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9 Presentation – Communicating Outcomes

Words and Phrases
Study the following words and expressions together with their definitions with your tutor.
Then, construct your own sentences using each word/expression on the list.
ANSWER
backfire
to have the reverse of the desired expected effect
Sample Sentence:
showcase
a setting or an occasion for exhibing something or someone in an attractive or favorable manner.
Sample Sentence:
move a needle
a noticeable difference in something.
Sample Sentence:
turn out
to produce
Sample Sentence:
mount up
to increase
Sample Sentence:
Data Interpretation
Listen to your tutor as he/she reads the text.
Study and interpret the given data. Then, discuss with your tutor.
Question
A meeting was called by the company’s operations manager. He asked you to present the revenues and expenses over the course of 3 months. As a start-up publishing house, you are experimenting on which paper you’d use for your magazines to give satisfaction to your readers, as well as to gain profit for the company.
• introduce the general idea
• enumerate main points
• make a conclusion
ANSWER
Problem-solving
Read the passage below silently. Then, discuss with your tutor.
In your discussion, talk about how you would deal with the situation.
Read the passage below silently.
The operations manager became interested in your report that he requested you to elaborate on the potential result if woodfree paper would still be the material used for printing your magazines. Woodfree paper had been the recommended paper type to be used on your publication and you need to convince the operations manager that you could still have a better quality of publications with a lower expense on paper. Cite ways on how you would go about communicating the possible outcomes of your proposal.
discussion
discussion
Sample Answer
Expressing Opinions
Read the text silently. Express your opinion on each statement in 4-5 sentences.
ANSWER
It is always better to save more than to spend more.
Answer:
Sometimes, one that has started in a good way could end in a bad way.
Answer:
Communication between departments and its people in a company is very important.
Answer:

8 Presentation – Setting an action plan

Words and Phrases
Study the following words and expressions together with their definitions with your tutor.
Then, construct your own sentences using each word/expression on the list.
ANSWER
build up
the act of increasing
Sample Sentence:
bottom up
to reach the lowest point
Sample Sentence:
contingency plan
a backup plan
Sample Sentence:
ballpark figure
an estimate
Sample Sentence:
website traffic
the amount of data sent and received by a website
Sample Sentence:
Data Interpretation
Listen to your tutor as he/she reads the text.
Study and interpret the given data. Then, discuss with your tutor.
Question
You are a public relations officer at a travel agency. Your company would like you to present the website traffic for the month of January.
• introduce the general idea
• enumerate main points
• make a conclusion
ANSWER
Problem-solving
Read the passage below silently. Then, discuss with your tutor.
In your discussion, talk about how you would deal with the situation.
Read the passage below silently.
(For the decline of website traffic as shown in the graph in Activity 2.) During your presentation of the graph, your supervisor wants you to propose an impromptu action plan to increase the website traffic. How would you design your action plan with social media as your main tool?
discussion
discussion
Sample Answer
Expressing Opinions
Read the text silently. Express your opinion on each statement in 4-5 sentences.
ANSWER
In setting an action plan, it’s important to have a contingency plan.
Answer:
In the planning phase, a ballpark figure is acceptable.
Answer:
Employees must be able to give spontaneous action plans.
Answer:

7 Presentation – Proposing products or services to clients

Words and Phrases
Study the following words and expressions together with their definitions with your tutor.
Then, construct your own sentences using each word/expression on the list.
ANSWER
authentic
not copied; reliable

Sample Sentence:
groundbreaking
something new and innovative
Sample Sentence:
up-to-the-minute
most updated; latest
Sample Sentence:
raise the bar
to set the standards higher by creating something better
Sample Sentence:
go the extra mile
to do more than what people expect

Sample Sentence:
Data Interpretation
Listen to your tutor as he/she reads the text.
Study and interpret the given data. Then, discuss with your tutor.
Question
The 2017 Automobile Summit was already set, and you’re assigned to present the earnings of the current top five selling cars.
• introduce the general idea
• enumerate main points
• make a conclusion
ANSWER
Problem-solving
Read the passage below silently. Then, discuss with your tutor.
In your discussion, talk about how you would deal with the situation.
Read the passage below silently.
As the 2017 Automobile Summit reaches its conclusion, it turns out that the number of cars sold for the past 6 years has plummeted, and did not reach the target of at least 30% of sales. The worsening of traffic conditions in most Asian countries resulted in more people taking the public transportation. As part of the automotive industry, how would you encourage the public to purchase a car and boost the automotive industry?
discussion
discussion
Sample Answer
Expressing Opinions
Read the text silently. Express your opinion on each statement in 4-5 sentences.
ANSWER
Do you agree that the quality of sales presentation will determine whether or not a prospect client will choose your product over a competitor’s product?
Answer:
How can you motivate a customer or client to seal the deal?
Answer:
Do you consider yourself good at sales talk?
Answer:

6 Presentation – Proposing Projects

Words and Phrases
Study the following words and expressions together with their definitions with your tutor.
Then, construct your own sentences using each word/expression on the list.
ANSWER
corner a market
to dominate a particular market
Sample Sentence:
perhaps
used to express uncertainty or possibility
Sample Sentence:
venture
a risky undertaking
Sample Sentence:
catch on
to understand what is meant
Sample Sentence:
draw up
prepare a plan, proposal, agreement or document in detail
Sample Sentence:
Data Interpretation
Listen to your tutor as he/she reads the text.
Study and interpret the given data. Then, discuss with your tutor.
Question
You are a business unit director in an advertising agency. Your client asked you to present the media habits and consumption of the target market of his product. The information will be useful in creating strategies and tactics for the upcoming advertising campaign of his product. The target market of the product is the group of males from class ABC ages 18 to 35 years old.
• introduce the general idea
• enumerate main points
• make a conclusion
ANSWER
Problem-solving
Read the passage below silently. Then, discuss with your tutor.
In your discussion, talk about how you would deal with the situation.
Read the passage below silently.
(For the upcoming advertising campaign of his product as shown in the graph in Activity 2) During your presentation, your client asked for your recommendation. Propose the top 3 most appropriate media for the latest advertising campaign of their product based on the media habits and consumption of the target market.
discussion
discussion
Sample Answer
Expressing Opinions
Read the text silently. Express your opinion on each statement in 4-5 sentences.
ANSWER
I practice my presentation.
Answer:
Reading notes while doing the presentation is good.
Answer:
I should make an eye contact with my audience.
Answer:

5 Presentation – Reporting Progress

Words and Phrases
Study the following words and expressions together with their definitions with your tutor.
Then, construct your own sentences using each word/expression on the list.
ANSWER
acquire
obtain or develop
Sample Sentence:
call (somebody) up
call a person by phone
Sample Sentence:
prompt
done quickly and without delay
Sample Sentence:
pass (something) out
to distribute something to someone
Sample Sentence:
disruption
an interruption in a process
Sample Sentence:
Data Interpretation
Listen to your tutor as he/she reads the text.
Study and interpret the given data. Then, discuss with your tutor.
Question
Prime company has a summary of its sales for the year 2016. You’re assigned to explain the sales improvement based on the graph below.
• introduce the general idea
• enumerate main points
• make a conclusion
ANSWER
Problem-solving
Read the passage below silently. Then, discuss with your tutor.
In your discussion, talk about how you would deal with the situation.
Read the passage below silently.
The agency implemented the management plan published last month. It seemed to have a negative impact on the employees due to the following reasons: (a) lengthy documents, (b) lengthy reports, (c) weekend work, and (d) unpaid overtime. There was a decline in performance and attendance. Motivation is lacking within the workplace. How should you go about reporting the progress, and in solving the issue regarding the new management setup?
discussion
discussion
Sample Answer
Expressing Opinions
Read the text silently. Express your opinion on each statement in 4-5 sentences.
ANSWER
Reporting should be strategical.
Answer:
I’d focus on results, not just the activities.
Answer:
Progress report is informative.
Answer:

4 Presentation – Giving a speech

Words and Phrases
Study the following words and expressions together with their definitions with your tutor.
Then, construct your own sentences using each word/expression on the list.
ANSWER
branch out
to start business activity that’s different from your usual activity
Sample Sentence:
investment
act of putting money or effort into something to make a profit or gain something
Sample Sentence:
speech
a formal address delivered to an audience
Sample Sentence:
advertisement
a notice promoting a product in a public medium
Sample Sentence:
key in
to input information by pressing a key on the keyboard
Sample Sentence:
Data Interpretation
Listen to your tutor as he/she reads the text.
Study and interpret the given data. Then, discuss with your tutor.
Question
You’re assigned to talk about the downfall of the company’s 2016 sales.
• introduce the general idea
• enumerate main points
• make a conclusion
ANSWER
Problem-solving
Read the passage below silently. Then, discuss with your tutor.
In your discussion, talk about how you would deal with the situation.
Read the passage below silently.
The president wants you to prepare a speech about how the company became successful. He wants the 2016 sales report to be included in the speech. You know that the sales rate for that year was not very promising. He wants you to change the numbers so that the investors would be impressed with the company and invest in it in the future. How would you handle this?

discussion
discussion
Sample Answer
Expressing Opinions
Read the text silently. Express your opinion on each statement in 4-5 sentences.
ANSWER
It’s important to give an informative speech.
Answer:
A long and senseless speech will surely bore your audience.
Answer:
I’d rather write a speech than deliver one in front of many people.
Answer:

3 Meeting – Effective Brainstorming

Words and Phrases
Study the following words and expressions together with their definitions with your tutor.
Then, construct your own sentences using each word/expression on the list.
ANSWER
eliminate
to remove; to get rid of
Sample Sentence:
cheer up
make happier
Sample Sentence:
introvert
a shy person
Sample Sentence:
collaborate
work jointly in an activity
Sample Sentence:
hand
to pass something to somebody else
Sample Sentence:
Data Interpretation
Listen to your tutor as he/she reads the text.
Study and interpret the given data. Then, discuss with your tutor.
Question
You’ll be having a meeting with your team to discuss the sales rate for Product A and Product B for year 2016.
• introduce the general idea
• enumerate main points
• make a conclusion
ANSWER
Problem-solving
Read the passage below silently. Then, discuss with your tutor.
In your discussion, talk about how you would deal with the situation.
Read the passage below silently.
Based on the 2016 Sales Report, your company experienced decrease in sales in the last few months of the year. For 2017, your company wants to launch a new product. Brainstorm with your team. Talk about the strategies and techniques that you have to implement in order to boost the sales.
discussion
discussion
Sample Answer
Expressing Opinions
Read the text silently. Express your opinion on each statement in 4-5 sentences.
ANSWER
Staying focused on the topic can give you creative ideas.
Answer:
Know what you want, and what to do with it.
Answer:
Brainstorming is necessary.
Answer:

Talking about skills

単語を確認しよう!(VOCABULARY CHECK)
Let’s read the meaning and examples of each word aloud. Please repeat after me.
読んでみよう!(ANSWER)
1. choice 選択
words: [noun:名詞] an option
example: Kindly write a news article of your choice .
2. previous 以前の、前の
words: [noun:形用詞] occuring before something else
example: It was also my task in my previous job.
3. strict 厳しい、厳密な
words: [noun:形容詞] demanding that rules be obeyed
example: Please be a little strict with me when you give your feedback.
4. research 研究
words: [noun:名詞 複数形 researches] a systematic study of a subject
example: I also did research .
5. promotional 販売促進する
words: [noun:形容詞] devised to publicize or advertise a product
example: I also made promotional materials.
6. keen eye 鋭い視力
words: [noun:イディオム] ability to notice something easily
example: I believe you have a keen eye .for details.
7. creative 創造的な独創的な
words: [noun:形容詞] having good imagination or original ideas
example: I also think you are very creative , so I expect good results.
単語を使おう!(MAKE A SENTENCE)
Make sentences using the given vocabulary words.
文を作ってみよう!(ANSWER)
choice
Answer:
previous
Answer:
strict
Answer:
research
Answer:
promotional
Answer:
keen eye
Answer:
creative
Answer:
音読問題(Reading)
We will read aloud the dialogue below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
読もう!(ANSWER)
Tutor: “Hi, Yuri! I have a task for you. Kindly write a news article of your (1) choice.
Will this be your first time?”
Student: “No, it was also my task in my (2) previous job. I think I can do this task,
but please be a little (3) strictwith me when you give your feedback.”
Tutor: I’ll take note of that. What were your other tasks in your previous job?
Student: I also did (4) research and made (5) promotional materials.
Tutor: “Impressive! I believe you have a (6) keen eyefor details.
I also think you are very (7) creative, so I expect good results.”
Student: I will do my best, Ms. James. I will submit my article as soon as possible.
穴埋め問題(Note-taking)
Read aloud, filling in the blanks as you remember the sentence you just read.
答えてみよう!(ANSWER)
Tutor: “Hi, Yuri! I have a task for you. Kindly write a news article of your (1) .
Will this be your first time?”
Student: “No, it was also my task in my (2) job. I think I can do this task,
but please be a little (3) with me when you give your feedback.”
Tutor: I also did (4) and made (5) materials.
Student: “Sure we will. We are not that (4) from the office.
Anyway, the presentation starts at 7:30am so we have enough time to (5) .”
Tutor: “Impressive! I believe you have a (6) for details.
I also think you are very (7) , so I expect good results.”
Student: I will do my best, Ms. James. I will submit my article as soon as possible.
返答選択問題(Appropriate Response)
Your tutor will read the following statements.
Choose the appropriate response for each item.
問1(question 1)
Will this be your first time to write an article?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. It wasn’t also my task in my previous job.
b. Maybe, it was my task in my previous job.
c. Kind of, it was my task in my previous job.
d. No, it was also my task in my previous job.
問2(question 2)
Please be a little strict with me when you give your feedback.
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. I’ll take note of that.
b. We’ll see.
c. Impressive!
d. I don’t think it’s necessary.
問3(question 3)
What were your other tasks?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. I also did research.
b. I love playing computer games.
c. My hobbies are cooking and sleeping.
d. I can write songs.
問4(question 4)
I expect good results.
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. You’ll have them someday.
b. I’ll give them to you.
c. I’ll do my best.
d. I always give bad results.
問5(question 5)
When can you submit your work?
返答として正しいものは?(ANSWER)
a. I will submit my article next year.
b. I will submit my article as soon as possible.
c. I’m not sure yet.
d. Maybe next time.

2 Meeting – Managing Discussions

Words and Phrases
Study the following words and expressions together with their definitions with your tutor.
Then, construct your own sentences using each word/expression on the list.
ANSWER
to back up
(of vehicles) form into a queue due to congestion
Sample Sentence:
pitch in
vigorously join in to help with a task or activity
Sample Sentence:
wrap up
put on (or dress someone in) warm clothes
Sample Sentence:
implement
put (a decision, plan, agreement, etc.) into effect
Sample Sentence:
collaborate
work jointly on an activity or project
Sample Sentence:
Data Interpretation
Listen to your tutor as he/she reads the text.
Study and interpret the given data. Then, discuss with your tutor.
Question
You are tasked to present the annual sales report for the past three years for ABC Electronics using the figures shown below.
• introduce the general idea
• enumerate main points
• make a conclusion
ANSWER
Problem-solving
Read the passage below silently. Then, discuss with your tutor.
In your discussion, talk about how you would deal with the situation.
Read the passage below silently.
Nowadays, most employees think that attending a meeting is a complete waste of time. According to a survey of U.S. professionals by Salary.com, meetings ranked as the number one office productivity killer.How would you change that kind of thinking among your employees?
discussion
discussion
Sample Answer
Expressing Opinions
Read the text silently. Express your opinion on each statement in 4-5 sentences.
ANSWER
What are the things that you should do when managing or conducting a meeting?
Answer:
Are careful planning and time management important when hosting a meeting? If yes, why? And if no, why not? Discuss your answer.
Answer:
How will you ensure that you have meaningful and productive discussions during meetings?
Answer:

1 Meeting – Setting an Agenda

Words and Phrases
Study the following words and expressions together with their definitions with your tutor.
Then, construct your own sentences using each word/expression on the list.
ANSWER
agenda
a list or outline of things to be done or considered
Sample Sentence:
minutes
the official notes kept during a meeting
Sample Sentence:
address
to resolve a problem
Sample Sentence:
go over
to check something in a careful or detailed way
Sample Sentence:
end up
turn out to be
Sample Sentence:
Data Interpretation
Listen to your tutor as he/she reads the text.
Study and interpret the given data. Then, discuss with your tutor.
Question
In the upcoming interdepartmental meeting, you’re assigned to explain the 2016 Sales Report of Smartphone Units.
• introduce the general idea
• enumerate main points
• make a conclusion
ANSWER
Problem-solving
Read the passage below silently. Then, discuss with your tutor.
In your discussion, talk about how you would deal with the situation.
Read the passage below silently.
As a conclusion of the recent meeting with department heads, you need to relay the information about the 2016 Sales Report of Smartphone Units to your team, and come up with an action plan for this year’s marketing and advertising plan. The decrease in sales in smartphone units in the 3rd quarter was due to the problem with the production around July. It resulted in the delay in product release.
discussion
discussion
Sample Answer
Expressing Opinions
Read the text silently. Express your opinion on each statement in 4-5 sentences.
ANSWER
I’d rather head the meeting than write the minutes.
Answer:
Setting an agenda is the most important part of a meeting.
Answer:
Long meetings are productive.
Answer:

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