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Per-level Intermediate: Health and Sickness (Review)

PART A_1

In this lesson, you will be able to:
learn words about health and sickness
express your opinions about specific topics

PART B_1

Please read aloud the following words and their meanings. Then, complete the sentences using the words below.

PART B_2

dizzy [adjective] feeling shaky
therapy [noun] treatment or cure to a sickness
frighten [verb] to feel fear
exercise [noun] physical activity that makes the body strong and healthy
hospital [noun] a place where the sick and injured are given medical care

 

1. I was so ____________ when I found out the results.
2. They went to the ____________ the moment he felt ill.
3. I need to ____________ every day to keep my body fit.
4. You’re going to need some serious physical ____________.
5. He felt ____________ after the game.

PART B_3

Now, let us review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)
ANSWERS
1. I was so frightened when I found out the results.
2. They went to the hospital the moment he felt ill.
3. I need to exercise every day to keep my body fit.
4. You’re going to need some serious physical therapy.
5. He felt dizzy after the game.

PART C_1

Please construct your own sentences using the following words.

PART C_2

1. dizzy Answer: .
2. therapy Answer: .
3. frighten Answer: .
4. exercise Answer: .
5. hospital Answer: .

PART C_3

Now, let us review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART D_1

Please complete each sentence by choosing the correct answer in the box below.

PART D_2

therapy dizzy medicine
hospital frighten exercise
1. Regular ____________ has a big effect on fitness and health.
2. I’ve never been so ____________ in my life.
3. She felt ____________, so she sat for a while.
4. Her son doesn’t want to go to the ____________ .
5. The ____________ is not working on her.

PART D_3

Now, let us review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)
ANSWERS
1. Regular exercise has a big effect on fitness and health.
2. I’ve never been so frightened in my life.
3. She felt dizzy, so she sat for a while.
4. Her son doesn’t want to go to the hospital.
5. The therapy is not working on her.

PART E_1

Let’s talk. Please answer the questions by stating your opinions.

PART E_2

1. Some people say that staying at home when sick is better than going to the hospital. What do you think about that?
Answer:
2. It’s better to rest when sick than to take medicine. Do you agree or disagree?
Answer:

PART F_1

Now, I will ask you the following questions. You may ask questions, too.

PART F_2

1. Do you exercise? Why or why not?
Answer:
2. What do you do to stay healthy?
Answer:
3. How often do you get sick?
Answer:
4. What do you do when you get sick?
Answer:
5. Do you think eating fruits and vegetables will help people stay healthy?
Answer:
6. Do you think losing weight makes a person healthy?
Answer:
7. Do you think drinking alcohol is unhealthy?

YE_News-5

PART A_1

First, let me ask the following questions about you.

PART A_2

What is your hobby?

PART A_3

My hobby is ______________. How about you?

PART A_4

My hobby is ______________. I do it every _______.
How often do you do your hobby?

PART A_5

I do it every __________.

PART A_6

Thank you for answering my questions. Now, let’s begin our lesson.

PART B_1

We will read aloud the words below. Please repeat after me. I will check your pronunciation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART B_2

trap
contain
unsure
represent
gather
PART B_3

Now, let’s review some words from part B_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part B_2.)

PART B_4

PART B_5

Please make 3 sentences to describe the picture below.

PART B_6

ye_news

1.
2.
3.
PART B_7

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_8

PART B_9

Now, we’ll read the sample answers. Please repeat after me.

PART B_10

1. There are two scientists.
2. They are in the laboratory.
3. They are conducting experiments.
PART C_1

You will read aloud the passage below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART C_2

Scientists from Brown University have discovered that there is a good bit of water inside the moon. According to the associate professor at Brown University, they found water trapped in glass beads. These beads are from the ashes and rocks of volcanic eruptions. They have also mentioned that almost all of the volcanic materials show signatures of water which means that a large part of the moon is wet.
In 2008, the volcanic beads that were brought back by the Apollo in 1971 and 1972 were examined. They found crystalline formations that contain water. However, they were unsure if these samples represented either the whole moon or just a small part of it. To confirm this, they studied the samples again. They were able to gather more evidence to prove that the volcanic materials were spread all over the moon.

