Welfare is a government program that gives financial support to people who are sick, unemployed, old, and poor. Its aim is to help the socially disabled to meet their basic needs such as foods, education, a safe place to live, and access to health services. The word “welfare” was first used in Britain in the 13th century which means “condition of being or doing well”.
In Japan, many welfare programs are giving importance to elderly people as their population continues to increase. According to studies, by the year 2050, around 40% of Japan’s population will be made up of old people and in the same year, the population count will drop to 96 million. Because of this, the Japanese government has formed many welfare programs particularly for elderly people to provide financial and health support. In addition, there are some of them who become depressed after they retire, thus, it is important that the government also encourage them to join some social groups to build relationships.