the admin office.
According to the announcement, all student tenants are required to renew their dormitory access cards by June 30 due to security purposes.
The male student disagrees with the admin’s announcement and gives two reasons why he is against it.
First, he thinks that it’s too late to inform students 5 days before the due date. He defends that they should open the admin office on weekends because students have classes during weekdays.
Second, he adds that the 50$ deposit is expensive. He complains that the admin should hear from students before they require any payments from them.
For these reasons, he doesn’t support the announcement of the admin office.

ANNOUNCEMENT READING 2

Please read aloud the following announcement.

READ

This is to notify everyone about the cafeteria renovation.
To expand space and improve students’ convenience, we will renovate the cafeteria from September 3 – September 30. On these dates, students will not be able to enter the cafeteria. In line with this, the management will provide 2 food trucks on weekdays at 11:30-13:30.
We also advise students to bring their own lunch because the food trucks will have limited food supply.
Should you have any questions please feel free to contact the management office.
Sorry for the inconvenience and we appreciate your patience.

DIALOGUE READING 2

Please read aloud the following dialogue with your tutor.
Your tutor will read the female student’s part, and you will read the male student’s part.

READ

Female:
Hi, have you seen the announcement about the
cafeteria renovation?
Male:
Yes, I saw it this morning. I don’t like it.
Female:
Why don’t you like it?
Male:
First, it says that they will renovate the cafeteria to improve students’ convenience, won’t they?
Female:
Yes, they will.
Male:
Closing the cafeteria for a month will be more inconvenient than our current situation because we only have one cafeteria in this college. I also think it has enough space already.
Female:
That’s true.
We haven’t had a hard time finding a space in the cafeteria.
Male:
Also, it’s unrealistic. I don’t think two food trucks could cater enough foods to all 600 students in this college. They said the foods are in limited supply, it means students who have classes before lunch time won’t be able to buy food.
Female:
Yeah, that would be a problem because I have morning classes every day.
Male:
It means almost everyone needs to bring lunch every day. I will ask them to have more food trucks to cater to all the students. I hope they grant my request.

QUESTION

The man expresses his opinion on the management’s decision.
State his opinion and explain his reasons.

PREPARATION

You have 30 seconds for preparation before answering.
Please start your preparation silently.

PREPARE

(30 seconds for preparation to answer)

ANSWER

You have 60 seconds to answer. Please start your answer now.

ANSWER

CHECK YOUR ANSWERS

We will check the sample answers. Please repeat after me.

SAMPLE ANSWERS

A female student and a male student are talking about an announcement about the cafeteria.
According to the announcement, all students won’t be able to use the cafeteria from September 3 to September 30 due to renovation.
The male student disagrees with the management’s decision and gives two reasons why he is against it.
First, he feels that it will be more inconvenient for students than the current situation because the cafeteria has enough space already
Second, he adds that the two food trucks couldn’t cater enough foods to all 600 students in this college because the foods are in limited supply.
For these reasons, the man doesn’t support the renovation of the cafeteria.

English Camp – Food

READ

Repeat after me.
講師に続いて読みましょう。

READ

EnglishCamp–Food

sweet

甘い

Sugar is sweet.

砂糖は甘いです。

READ

EnglishCamp–Food

spicy

からい

Red peppers are spicy.

唐辛子はからいです。

READ

EnglishCamp–Food

sour

すっぱい

Lemons are sour.

レモンはすっぱいです。

READ

EnglishCamp–Food

salty

塩気がある

French fries are salty.

フライドポテトは塩気があります。

DESCRIBING FOOD

Describe the foods by using the words you learned.
習った単語を使って食べ物を表現してみましょう。

DESCRIBE

EnglishCamp–Food
Pineapples are ______ and ______.

DESCRIBE

EnglishCamp–Food
Mapo tofu is ______ and _____.

DESCRIBE

EnglishCamp–Food
Tom yam kung is ______ and _____.

DESCRIBE

EnglishCamp–Food
Salted caramel is ______ and _____.

ANSWERING QUESTIONS

I will ask you the following questions. Please answer.
講師が質問しますので、答えてください。

QUESTION

1. Do you like spicy foods or sweet foods?
からい食べ物が好きですか?それとも甘い食べ物が好きですか

ANSWER

1. ________________________________.

ASK

2. Is there any food you don’t like to eat?
何か苦手な食べ物はありますか?

ANSWER

2. ________________________________.

ASK

3. What is your favorite food?
一番好きな食べ物は何ですか?

ANSWER

3. ________________________________.

ASK

4. What are the famous foods in Japan?
日本で有名な食べ物は何ですか?

ANSWER

4. ________________________________.

ASK

5. What do you want foreigners to eat in Japan?
海外の人に日本で食べてほしい食べ物は何ですか?

ANSWER

5. ________________________________.

[TOEFL] Task 4_Practice 1_1

PASSAGE READING

Please read the passage silently for 45 seconds.
Then, please read the passage aloud.

READ

It is said that humans might be replaced by robots in the future because of the continuous innovation in AI (Artificial Intelligence). Basically, there are two types of jobs: one is where the AI is superior and the other one is where humans are superior.
The AI is good at dealing with enormous amounts of data. What the AI can do is store vast information and accumulate data. When it comes to the quantity of data, the AI is superior to humans.
On the other hand, humans have the ability to connect information, so they can come up with new ideas from scratch.

COMPREHENSION CHECK 1

Please answer the question about the passage.
Why would robots not replace humans?

ANSWER 1

According to the passage,

CHECK YOUR ANSWER 1

We will check the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

SAMPLE ANSWER 1

Why would robots not replace humans?
According to the passage, robots would not replace humans because AI and humans are different.

LECTURE READING

I will read aloud the lecture part. Please take down notes while I am reading.
After that, please read aloud the lecture part.

READ

Technology has improved drastically over the years. Some dangerous jobs that people do can be done with the help of AI in the future. With that, people would not have to put themselves at risk while working. On the other hand, some people worry that the AI might steal their jobs which would lead to an increase of unemployment rate. Now, I will talk about jobs that AI and humans can do better, respectively.
Let’s start with what AI can do better. One developer made a formula that could evaluate written essays by high school students. Its evaluation is the same as how human teachers evaluate students. Teachers may read ten thousand essays in their entire career, but AI is capable of reading millions of essays in a few minutes. Compared to humans, AI is more efficient in dealing with enormous amounts of data.
As for what humans can do better than AI, we can assess data even without any previous experience. In other words, AI can’t deal with data that it has never encountered before. But we, humans, can connect information and derive new ideas.
When we understand our strengths and weaknesses, you would know how we can handle the concern ” the AI might steal their jobs”.

COMPREHENSION CHECK 2

Please answer the question about the lecture.
What is the professor talking about in the lecture?

ANSWER 2

The professor is talking about

CHECK YOUR ANSWER 2

We will check the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

SAMPLE ANSWER 2

What is the professor talking in the lecture?
The professor is talking about the capabilities of the AI by comparing them to human abilities and explains what the AI can do and cannot do.

COMPREHENSION CHECK 3

Please explain what idea the professor introduces first by using the example.

ANSWER 3

First,

CHECK YOUR ANSWER 3

We will check the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

SAMPLE ANSWER 3

Please explain what idea the professor introduces first by using the example.
First, the AI being superior over humans is introduced with an actual example.
The professor says the AI is superior to human in handling data. For example, the AI is able to give the same evaluation with what the human teachers do to high school students’ essays.
COMPREHENSION CHECK 4

Please explain what idea the professor introduces next by using the example.

ANSWER 4

Second,

CHECK YOUR ANSWER 4

We will check the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

SAMPLE ANSWER 4

Please explain what idea the professor introduces next by using the example.
Second, the professor introduces what the AI can’t do. The AI can’t assess and connect different data it hasn’t encountered.
According to the example, the AI can’t replace humans in coming up with a business strategy because in doing so, one would need new ideas that other companies haven’t had.

COMPREHENSION CHECK 5

What does the professor conclude in the lecture?
ANSWER 5

To live with AI effectively,

CHECK YOUR ANSWER 5

We will check the sample answer. Please repeat after me.

SAMPLE ANSWER 5

What does the professor conclude in the lecture?
To live with AI effectively, we need to have a good understanding of our strengths and weaknesses.

リニューアル教材の追加について(中級)

お客さま各位

平素はWeblio英会話をご利用いただき誠にありがとうございます。

この度、レベル別教材の中級向け(Intermediate)教材をリニューアルいたしました。
会話のやりとりを練習したい方、初心者向け(Beginner)を終えた方におすすめです。

▼中級者向け(Intermediate)はこちら
https://eikaiwa.weblio.jp/information/material-list-regular#Intermediate

また、過去の教材はこちらからご覧いただけます。

▼入門(Entry)はこちら
https://eikaiwa.weblio.jp/information/material-list-regular#Entry

▼初心者向け(Beginner)はこちら
https://eikaiwa.weblio.jp/information/material-list-regular#Beginner

今後ともウェブリオ英会話をよろしくお願いいたします。

Weblio英会話サポート

[JHS] Entry: This/These

INTRODUCING SOMETHING

Let’s read!

This is a book.
これは本です。
This is my favorite story book.
これは私のお気に入りの物語の本です。
This is for fun.
これは楽しむためです。

READ

These are books.
これらは本です。
These are my favorite books.
これらは私のお気に入りの本です。
These are for studying.
これらは勉強のためです。

INTRODUCING SOMETHING

I will describe some things. Then, please talk about what I said by using “this” or “these”.

__________ is a __________.
これは_______ です。
__________ is my favorite __________.
これは私のお気に入りの_______ です。
__________ is for __________.
これは_______ のためです。

ANSWER

__________ are __________.
これらは_______ です。
_______ are his/her favorite __________.
これらは彼/彼女のお気に入りの_______ です。
_______ are for __________.
これらは_______ のためです。

INTRODUCING ONESELF

Now, you’ll describe some things. I will talk about what you said by using “this” or “these”.

INTRODUCING ONESELF

__________ is a __________.
これは_______ です。
__________ is my favorite __________.
これは私のお気に入りの_______ です。
__________ is for __________.
これは_______ のためです。

ANSWER

__________ are __________.
これらは_______ です。
_______ are his/her favorite __________.
これらは彼/彼女のお気に入りの_______ です。
_______ are for __________.
これらは_______ のためです。

GRAMMAR

Let’s describe some things. Please read after me.

いくつかものを挙げてみましょう。そして私のあとに続いて読んでみましょう。

READ

bd_girl_sleep

This is a bed.
これはベッドです。
This is soft.
これは柔らかいです。
This is for sleeping.
これは寝るためのものです。

These are beds.
これらはベッドです。
These are soft.
これらは柔らかいです。
These are for sleeping.
これらは寝るためのものです。

This is a chair.
これは椅子です。
This is hard.
これは固いです。
This is for sitting.
これは座るためのものです。

These are chairs.
これらは椅子です。
These are hard.
これらは固いです。
These are for sitting.
これらは座るためのものです。

GRAMMAR

Complete each sentence using “this” or “these”.

ANSWER


________ is a bed.
これはベッドです。

________ are beds.
これらはベッドです。

________ is a chair.
これは椅子です。

________ are chairs.
これらは椅子です。

________ is a pan.
これはフライパンです。

________ are pans.
これらはフライパンです。

QUESTION

I will ask you some questions. Please answer.

this-that

1. What is this?

ANSWER

QUESTION

this-that

2. What are these?

ANSWER

QUESTION

this-that

3. What are these?

ANSWER

QUESTION

Now, you will ask me some questions. I will answer.

ASK

this-that

1. What are these?

これらは何ですか?

ANSWER

ASK

this-that

2. What is this?

これは何ですか?

ANSWER

ASK

this-that

3. What are these?

これらは何ですか?

ANSWER

JHS – He/She

INTRODUCTION

Let’s introduce ourselves to each other.

INTRODUCTION

My name is ________. What is your name?

ANSWER

I am ________. Nice to meet you.

WORDS

Please repeat after me.

READ

my
your
friend
subject
sport
be good at

DIALOGUE

Let’s read the dialogue.

READ

TUTOR:
Is Mr. Sato your English teacher?
STUDENT:
No, he isn’t. My English teacher is Ms. Kate.
TUTOR:
Where is she from?
STUDENT:
She is from Britain.

ANSWERING QUESTIONS

Please answer the questions.

ANSWERING QUESTIONS

1. Is your English teacher Japanese?

ANSWER

ANSWERING QUESTIONS

2. Are you good at English?

ANSWER

ANSWERING QUESTIONS

3. Are you good at sports?

ANSWER

ANSWERING QUESTIONS

4. Is your friend from Tokyo?

ANSWER

ANSWERING QUESTIONS

5. What sport are you good at?

ANSWER

ASKING QUESTIONS

Please ask me the questions.

ASK

1. Are you an English teacher?

ANSWER

ASK

2. What sport are you good at?

ANSWER

I’m good at

Eiken Pre 2_2

DIRECTIONS

Read the passage silently for 20 seconds. Then, read the passage aloud in 1 minute starting from the title.

READ

Sports Day

Many students in Japan join sports day every year. They usually do this school activity in Autumn or Spring. Students play different sports like baseball, football, and basketball. They play group games with students from other classes, and by doing so students can meet new friends while enjoying sports day.

QUESTION 1

Please look at the passage.
According to the passage, how can students meet new friends while enjoying sports day?

ANSWER

DESCRIBING PICTURES

Please study the picture below.

PICTURE A

4

QUESTION 2

Please look at picture A.
They are doing different things. Tell me as much as you can about what they are doing. Please describe the picture using 5 actions.

ANSWER

1. ______________________________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________________________
3. ______________________________________________________________________
4. ______________________________________________________________________
5. ______________________________________________________________________

DESCRIBING PICTURES

Please study the picture below.

PICTURE B

5

QUESTION 3

Now, please look at the man in picture B.
Please describe the situation.

ANSWER

QUESTION 4

Do you think that playing sports is the only way to be healthy?
 
If yes → Please tell me more.
If no → Why not?

ANSWER

QUESTION 5

Many people start their own businesses to earn more money.
Do you want to have your own business in the future?

If yes → Please tell me more.
If no → Why not?

ANSWER

Eiken Pre 2_1

DIRECTIONS

Read the passage silently for 20 seconds. Then, read the passage aloud in 1 minute starting from the title.

READ

Ordering food online

Nowadays, ordering food online has been more popular than eating at a restaurant. It is a way for people to buy the food they want without leaving home. People can order food from different websites. Ordering food online helps people save time and money, so they choose ordering food online over eating at a restaurant.

QUESTION 1

Please look at the passage.
According to the passage, why do people choose ordering food online over eating at a restaurant?

ANSWER

DESCRIBING PICTURES

Please study the picture below.

PICTURE A

4

QUESTION 2

Please look at picture A.
They are doing different things. Tell me as much as you can about what they are doing. Please describe the picture using 5 actions.

ANSWER

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

DESCRIBING PICTURES

Please study the picture below.

PICTURE B

5

QUESTION 3

Now, please look at the woman in picture B.
Please describe the situation.

ANSWER

QUESTION 4

Do you think people should take pictures of their food before they eat?

 
If yes → Please tell me more.
If no → Why not?

ANSWER

QUESTION 5

Many people travel around the world to learn about other countries.
Do you want to travel the world in the future?


If yes → Please tell me more.
If no → Why not?

ANSWER

Eiken 2_3

DIRECTIONS

Read the passage silently for 20 seconds. Then, read the passage aloud in 1 minute starting from the title.

READ

Managing Time in College

College is the busiest time in every student’s life. During this time, students become active at school. However, they find it hard to organize their time for studying and other activities. Students should use planner notebooks to help them keep track of their time and do important tasks. College students should use these notebooks and by doing so, they can manage their time well.

QUESTION 1

Please look at the passage.
According to the passage, how can student manage their time well?

ANSWER

QUESTION 2

Please look at the pictures and describe the situation.
Describe each picture in 2 sentences.

 
Your story should start with the following sentence:
One day, Aya was talking to her family about studying abroad.

PICTURE

3

1st picture:
One day, Aya was talking to her family about studying abroad.
____________________________________________________________.
2nd picture:
____________________________________________________________.
____________________________________________________________.
3rd picture:
____________________________________________________________.
____________________________________________________________.

QUESTION 3

Now, I will ask you the following question. Please give 2 reasons to support your answer.
Some people say that a person can still be successful even without going to university. What do you think about that?

ANSWER

I agree/disagree ____________________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________________________________.

QUESTION 4

Now, I will ask you another question. Please give 2 reasons to support your answer.
These days, some people eat only vegetables.
Do you think this is a good idea?

ANSWER

Yes/No ______________________________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________________________________.

Eiken 2_2

DIRECTIONS

Read the passage silently for 20 seconds. Then, read the passage aloud in 1 minute starting from the title.

READ

Becoming Independent

Nowadays, young adults aim to become independent. One of their goals is to rent an apartment to show that they can live on their own. They usually rent studio apartments because of its cheap rental fee. Young adults rent such apartments near their office or school, and by doing so they can be independent and save money at the same time.

QUESTION 1

Please look at the passage.
According to the passage, how can young adults be independent and save money at the same time?

ANSWER

QUESTION 2

Please look at the pictures and describe the situation.
Describe each picture in 2 sentences.

 
Your story should start with the following sentence:
One day, Shu was talking to Yui about their goals.

PICTURE

3

1st picture:
One day, Shu was talking to Yui about their goals.
____________________________________________________________.
2nd picture:
____________________________________________________________.
____________________________________________________________.
3rd picture:
____________________________________________________________.
____________________________________________________________.

QUESTION 3

Now, I will ask you the following question. Please give 2 reasons to support your answer.
Some people say that it is better to buy than to rent a house.
What do you think about that?

ANSWER

I agree/disagree ____________________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________________________________.

QUESTION 4

Now, I will ask you another question. Please give 2 reasons to support your answer.
These days, some people like doing adventure sports.
Do you think this is a good idea?

ANSWER

Yes/No ______________________________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________________________________.

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