PART C_3

We’ll read aloud the sentences. Please repeat after me. I will check your intonation.

PART C_4

1. Scientists from Brown University have discovered that there is a good bit of water inside the moon.
2. According to the associate professor at Brown University, they found water trapped in glass beads.
3. These beads are from the ashes and rocks of volcanic eruptions.
4. They have also mentioned that almost all of the volcanic materials show signatures of water which means that a large part of the moon is wet.
5. In 2008, the volcanic beads that were brought back by the Apollo in 1971 and 1972 were examined.
6. They found crystalline formations that contain water.
7. However, they were unsure if these samples represented either the whole moon or just a small part of it.
8. To confirm this, they studied the samples again.
9. They were able to gather more evidence that proved that the volcanic materials were spread all over the moon.

PART C_5

Now, let’s review some words from part C_4.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part C_4.)

PART C_6

PART C_7

Based on the passage, please choose a word to complete each sentence. Then, read aloud the sentences.

PART C_8

evidence
volcanic
crystalline

1. These beads are from the ashes and rocks of _________ eruptions.
2. They found _________ formations that contain water.
3. They were able to gather more _________ to prove that the volcanic materials were spread all over the moon.

PART C_9

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_10

PART D_1

Please answer the following question.
I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART D_2

Question: Are you interested in space? Why or why not?
Answer: (Yes, I am / No, I’m not) because

PART D_3

Now, let’s review your answer.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART D_4

PART E_1

Now, let’s answer the following questions. Your answer should start with “Yes/No”.
Give at least one reason to support your opinion. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART E_2

1. Do you like watching movies about space? Why or why not?
Answer: (Yes, I do / No, I don’t) because
2. In the future, do you think humans can live on other planets?
Answer: (Yes, I do / No, I don’t) because
PART E_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART E_4

PART F_1

Let’s do a free talk about the following topic.
(Please do a free talk if you have time left.)

PART F_2

Do you want to go to the moon?

PART F_3

Y_CⅡ_Lesson-3-1

PART A_1

We will read aloud the words below. Please repeat after me. I will check your pronunciation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART A_2

discovery 発見
aircraft 航空機
principle 原理、原則
civilization 文明
exist 存在する、現存する
halfway 中間の

PART A_3

Now, let’s review some words from part A_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part A_2.)

PART A_4

PART A_5

Now, please look at the picture below. Please describe 3 people.

PART A_6

Y_CⅡ_Lesson-1

1. .
2. .
3. .
PART A_7

Now, let’s review some words from part A_6.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part A_6.)

PART A_8

PART B_1

Please read aloud the passage below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART B_2

Some people believe that ancient Egyptians knew the principles of flying. With the discovery of the Saqqara Bird in 200 B.C, people thought of it as an actual aircraft model because ancient Egyptians often put models of actual inventions in tombs. A model based on the Saqqara bird’s design was tested and was discovered that it could have flown. Thousands of years after that, a part of an ancient writing system that seems to be a helicopter was seen in the Temple of Seti The First built at around 1280 B.C. However, what ancient Egyptians knew about aircraft remains unknown.
The Quimbaya civilization which existed halfway across the world is what is now called South America. They are popular for their gold antiques. Among them was an airplane-like antique, which was possibly a model of a bird or an insect. However, some people believed that it can fly so in the 1990’s, it was tested with an engine and it flew above the ground.
About the same time with the Quimbaya civilization, the Mayan civilization existed. Some people thought that the ancient Mayans are familiar with space travel because of Pakal I’s tomb. Pakal I ruled from A.D. 615 to 683 and was buried in a spaceship-like tomb. Until now, the mystery behind the ancient models has not been solved.

PART B_3

Now, let’s review some words and sentences from part B_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and sentences from part B_2.)

PART B_4

PART B_5

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the passage. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.
(Please send the sentences that need grammar corrections to your student.)

PART B_6

1. What did some people believe about ancient Egyptians?
Answer: .
2. What did people think of the Saqqara Bird?
Answer: .
3. What was seen in the Temple of Seti The First?
Answer: .
4. What is the Quimbaya civilization popular for?
Answer: .
PART B_7

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_8

PART C_1

Please choose a word to complete each sentence. Then, read aloud the sentences.

PART C_2

discovery

aircraft

principle

exist

civilization

1. The ___________ was flown by an excellent pilot.
2. The ancient ______________ started living near rivers and lakes.
3. The town became famous because of the _____________ of gold.
PART C_3

Now, let’s review some words from part C_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part C_2.)

PART C_4

PART D_1

Please answer the following question. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART D_2

1. When was the last time you went to a museum?
Answer:
2. What is your opinion about people who sell and buy ancient art?
Answer:
3. What does the government in your country do to protect historic items?
Answer:
4. Do you know something about ancient Egypt?
Answer:
5. Do you think studying history is important?
Answer:
PART D_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART D_4

Y_NT4_Lesson8-2-Expert

PART A_1

We will read aloud the words below. Please repeat after me. I will check your pronunciation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART A_2

more than より多い
consistently 首尾一貫して、矛盾なく
numerous 多数の
precludes 不可能にする、 排除する
emphasis 強調、重要視
take for granted 当然のことと思う
dive 飛び込む
extend 広げる、拡大する

PART A_3

Now, let’s review some words from part A_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part A_2.)

PART A_4

PART B_1

Please read aloud the passage below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART B_2

Have you ever imagined connecting nine dots in three rows and three columns with no more than three straight lines? And the lines have to cross through all nine dots? Do you think it would be possible? For some people, it would be impossible. But if they would challenge their guesses, they would realize that one way to do that is by cutting the dots and lining them up in a straight line.
Thomas Edison, an American inventor and businessman, would usually offer a bowl of soup to applicants during the interview. He wanted to see if they would put salt to the soup even without tasting it first. This way, he would know who would rely too much on guesses. He did not want to hire people who do not consistently challenge the way they think.
Taking guesses affects numerous possibilities. It precludes effective solutions to the problems. That is why it is important to give emphasis on challenging the way they think. However, many things have been taken for granted. For instance, everyone would think that a lake is freezing cold, so no one ever dares to dive into the lake. People would never find out the truth unless they dive into the lake. If people would be able to consistently challenge the way they think, they could extend possibilities and find long-term solutions to their problems.

PART B_3

Now, let’s review some words and sentences from part B_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and sentences from part B_2.)

PART B_4

PART C_1

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the passage. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.
(Please send the sentences that need grammar corrections to your student.)

PART C_2

1. Who was the American inventor and businessman?
Answer: .
2. What would he usually offer to applicants during interviews?
Answer: .
3. What affects numerous possibilities?
Answer: .
4. How would people find out the truth?
Answer: .
5. How could people extend possibilities and find long-term solutions to their problems?
Answer: .
PART C_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_4

PART D_1

Please construct sentences using each word below.

PART D_2

more than .
consistently .
numerous .
emphasis .
extend .
PART D_3

Now, let’s review some words from part D_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part D_2.)

PART D_4

PART E_1

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on your opinion. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.
(Please send the sentences that need grammar corrections to your student.)

PART E_2

1. Do you think children would be more likely to make guesses than elderly people?
Answer: .
2. Do you agree that taking guesses affects numerous possibilities?
Answer: .
3. Why do you think some people take things for granted?
Answer: .
4. Why do you think some people are afraid to challenge the way they think?
Answer: .
5. What do you think influences the way people think?
Answer: .
6. Why are some people afraid to try new things?
Answer: .
7. Why should people be never afraid to ask questions?
Answer: .
PART E_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART E_4

Y_NT3_Lesson-11-1

PART A_1

Let’s introduce ourselves to each other.

PART A_2

PART A_3

PART B_1

We will read aloud the words below. Please repeat after me. I will check your pronunciation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART B_2

as if~ まるで~であるかのように
wings
lottery 宝くじ、福引き
crackers クラッカー
forever 永久に
engine エンジン
PART B_3

Now, let’s review some words from part B_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part B_2.)
PART B_4

PART C_1

We will read aloud the sentences below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)
PART C_2

1. If the engine ran properly, I would have picked you up at the bus station.
2. If I had wings, I would fly around Tokyo.
3. If I were not busy, I would show you around the city.
4. If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we will walk around the park before my Tokyo tour.
5. I can’t stay at home all day as if I was sick.
6. If I won the lottery, I could buy a house here in Tokyo.

PART C_3

Now, let’s review some words and sentences from part C_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and sentences from part C_2.)

PART C_4

PART D_1

We will read aloud the dialogue below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions that need improvements to your student.)

PART D_2

TUTOR: Welcome to Tokyo, Kei! Too bad my car broke down today. If the engine ran properly, I would have picked you up at the bus station.
STUDENT: Thank you, Jenny. It’s okay. I’m so excited for tomorrow! If I had wings, I would fly around Tokyo.
TUTOR: I’m excited for you. If I were not busy, I would show you around the city.
STUDENT: Don’t worry. If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we will walk around the park before my Tokyo tour.
TUTOR: That’s great. I can’t stay at home all day as if I was sick. It feels like forever.
STUDENT: I hope I can visit you here more often. If I won the lottery, I could buy a house here in Tokyo.
TUTOR: I hope you win the lottery soon! Anyway, I am hungry. I wish I had bought some snacks for us.
STUDENT: Before I forget, I brought some rice crackers yesterday. Just get them in my bag.
PART D_3

Now, let’s review some words and sentences from part D_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and sentences that need improvements from part D_2.)

PART D_4

PART E_1

You will answer the questions below by using the grammar topics you learned.
I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.
(Please send the sentences that need grammar corrections to your student.)

PART E_2

1. What would you like to do if you were eight years older?
Answer:
2. If you could be a bird for a day, what would you do?
Answer:
3. What would you do if you won the lottery?
Answer:
4. If you were the president of your country, what would you do?
Answer:
5. What would you do if you saw a spider on your arm?
Answer:
6. If you could be the richest person in the world for a day, what would you do?
Answer:
PART E_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART E_4

PART F_1

Now, you will ask me the questions below using the grammar topics you learned.
I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.
(Please send the sentences that need grammar corrections to your student.)

PART F_2

Student: ?
Tutor: If I were not busy, I would sleep all day.
Student: ?
Tutor: If I won the contest, I could buy an expensive bag.
Student: ?
Tutor: If it rains tomorrow, I will stay at home.
Student: ?
Tutor: If I had a free airplane ticket, I would fly to New York.
Student: ?
Tutor: If I were five years younger, I would work as a nurse abroad.
Student: ?
Tutor: If you came home early, I would have prepared dinner for you.
PART F_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART F_4

PART G_1

Let’s do a free talk about the following topics.
(Please do a free talk if you have time left.)

PART G_2

PART G_3

Per-level Beginner: Coordinating Conjunctions (Review)

LESSON GOAL

Let’s check our lesson goal.
In this material, you will identify the proper use of coordinating conjunctions and construct sentences using coordinating conjunctions.

PART A_1

Please read aloud the following sentences.

PART A_2

1. This gift is for my friend.
2. His favorite sports are basketball and football.
3. She wants to play outside but she must study first.
4. Bill will not go outside, nor will let his friends go inside his house.
5. Timmy likes singing so he joins singing contests.
6. You can go to gym later or just go tomorrow.
7. She is sick yet she still plays badminton.

PART B_1

Please read aloud the example sentences of each item. Then, construct your own sentences using the following words.

PART B_2

1. but Example: Jane wants to play outside but it’s raining.
Answer: .
2. and Example: He likes to eat pizza and ice cream.
Answer: .
3. nor Example: Jack does not like biking, nor does he like swimming.
Answer: .
4. for Example: Emma likes to sing for her mother.
Answer: .
5. so Example: David likes to take pictures so he bought a camera.
Answer: .
6. or Example: You can either go with them or with us.
Answer: .
7. yet Example: He is smart yet he is a lazy person.
Answer: .

PART B_3

Now, let us review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_1

Please complete each sentence by choosing the correct answer in the box below.

PART C_2

but nor so
yet for and
1. She wants to learn how to speak in English __________ she started taking online lessons.
2. We are buying gifts __________ his birthday tomorrow.
3. Her favorite sports are badminton __________ football.
4. He wants to play outside with his friends __________ his mother said no.
5. Minda doesn’t sing __________ dance.
6. Owen has tests tomorrow __________ he chose to play computer games.

PART C_3

Now, let us review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)
ANSWERS
1. She wants to learn how to speak in English so she started taking online lessons.
2. We are buying gifts for his birthday tomorrow.
3. Her favorite sports are badminton and football.
4. He wants to play outside with his friends but his mother said no.
5. Minda doesn’t sing nor dance.
6. Owen has tests tomorrow yet he chose to play computer games.

PART D_1

Let’s talk. Please answer my questions. You may ask questions, too.

PART D_2

1. What do you do on weekends?
Answer:
2. Which school subject do you like better? English or Mathematics?
Answer:
3. Which language do you mostly use at home, Japanese or English?
Answer:
4. What do you usually do after class?
Answer:
5. Do you like cooking for your friends?
Answer:
6. Have you played a musical instrument for someone?
Answer:
7. Which do you prefer to eat, pizza or cake?
Answer:

REVIEW AND FEEDBACK

Now, let us review the things that you learned in this lesson.
(Please give a short feedback on how your student did on your class.)
Grammar
文法
Pronunciation 発音 Vocabulary
単語
Comprehension
理解
GOOD 文法の誤りはほとんどなく、完全な文章で話すことができる ほとんどの単語をはっきりと正しく発音することができる 習った表現を適切に使うことができる 文章を理解し、質問に正しく答えることができる

FAIR
文法の誤りはあるが、完全な文章で話すことができる 発音の練習が必要な言葉がいくつかある たまにミスはあるが、習った表現を適切に使うことができる 文章を完全に理解するのは難しく、質問に正しく答えられないときもある

POOR
文章で話すのは難しく、単語だけで話すことができる 発音の練習が必要である 習った単語と表現を少しだけ使うことができる 文章を理解するのは難しく、質問に答えるのは難しい
TUTOR FEEDBACK

GRAMMAR
Good: Was able to speak in complete sentences with minimal grammatical errors.
Fair: Was able to speak in complete sentences with evident grammatical errors.
Poor: Was able to speak using words only.
PRONUNCIATION
Good: Was able to pronounce most of the words clearly and correctly.
Fair: Mispronounced a few words.
Poor: Mispronounced most of the words.
VOCABULARY
Good: Used appropriate expressions learned in class.
Fair: Used appropriate expressions learned in class and made a few errors in word choice.
Poor: Used only a few words and expressions.
COMPREHENSION
Good: Was able to understand the passages and answer the questions correctly.
Fair: Had a little difficulty in understanding passages and answering questions.
Poor: Had a hard time understanding passages and answering questions.

Per-level Beginner: Why – Because (Review)

LESSON GOAL

Let’s check our lesson goal.
In this material, you will identify the proper use of why and because and construct sentences using why and because.

PART A_1

Please read aloud the following sentences.

PART A_2

1. Why are you sad?
I’m sad because my dog ran away.
2. Why aren’t you sleeping yet?
It’s because I have to study for my tests tomorrow.
3. Why do you want to study English?
It’s because I want to speak English well.

PART B_1

Please read aloud the question for each item. Then, answer the following questions using the given words/phrases.

PART B_2

EXAMPLE Question: Why do you think exercising is good?
it makes us healthy Answer: Exercising is good because it makes us healthy.
1. pass the tests Question: Why are you happy?
Answer: .
2. buy shoes Question: Why are you going to the mall?
Answer: .
3. go swimming Question: Why are you wearing a swimsuit?
Answer: .
4. pick up my parents Question: Why are you going to the airport?
Answer: .
5. I’m hungry Question: Why are you cooking?
Answer: .
6. still at school Question: Why are you not home yet?
Answer: .
7. lost my phone Example: Why are you crying?
Answer: .
PART B_3

Now, let us review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_1

Please complete each sentence by choosing the correct answer in the box below.

PART C_2

fever storm leave
classes work foreign country
1. Why did you __________ school early?
I left school early because I have a __________ .
2. Why are there no __________ tomorrow?
There are no classes tomorrow because of the __________.
3. Why do you want to work in a __________ ?
It’s because I want to __________ with different people.

PART D_3

Now, let us review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)
ANSWERS
1. Why did you leave early?
I left school early because I have a fever.
2. Why are there no classes tomorrow?
There are no classes tomorrow because of the holiday.
3. Why do you want to work in a foreign country?
It’s because I want to work with different people.

PART D_1

Let’s talk. Please answer my questions. You may ask questions, too.

PART D_2

1. Why do you like to study English?
Answer:
2. Why is it important to study before examinations?
Answer:
3. Why do you think many people likes to shop?
Answer:
4. Why do you think many people likes to travel??
Answer:
5. Why do most students use internet for studying?
Answer:
6. Why is it important to eat healthy foods?
Answer:
7. Why do you think is sleeping early at night is a good thing?
Answer:

Per-level Beginner: How – So (Review)

LESSON GOAL

Let’s check our lesson goal.
In this material, you will identify the proper use of how and so and construct sentences using how and so.

PART A_1

Please read aloud the following sentences.

PART A_2

1. How did you learn baking?
My mother taught me so that I can bake on my own.
2. How do you go to work every day?
I go to work by train so that I will not be late.
3. How can you make beautiful paintings?
I use good paint and brushes so that my paintings will look beautiful.

PART B_1

Please read aloud the question for each item. Then, answer the following questions using the given words/phrases.

PART B_2

EXAMPLE Question: How many cups of rice do you usually eat?
two cups of rice Answer: I usually eat two cups of rice so that I will not be hungry.
1. every week Question: How often do you go shopping?
Answer: .
2. for a week Question: How long do you study for your examinations?
Answer: .
3. every day Question: How often do you read newspaper?
Answer: .
4. going on a trip Question: How do you spend time with your family?
Answer: .
5. online Question: How do you buy your things?
Answer: .
6. cook books Question: How did you learn how to cook?
Answer: .
7. every day Example: How often do you exercise?
Answer: .

PART B_3

Now, let us review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_1

Please complete each sentence by choosing the correct answer in the box below.

PART C_2

meals buy eat
often five travel
1. How many bottles did you __________?
I bought __________ so that we have extra bottles.
2. How many __________ do you eat in one day?
I __________ three meals in one day so that I can stay healthy.
3. How __________ do you travel?
I __________ when I have free time so that I can relax.

PART C_3

Now, let us review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)
ANSWERS
1. How many bottles did you buy?
We bought five so that we have extra bottles.
2. How many meals do you eat in one day?
I eat three meals in one day.
3. How often do you travel?
I travel when I have free time.

PART D_1

Let’s talk. Please answer my questions. You may ask questions, too.

PART D_2

1. How often do you watch movies?
Answer:
2. How do you keep your room clean?
Answer:
3. How often do you go shopping?
Answer:
4. How do you go to work/school?
Answer:
5. How often do you exercise?
Answer:
6. How much money do you spend on grocery shopping?
Answer:
7. How long do you usually sleep?
Answer:

Y_Unite2_Lesson-4

PART A_1

We will read aloud the words below. Please repeat after me. I will check your pronunciation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART A_2

cut down 切り倒す
clean up きれいにする
throw away 捨てる
recycle リサイクル
pollution 汚染

PART A_3

Now, let’s review some words from part A_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and expressions from part A_2.)

PART A_4

PART B_1

You will read aloud the passage below. I will check your pronunciation and intonation.
(Please send the mispronounced words and expressions to your student.)

PART B_2

Protecting the environment and life on Earth
The environment is very important to all living things, especially to humans. It provides fresh water, clean air, food, home, and other basic needs. Life on Earth depends on nature, so it is humans’ duty to protect it.
One of the ways to protect the environment is to improve how humans manage waste materials such as recycling or throwing away bottles. Many businesses are now joining the race to save the environment. They use environment-friendly and recyclable materials for their products to reduce waste materials. Nowadays, most countries also use power from water and the sun. Using these sources of energy, walking more or using public transportation instead of driving a car can help prevent air pollution.
Planting trees is also an important way to save the environment. Trees improve the quality of air that living things breathe. Their roots also hold the soil together to prevent floods during heavy rains. Cutting down trees can seriously damage the environment and those who depend on it. To prevent this from happening, students should be taught how to protect and clean up the environment. Many schools are now making students plant trees to save the environment and life on Earth. This is a big step towards maintaining a healthy environment for future generations.

PART B_3

Now, let’s review some words and sentences from part B_2.
(Please review the mispronounced words and sentences from part B_2.)

PART B_4

PART B_5

I will ask the following questions. Please answer based on the passage. I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART B_6

1. Why is the environment very important to all living things, especially to humans?
Answer:
2. What do many businesses do to save the environment?
Answer:
3. Why is planting trees important?
Answer:
4. Why are many schools making students plant trees?
Answer:
PART B_7

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART B_8

PART C_1

Please construct sentences using each word below.

PART C_2

clean up
pollution
recycle
PART C_3

Now, let’s review your sentences.
(Please review your student’s sentences by sending them in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected sentences.)

PART C_4

PART D_1

Let’s study the example below. I will read the sample question, and you will read the sample answer.

PART D_2

Sample Question:
Studying English is important. Do you agree with that?
Sample Answer:
I agree. In my opinion, English is not only a school subject but a language that can be used in communication. To have a good future, we need to study English so we can have more opportunities to achieve success.
PART D_3

You will defend your opinion about the following topics. Your answer should have at least one reason.
Your answer should start with “I agree/ I disagree”.
I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART D_4

1. The use of plastic materials should be prevented all over the world. Do you agree with that?
Answer: I agree / I disagree
2. Modern technology causes damage to the environment. Do you agree with that?
Answer: I agree / I disagree
PART D_5

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART D_6

PART E_1

Now, please answer the following questions. Give at least one reason to support your opinion.
I will check if your sentences are complete and if the grammar is correct.

PART E_2

1. What do young people in your country do to prevent air and water pollution?
Answer:
2. What organizations in your country help protect the environment?
Answer:
3. What should the government do in order to save the environment?
Answer:
PART E_3

Now, let’s review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART E_4

Per-level Beginner: Modals (Review)

LESSON GOAL

Let’s check our lesson goal.
In this material, you will identify the proper use of modals of ability, necessity, permission and request and construct sentences using modals of ability, necessity, permission and request.

PART A_1

Please read aloud the following sentences.

PART A_2

1. I can speak English well.
2. I couldn’t play the piano.
3. I have to finish my homework tonight.
4. We must attend the meeting.
5. May I go to the restroom?
6. Can I come with you?
7. Could you please help me with this?

PART B_1

Please read aloud the example sentences of each item. Then, construct your own sentences using the following words.

PART B_2

1. can (ability) Example: He can run fast.
Answer: .
2. could (ability) Example: I could climb mountains when I was young.
Answer: .
3. have to Example: They have to attend the student meeting.
Answer: .
4. must Example: We must not be late.
Answer: .
5. may Example: You may leave early today.
Answer: .
6. can (permission) Example: Can I go to the party?
Answer: .
7. could (request) Example: Could you help me with the project?
Answer: .

PART B_3

Now, let us review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)

PART C_1

Please complete each sentence by choosing the correct answer in the box below.

PART C_2

can (permission) have to can (ability)
could (ability) must could (request)
1. He __________ play the piano so well.
2. My mother __________ dance ballet when she was in college.
3. I __________ look after my sister.
4. We __________ do our best at the competition.
5. __________ I borrow your pen?
6. __________ you please pass the salt?

PART C_3

Now, let us review your answers.
(Please review your student’s answers by sending the correct answers in complete sentences. After that, ask your student to read aloud his or her corrected answers.)
ANSWERS
1. He can play the piano so well.
2. My mother could dance ballet when she was in college.
3. I have to look after my sister.
4. We must do our best at the competition.
5. Can I borrow your pen?
6. Could you please pass the salt?

PART D_1

Let’s talk. Please answer my questions. You may ask questions, too.

PART D_2

1. Can you tell me why you want to study English?
Answer:
2. What sport can you play?
Answer:
3. What activity do you have to do every day?
Answer:
4. Do you think everyone must eat three times a day?
Answer:
5. Could you play any musical instruments?
Answer:
6. What do you have to do after this class?
Answer:
7. What instrument can you play?
Answer: