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JHS textbook: Comparative

PASSAGE READING

Please read aloud the following passage. I will check your pronunciation as you read.

READ

comparative_1

Jam asked her thirty-two classmates which they prefer when talking to a friend; through e-mail, letter or phone. The top 2 answers were through email and phone. Twenty of her classmates prefer e-mail because it is more convenient. The rest of her classmates said that phones are easier to use. They also mentioned that they find letters more personal and it takes more time to write, so they only write to their close friends.

COMPREHENSION CHECK

Please answer the following questions based on the passage.

ANSWER

1. What did Jam ask her classmates?
Answer:_______________________________________________

2. Why do they prefer e-mails?
Answer:_______________________________________________

3. Why do they only write letters to their close friends?
Answer:_______________________________________________

EXPRESSIONS

Describe the picture using the following expressions.

“… is more popular than …”
“… is the most popular …”

DESCRIBE

comparative_2

DESCRIBING A PICTURE

Please answer the following questions based on the picture.

ANSWER

1. What sport is more popular than soccer?
Answer:_______________________________________________

2. What is the most popular sport?
Answer:_______________________________________________

CONVERSATION PRACTICE

Please answer the following questions based on your experience.

ANSWER

1. Is your mother younger than your father?
Answer:_______________________________________________

2. Who is the youngest in your family?
Answer:_______________________________________________

3. Are you as tall as your father?
Answer:_______________________________________________

4. Is basketball more popular than soccer in your country?
Answer:_______________________________________________

5. What is the most popular sport in your country?
Answer:_______________________________________________

Eiken 2_5

DIRECTIONS

Read the passage silently for 20 seconds. Then, read the passage aloud in 1 minute starting from the title.

READ

Communication Skills

Communication means sending and receiving information. Employees need good communication skills at work. They need it to do their jobs correctly. By being able to communicate well, they can also avoid any problems with their colleagues. This will develop their working relationship as well. Employees should continue to improve such skills, and in this way, they can achieve their career goals.

QUESTION 1

Please look at the passage.
According to the passage, how can employees achieve their career goals?

ANSWER

QUESTION 2

Please look at the pictures and describe the situation.
Describe each picture in 2 sentences.

 
Your story should start with the following sentence:
One day, Ken was talking to his friend about traveling abroad.

PICTURE

Eiken 2_5

1st picture:
One day, Ken was talking to his friend about traveling abroad.
____________________________________________________________.
2nd picture:
____________________________________________________________.
____________________________________________________________.
3rd picture:
____________________________________________________________.
____________________________________________________________.

QUESTION 3

Now, I will ask you the following question. Please give 2 reasons to support your answer.
Some people say that foreign languages are important in business.
What do you think about that?

ANSWER

I agree/disagree ____________________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________________________________.

QUESTION 4

Now, I will ask you another question. Please give 2 reasons to support your answer.
These days, some students prefer to study even on holidays.
Do you think this is a good idea?

ANSWER

Yes/No ______________________________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________________________________.

[HS] What is the most important thing to be a global citizen?

PASSAGE READING

Please read aloud the following passage. I will check your pronunciation as you read.

READ

A global citizen is a responsible individual who is aware of other cultures and global issues. They actively participate in their community as they are willing to do something to make the world a better place. They have a good understanding of how the world works in different aspects. They are the ones who believe that the world community needs to be supported by a powerful set of values. This set of values is based on human rights, religion, gender equality, good governance, protection of the environment, and others. They also have goals that are expected to end poverty. One of their goals is focused on education as it is necessary for forming a strong foundation that helps build sustainable societies.

COMPREHENSION CHECK

Please answer the following questions based on the passage.

ANSWER

1. What is a global citizen?

Answer: ______________________________________________________________

2. What do global citizens believe?

Answer: ______________________________________________________________

3. Why is one of their goals focused on education?

Answer: ______________________________________________________________

CONSTRUCTING SENTENCES

Please construct sentences using each word below.

PRACTICE

Words and Expressions Sample Sentences
citizen _______________________________________________
community _______________________________________________
participate _______________________________________________
responsible _______________________________________________
individual _______________________________________________

EXPRESSING OPINIONS

Please answer the following questions based on your opinion. Give at least one reason to support your answer.

ANSWER

1. How would you describe a good citizen?

Answer: ______________________________________________________________

2. Do you think you have responsibilities as a citizen of your nation? Give examples.

Answer: ______________________________________________________________

3. What do you think is the most important skill to become a global citizen?

Answer: ______________________________________________________________

4. Do you think you can be a global citizen?

Answer: ______________________________________________________________

5. What do you think should be the priority of global citizens?

Answer: ______________________________________________________________

6. What would you like to do if you become a global citizen?

Answer: ______________________________________________________________

7. Do you think education should be a priority? Why?

Answer: ______________________________________________________________

Eiken 2_1

DIRECTIONS

Read the passage silently for 20 seconds. Then, read the passage aloud in 1 minute starting from the title.

READ

Owning a Pet

Nowadays, a lot of people are very fond of having pets at home. The most common pets around the world are cats and dogs. Some people also like small animals like hamsters and rabbits. Owning a pet can be done by buying at a pet shop. Some people go to such shops and buy pets, and by doing so they can have their own pets.

QUESTION 1

Please look at the passage.
According to the passage, how can people have their own pets?

ANSWER

QUESTION 2

Please look at the pictures and describe the situation.
Describe each picture in 2 sentences.

 
Your story should start with the following sentence:
One day, Yuki was talking to her father about having a pet.

ANSWER

Eiken 2_1

1st picture:
One day, Yuki was talking to her father about having a pet.
____________________________________________________________.
2nd picture:
____________________________________________________________.
____________________________________________________________.
3rd picture:
____________________________________________________________.
____________________________________________________________.

QUESTION 3

Now, I will ask you the following question. Please give 2 reasons to support your answer.
Some people say that it is okay to use animals for research purposes.
What do you think about that?

ANSWER

I agree/disagree ____________________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________________________________.

QUESTION 4

Now, I will ask you another question. Please give 2 reasons to support your answer.
These days, many people prefer to retire abroad than in their home country.
Do you think this is a good idea?

ANSWER

Yes/No ______________________________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________________________________.

Intermediate: Art and Literature

GUESS THE WORD

Rearrange the letters of the word to complete each sentence. Read the meaning aloud and use it as a clue.
ANSWERS
  1. mundane
  2. originated
  3. scenic

ANSWER

1. word:
M
N
U
D
A
E
N
meaning: [adjective] ordinary and not interesting
sentence: For some people, painting is a _______ activity.
2. word:
O
I
R
I
G
A
T
N
E
D
meaning: [verb] where it began/started
sentence: Ballet dance _______ in 15th century Italy.
3. word:
S
E
C
N
I
C
meaning: [adjective] a beautiful sight
sentence: Her painting collection consists of _______ views in South America.

DIALOGUE

Let’s read the dialogue. I will be Sam and you will be Alice. Fill in the blanks with the correct responses.

READ

I thought classes are suspended tomorrow due to bad weather. Why don’t you take a little break from studying?
This is my final term’s project, brother. I’m writing a literature review of the Tale of Genji. It is the greatest novel in Japan and the world’s first novel. Do you know about it?

Of course, I studied it for my eighth-grade literature class. Although, I find reading a mundane activity. Do you like reading, sister?
___________________. How about you? I think you’re into visual art.

I am. I love painting scenic views and doing portraits. I like impressionist style of painting, by the way. Do you have a favorite art style?
___________________.

I see. Well, I hope you’ll be able to finish your homework on time. If you need any help, you know where to find me.
Sure. Thanks, brother.

READING ALOUD

Read and take note of the important points in the article.

READ

Every seventh of July, Japan celebrates one of their famous festivals known as “Tanabata”, the Star Festival. It is known to have originated from China’s “Qixi Festival”. It was first introduced in Japan during in 755 A.D. by Empress Koken, the 48th monarch of Japan. The Japanese fully embraced Tanabata Festival and its story during the early Edo period. Tanabata is a story of two lovers, Hikoboshi and Orihime, who were only allowed to see each other once a year as a punishment given to them by the heaven god for neglecting their duties after marrying each other. Today, Japan’s streets are in vibrant displays with people writing their wishes on strips of paper known as “Tanzaku”. They hang these strips of paper on bamboo trees with hopes that their wishes will come true. In some traditions, these bamboo trees are set afloat on a river and/or burned once the festival is over.

EXPRESSING OPINIONS

Please answer the questions about the article.

ANSWER

1. Who are the two lovers celebrated at the Tanabata Festival?
Answer:
2. Why are the two lovers not allowed to spend their life together?
Answer:
3. Some people say that tfhe Tanabata Festival is equivalent to Valentine’s Day. Do you agree or disagree?
Answer:
4. What do you think will happen to a country without art and literature?
Answer:

READ BETWEEN THE LINES

In your own understanding, please explain the meaning of the following quotations.

ANSWER

1. “Creativity takes courage.” – Henry Matisse
Answer:
2. “It takes a great deal of history to produce a little literature.” – Henry James
Answer:

CONVERSATION PRACTICE

Let’s talk. Please answer my questions.

ANSWER

1. Who is your favorite literary character?
Answer:
2. What is the weirdest literature you have read?
Answer:
3. Do you prefer fiction or non-fiction literature?
Answer:
4. Which art form do you like most?
Answer:
5. Do you think art is important in the modern world? How?
Answer:

Intermediate: History and Culture

GUESS THE WORD

Rearrange the letters of the word to complete each sentence. Read the meaning aloud and use it as a clue.
ANSWERS
  1. remarkable
  2. civilization
  3. expedition

ANSWER

1. word:
R
M
E
R
A
A
K
L
B
E
meaning: [adjective] someone/something amazing and unforgettable
sentence: Her research about the Forbidden Kingdom is truly ______________.
2. word:
C
V
I
I
L
Z
I
T
A
O
I
N
meaning: [noun] a human society with developed culture, laws, and intellect at a specific time and place
sentence: The Mayan ________________ was famous for their calendar-making, symbolic artworks, and agriculture.
3. word:
E
X
E
P
I
D
T
O
I
N
meaning: [noun] an organized journey, especially a long one for a particular purpose
sentence: He was famous for his first _______________ around the world.

DIALOGUE

Let’s read the dialogue. I will be Ron and you will be Emma. Fill in the blanks with the correct responses.

READ

I slept late last night. I searched about world history and it’s really amazing. I didn’t expect it to be incredible. What do you think is the most remarkable historical event?
________________________________. What about you?

I’ve been reading about Japanese history lately and I found out about Onna-Bugeisha. Do you know about them?
I know about them since my mother is half-Japanese. They are the female version of the samurai of the 200 A.D. It was believed that Empress Jingu became the first Onna-Bugeisha after leading a battle against Korea.

Cool! Onna-Bugeisha even fought along with samurais during battles. By the way, I think the greatest civilization is the Mesopotamian. Humans in this era built waterways for their economic needs. What do you think is the greatest civilization in the world?
________________________________.


That’s incredible. It’s silly of me to think history is boring when I was in high school.
It’s amazing how history shaped us what we are today. I’m excited as to what the future holds for us all.

READING ALOUD

Read and take note of the important points in the article.

READ

Majority of world historians considers Alexander the Great as the greatest explorer and military leader of all time. He has greatly influenced the world during his time in less than two decades. At a young age, Alexander was educated by a famous philosopher, Aristotle. After the death of his father, he ruled his father’s kingdom at age twenty. He then expanded his father’s armies, innovated new battle techniques, and led them in conquering the Persian Empire. His conquests led him to victories not just in Persian territories, but as well as in Syria, in Egypt, and in Asia Minor. He introduced Greek culture to people of these territories the same way Aristotle taught him. Because of his successful expeditions, the Greek civilization was as one of the greatest civilization in history.

QUESTIONS

Please answer the questions about the article.

ANSWER

1. At what age did Alexander The Great become king?
Answer:
2. Based on the article, why was Alexander given the title “The Great”?
Answer:
3. Some people say that history repeats itself. Do you agree or disagree?
Answer:
4. Can history and literature be separated?
Answer:

READ BETWEEN THE LINES

Please explain the meaning to the following quotes.

ANSWER

1. “We are not makers of history. We are made by history.” – Martin Luther King, Jr.
Answer:
2. “Yesterday is history, tomorrow is a mystery but today is a gift. That’s why it is called the present.” – Master Oogway
Answer:

CONVERSATION PRACTICE

Let’s talk. Please answer my questions.

ANSWER

1. What do you think are man’s greatest achievements and worst failures?
Answer:
2. What are the most important events in your country’s history?
Answer:
3. Which is the most important time among the three? Past, present or future?
Answer:
4. What historical event would you like to turn into a movie? Do you think it’s important for the movie to be historically accurate?
Answer:
5. If you have the power to turn back time, what part of history would you like to change? Why?
Answer:

Eiken 2_4

DIRECTIONS

Read the passage silently for 20 seconds. Then, read the passage aloud in 1 minute starting from the title.

READ

Online Jobs

Nowadays, some people choose to work from home rather than work in an office. Some of them do online jobs like writing articles, creating websites, and making designs. They can choose what tasks to do. They can decide when and where to work as well. Some people have these jobs, and in this way they can spend more time for other things aside from work.

QUESTION 1

Please look at the passage.
According to the passage, how can some people spend more time for other things aside from work?

ANSWER

QUESTION 2

Please look at the pictures and describe the situation.
Describe each picture in 2 sentences.

 
Your story should start with the following sentence:
One day, Ami was talking to her mother about her part-time job.

PICTURE

Eiken 2_4

1st picture:
One day, Ami was talking to her mother about her part-time job.
____________________________________________________________.
2nd picture:
____________________________________________________________.
____________________________________________________________.
3rd picture:
____________________________________________________________.
____________________________________________________________.

QUESTION 3

Now, I will ask you the following question. Please give 2 reasons to support your answer.
Some people say that working part-time helps students become more responsible.
What do you think about that?

ANSWER

I agree/disagree ____________________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________________________________.

QUESTION 4

Now, I will ask you another question. Please give 2 reasons to support your answer.
These days, many people prefer text messages over phone calls.
Do you think this is a good idea?

ANSWER

Yes/No ______________________________________________________________________.
_______________________________________________________________________________.

Intermediate: Traveling

GUESS THE WORD

Rearrange the letters of the word to complete each sentence. Read the meaning aloud and use it as a clue.
ANSWERS
  1. exotic
  2. tranquil
  3. overcrowded

ANSWER

1. word:
E
O
X
I
T
C
meaning: [adjective] rare or uncommon
sentence: They were amazed when they saw ________ animals at the zoo.
2. word:
T
A
R
N
U
I
Q
L
meaning: [adjective] peaceful and quiet
sentence: The temple they visited was beautiful and ________.
3. word:
O
E
V
R
C
R
W
O
D
E
D
meaning: [adjective] has a lot of people or things in one or more place/s
sentence: Some tourist places in the Philippines is becoming ________ .

DIALOGUE

Let’s read the dialogue. I will be Ron and you will be Emma. Fill in the blanks with the correct responses.

READ

We have a long weekend next week and I’m planning to have a mini-vacation. Do you have any suggestions on where I can travel and unwind?
_______________________. What is your ideal travel destination?

Well, I want to go to places that are quite exotic and tranquil. What is your ideal travel destination?
_______________________.

I didn’t know you’re into traveling too. Maybe one day we can be travel buddies and explore together. How often do you travel by the way? And do you travel alone?
I actually prefer traveling alone since I only have limited time
for myself. Although, I still travel with my family or friends depending
on the destination. I usually travel once or twice a month.


That’s amazing. I’m also thinking of creating video blogs whenever I travel, so I have memories of my travel experiences.
Indeed. Now I regret not making video blogs until now.

READING ALOUD

Read and take note of the important points in the article.

READ

According to an article of The Telegraph, a British Newspaper, United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) declared Japan as the world’s fastest-growing tourist destination since 2010 followed by India, Vietnam, and Thailand. Because of the country’s wonderful and exotic places and a tranquil atmosphere, Japan has attracted many visitors particularly Chinese and Australians. Some of Japan’s most visited places are Shibuya, Dotonbori, and Tokyo Disneyland.
However, according to the newspaper Japan Times, Japan is starting to face a problem known as “Kankō Kōgai,” which means “tourism pollution” due to overcrowded places especially in large cities and in major tourist destinations. Japanese people who are known to be polite and very welcoming are getting stressed by the uncontrolled rise of tourists every day. Citizens are requesting for a better transportation access and more accommodations for tourists to prevent the said problem.

EXPRESSING OPINIONS

Please answer the questions about the article.

ANSWER

1. Who announced Japan as the world’s fastest-growing tourist destination?
Answer:
2. In your own words, what is tourism pollution?
Answer:
3. Some people say that tourism destroys a country’s natural and cultural heritage. Do you agree or disagree?
Answer:
4. What do you think Japan’s government should do to reduce “Kankō Kōgai” without negatively affecting the country’s tourism?
Answer:

READ BETWEEN THE LINES

In your own understanding, please explain the meaning of the following quotations.

ANSWER

1. “Even if traveling is not for everyone, don’t let it break you. Life is too short so go and see the world.” – Unknown
Answer:
2. “It’s not about how much you spend in traveling. It’s about the memories and experiences you earn while you’re at it.” – Unknown
Answer:

CONVERSATION PRACTICE

Let’s talk. Please answer my questions. You may ask questions, too.

ANSWER

1. If you were to live in another country, where would it be and why?
Answer:
2. Where do you think is the most iconic/remarkable place on earth?
Answer:
3. Have you ever gotten lost while traveling?
Answer:
4. What is the one place you like to visit again and again in your country and abroad?
Answer:
5. Describe your ideal vacation trip with family/friends.
Answer:

Intermediate: News Media

GUESS THE WORD

Rearrange the letters of the word to complete each sentence. Read the meaning aloud and use it as a clue.
ANSWERS
  1. misleading
  2. biased
  3. violent

ANSWER

1. word:
M
S
I
E
L
A
I
D
N
G
meaning: [adjective] giving the wrong idea or impression
sentence: The news headline is ____________.
2. word:
B
A
I
E
S
D
meaning: [adjective] unfair support for or against something
sentence: The news about elections was ________ in favor of the leading candidate.
3. word:
V
O
I
E
L
N
T
meaning: [adjective] harmful and destructive
sentence: The news anchor reported the ___________ storm that attacked the major city last night.

DIALOGUE

Let’s read the dialogue. I will be Ron and you will be Emma. Fill in the blanks with the correct responses.

READ

I can’t stand watching today’s news, Emma. They’re mostly depressing. I feel like bad news always travels faster than good news. Are there any recent good news?
_____________________________. Nonetheless, you should still watch the news to keep yourself updated on what’s happening around you.

Don’t worry, I still do. Although, I prefer to watch news feature and documentary because they’re not that violent. What’s the best news you’ve heard of so far?
_________________________________________

That’s nice. I hope news outlets will become less biased and stick more to the truth. By the way, do you know how to recognize if the news is biased or not?
I watch, read, and listen to news critically. Sometimes, even by just
reading and understanding the headlines, you will know if the news is
biased or not. I always watch out for misleading sentences, one-sided
reports, and opinionated terms.


You’re absolutely right. With the popularity of social media, it’s easy to spread fake news, so we need to be very critical with what we believe and what we share with others.
Indeed. It’s our duty as citizens to be responsible and observant.

READING ALOUD

Read and take note of the important points in the article.

READ

The history of news can be dated back to the Ancient Rome and Han Dynasty in China. In Ancient Rome, “Acta Diurna”, or government announcements were engraved either in metal or stone before being posted in public places. Meanwhile, in China, news sheets were handwritten on silk. In 1456, a movable printing system was invented by a German blacksmith, Johannes Gutenberg. Since then, important information became easily shared with everyone.
A hundred years later, the term “newspaper” was first used in Venice, Italy when the government published their first handwritten newsletters known as “Written Notice”. To this day, news plays an important role in educating and updating the public that marked and shapes the modern world.

EXPRESSING OPINIONS

Please answer the questions about the article.

ANSWER

1. Who invented the first movable printing system?
Answer:
2. Based on the article, how does news shape the modern world?
Answer:
3. Some people say that social media could replace news media. Do you agree or disagree?
Answer:
4. What do you think will happen if anyone (including those without professional journalism/reporting background) would write and publish news?
Answer:

READ BETWEEN THE LINES

In your own understanding, please explain the meaning of the following quotations.

ANSWER

1. “News is the bridge between the people, the government, and the world.”
– Unknown
Answer:
2. “A newspaper is not just for reporting the news as it is, but to make people mad enough to do something about it..”
– Mark Twain
Answer:

CONVERSATION PRACTICE

Let’s talk. Please answer my questions.

ANSWER

1. Do you think there are more bad news than good news nowadays?
Answer:
2. Would you consider becoming a news reporter if given the chance?
Answer:
3. What kind of news interests you the most?
Answer:
4. Should news be more entertaining than informative?
Answer:
5. If you were to be reported in the news, what would be the headline?
Answer:

Intermediate: Spending and Consumerism

GUESS THE WORD

Rearrange the letters of the word to complete each sentence. Read the meaning aloud and use it as a clue.
ANSWERS
  1. allowance
  2. conscious
  3. finance

ANSWER

1. word:
A
L
O
L
A
W
N
C
E
meaning: [noun] amount of money to either save or use for a limited time
sentence: He promised to save twenty-percent of his _____________ so that he can buy a new car.
2. word:
C
N
O
C
S
I
U
O
S
meaning: [adjective] aware of one’s or someone’s actions/behaviors
sentence: Her mother is _______________ in spending their family’s monthly budget.
3. word:
T
H
I
R
T
F
Y
meaning: [adjective] using money carefully and not wastefully
sentence: I need to be ___________ so I can save enough money for a new car.

DIALOGUE

Let’s read the dialogue. I will be Alice and you will be Sam. Fill in the blanks with the correct responses.

READ

I used up all my weekly allowance yesterday. May I borrow 100 hundred dollars, sister?
____________. Where did you spent all your money?

There was a big sale at the mall. I couldn’t help myself so I shopped with my friends. I didn’t realize that I had no money left until I got home last night.
I won’t blame you, but you should’ve been a conscious shopper. Money doesn’t come around so easy these days.

I know, I’m sorry. Do you have any advice so I can become thrifty like you?
________________________________________.

I’m not sure if I can follow all of your advice, but I will try my best. Thanks, sister.
No problem. Anyway, here’s 100 dollars.

READING ALOUD

Read and take note of the important points in the article.

READ

In Japan, there is a money-saving method known as “Kakeibo” which means a “household financial ledger”. Kakeibo was created and first published in a women’s magazine by a female journalist, Motoko Hani in 1995. It is an annual journal composed of spreadsheets and inspirational messages to motivate its user while managing their finances. This is to keep track of how much the user is spending and earning, although its main goal is to save more money. With the positive influence of Kakeibo, consumers will be more responsible with their money. In addition, Moni Ninja, a financial blogger suggested that parents should teach their kids on how to save money by placing cash gifts they receive during holidays and special occasions in the bank.

EXPRESSING OPINIONS

Please answer the questions about the article.

ANSWER

1. What is Kakeibo for?
Answer:
2. How do parents teach their children in saving money?
Answer:
3. Financial education should be taught to young children at school. Do you agree or disagree?
Answer:
4. What do you think will happen if majority of people are over-spending money?
Answer:

READ BETWEEN THE LINES

In your own understanding, please explain the meaning of the following quotations.

ANSWER

1. “Beware of little expenses. A small leak will sink a great ship.” – Benjamin Franklin
Answer:
2. “When you have money, think of the time when you had none” – a Japanese proverb
Answer:

CONVERSATION PRACTICE

Let’s talk. Please answer my questions.

ANSWER

1. What is the most expensive thing you’ve ever bought without much thought?
Answer:
2. Imagine you earned a lot of money, where would you use it for and why?
Answer:
3. What can you advice to people who are over-spending money?
Answer:
4. If you were to remove some expenses in your budget, what would it be?
Answer:
5. Name other ways in saving money without depriving yourself.
Answer: